Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Giustizia, Stati Uniti

Usa. Corte Federale di Appello vieta ai social media di censurare gli interventi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-09-19.

2022-09-19__ Facebook 001

«sets up the potential for the U.S. Supreme Court to rule on the law, which conservatives and right-wing commentators have said is necessary to prevent “Big Tech” from suppressing their views»

«apre la possibilità che la Corte Suprema degli Stati Uniti si pronunci sulla legge, che secondo i conservatori e i commentatori di destra è necessaria per impedire alle “Big Tech” di sopprimere le loro opinioni.»

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Venerdì una corte d’appello degli Stati Uniti ha confermato una legge del Texas che impedisce alle grandi aziende di social media di vietare o censurare gli utenti in base al punto di vista, una battuta d’arresto per i gruppi dell’industria tecnologica che sostengono che la misura trasformerebbe le piattaforme in bastioni di contenuti pericolosi. La sentenza (3-0) della Corte d’Appello del Quinto Circuito degli Stati Uniti, con sede a New Orleans, apre la possibilità che la Corte Suprema degli Stati Uniti si pronunci sulla legge, che secondo i conservatori e i commentatori di destra è necessaria per impedire alle Big Tech di sopprimere le loro opinioni.

Oggi respingiamo l’idea che le aziende abbiano il diritto di censurare ciò che le persone dicono in base al Primo Emendamento, giudice Andrew Oldham. I gruppi tecnologici che hanno contestato la legge e che sono stati sconfitti dalla sentenza di venerdì includono NetChoice e la Computer & Communications Industry Association, che annoverano tra i loro membri Facebook, Twitter e YouTube di Meta Platforms.

Alcuni conservatori hanno etichettato le pratiche delle società di social media come abusive, indicando la sospensione permanente di Trump dalla piattaforma da parte di Twitter poco dopo l’attacco del 6 gennaio 2021 al Campidoglio degli Stati Uniti da parte di una folla di suoi sostenitori. Twitter aveva addotto come motivazione il rischio di ulteriori incitamenti alla violenza.

La legge texana vieta alle aziende di social media con almeno 50 milioni di utenti attivi mensili di agire per censurare gli utenti in base al punto di vista e consente agli utenti o al procuratore generale del Texas di fare causa per far rispettare la legge.

Poiché la sentenza del 5° Circuito è in conflitto con una parte della sentenza dell’11° Circuito, le parti lese hanno un caso più forte per chiedere alla Corte Suprema di occuparsi della questione.

A maggio, l’11° Circuito, con sede ad Atlanta, ha stabilito che la maggior parte di una legge simile della Florida viola i diritti di libertà di parola delle aziende e non può essere applicata.

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«A U.S. appeals court on Friday upheld a Texas law that bars large social media companies from banning or censoring users based on “viewpoint,” a setback for technology industry groups that say the measure would turn platforms into bastions of dangerous content. The 3-0 ruling by the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, based in New Orleans, sets up the potential for the U.S. Supreme Court to rule on the law, which conservatives and right-wing commentators have said is necessary to prevent “Big Tech” from suppressing their views.»

«Today we reject the idea that corporations have a freewheeling First Amendment right to censor what people say Judge Andrew Oldham. The tech groups that challenged the law and were on the losing end of Friday’s ruling include NetChoice and the Computer & Communications Industry Association, which count Meta Platforms’  Facebook, Twitter and Alphabet Inc’s  YouTube as members»

«Some conservatives have labeled the social media companies’ practices abusive, pointing to Twitter’s permanent suspension of Trump from the platform shortly after the Jan. 6, 2021, attack on the U.S. Capitol by a mob of his supporters. Twitter had cited “the risk of further incitement of violence” as a reason.»

«The Texas law forbids social media companies with at least 50 million monthly active users from acting to “censor” users based on “viewpoint,” and allows either users or the Texas attorney general to sue to enforce the law»

«Because the 5th Circuit ruling conflicts with part of a ruling by the 11th Circuit, the aggrieved parties have a stronger case for petitioning the Supreme Court to hear the matter.»

«In May, the 11th Circuit, based in Atlanta, found that most of a similar Florida law violates the companies’ free speech rights and cannot be enforced»

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U.S. appeals court rejects big tech’s right to regulate online speech

Sept 16 (Reuters) – A U.S. appeals court on Friday upheld a Texas law that bars large social media companies from banning or censoring users based on “viewpoint,” a setback for technology industry groups that say the measure would turn platforms into bastions of dangerous content.

The 3-0 ruling by the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, based in New Orleans, sets up the potential for the U.S. Supreme Court to rule on the law, which conservatives and right-wing commentators have said is necessary to prevent “Big Tech” from suppressing their views.

“Today we reject the idea that corporations have a freewheeling First Amendment right to censor what people say,” Judge Andrew Oldham, an appointee of former President Donald Trump, wrote in the ruling.

The Texas law was passed by the state’s Republican-led legislature and signed by its Republican governor.

The tech groups that challenged the law and were on the losing end of Friday’s ruling include NetChoice and the Computer & Communications Industry Association, which count Meta Platforms’  Facebook, Twitter and Alphabet Inc’s  YouTube as members.

They have sought to preserve rights to regulate user content when they believe it may lead to violence, citing concerns that unregulated platforms will enable extremists such as Nazi supporters, terrorists and hostile foreign governments.

The association on Friday said it disagreed with forcing private companies to give equal treatment to all viewpoints. “‘God Bless America’ and ‘Death to America’ are both viewpoints, and it is unwise and unconstitutional for the state of Texas to compel a private business to treat those the same,” it said in a statement.

Some conservatives have labeled the social media companies’ practices abusive, pointing to Twitter’s permanent suspension of Trump from the platform shortly after the Jan. 6, 2021, attack on the U.S. Capitol by a mob of his supporters. Twitter had cited “the risk of further incitement of violence” as a reason.

The Texas law forbids social media companies with at least 50 million monthly active users from acting to “censor” users based on “viewpoint,” and allows either users or the Texas attorney general to sue to enforce the law.

Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton on Twitter hailed the ruling as “massive victory for the constitution and free speech.”

Because the 5th Circuit ruling conflicts with part of a ruling by the 11th Circuit, the aggrieved parties have a stronger case for petitioning the Supreme Court to hear the matter.

In May, the 11th Circuit, based in Atlanta, found that most of a similar Florida law violates the companies’ free speech rights and cannot be enforced.

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