Pubblicato in: Agricoltura, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Materie Prime, Regno Unito

Anidride carbonica passa da 250 euro per tonnellata agli attuali 3,350. Birrerie belghe al fallimento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-09-18.

2022-09-04__ Svezia 001

«That in turn hit Huyghe’s supplier Nippon Gases, which demanded 3,350 euros ($3,398) a ton for CO2 instead of 250 euros previously»

«Il blocco ha colpito a sua volta il fornitore di Huyghe, Nippon Gases, che ha chiesto 3,350 euro (3,398 dollari) a tonnellata per la CO2 invece dei 250 euro precedenti»

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Regno Unito. I prezzi della anidride carbonica salgono del 500%. Impatto generalizzato.

Regno Unito. Pub. La pinta di birra chiara è salita da 3.96 ad un massimo di 8 sterline.

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Gli effetti a catena minacciano il produttore di birra belga e le serre tedesche. l produttore belga della birra Delirium Tremens rischia concretamente di interrompere la produzione per la prima volta in più di un secolo, poiché la crisi energetica europea crea effetti a catena inaspettati in tutta la regione. Dai pomodori tedeschi al pane svedese, la stretta della Russia sulle forniture di gas sta iniziando a colpire settori che vanno ben oltre i servizi pubblici e le industrie ad alta intensità energetica. Le ricadute sulle forniture di cibo e bevande si intensificheranno probabilmente con l’abbassamento delle temperature e la necessità di riscaldamento delle famiglie.

Dai pomodori tedeschi al pane svedese, la stretta sulle forniture di gas da parte della Russia sta iniziando a colpire settori che vanno ben oltre le utilities e le industrie ad alta intensità energetica. La ricaduta sulle forniture di cibo e bevande probabilmente si intensificherà con l’abbassamento delle temperature e la necessità di riscaldamento delle famiglie, costringendo imprese e consumatori a decisioni difficili.

Il birrificio Huyghe, situato nel villaggio belga di Melle, ha preso in considerazione la possibilità di chiudere la produzione a causa dell’aumento di 13 volte del prezzo dell’anidride carbonica liquida, utilizzata per rendere frizzanti le birre.

L’Unione Europea sta cercando di arginare la crisi causata dai tagli al gas della Russia, che lo scorso anno ha fornito circa il 40% della domanda di carburante del blocco.

I problemi del birrificio belga sono stati innescati da una catena di disgrazie che illustrano quanto sia interconnessa l’economia europea. Il gigante norvegese dei fertilizzanti Yara International ASA ha interrotto la produzione di ammoniaca in un impianto nei Paesi Bassi. Questo a sua volta ha colpito il fornitore di Huyghe, Nippon Gases, che ha chiesto 3,350 euro (3,398 dollari) a tonnellata per la CO2 invece dei 250 euro precedenti.

Carlsberg A/S ha dichiarato che potrebbe dover ridurre significativamente o interrompere la produzione di birra in Polonia a causa della carenza di CO2 liquida. L’anidride carbonica è una parte vitale dell’industria alimentare. Viene utilizzata per stordire il bestiame da macello, negli imballaggi per prolungare la durata di conservazione e nel ghiaccio secco per mantenere i prodotti congelati durante il trasporto. Il produttore tedesco di pomodori, fragole e peperoni si affida a SKW Piesteritz GmbH per il calore e la CO2, ma è rimasto a piedi quando il più grande produttore tedesco di ammoniaca e urea ha interrotto la produzione la scorsa settimana.

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«Ripple effects threaten Belgian brewer, German greenhouses. he Belgian brewer of Delirium Tremens beer is facing a real risk of halting production for the first time in more than a century as Europe’s energy crisis creates unexpected ripple effects across the region. From German tomatoes to Swedish bread, Russia’s squeeze on gas supplies is starting to hit sectors well beyond utilities and energy-intensive industries. The spillover on food and drink supplies will likely intensify as temperatures drop and households require heating»

«From German tomatoes to Swedish bread, Russia’s squeeze on gas supplies is starting to hit sectors well beyond utilities and energy-intensive industries. The spillover on food and drink supplies will likely intensify as temperatures drop and households require heating, forcing businesses and consumers into tough decisions.

Brewery Huyghe, located in the Belgian village of Melle, considered shutting production because of a 13-fold surge in the price of liquid carbon-dioxide, which it uses to make beers bubbly»

«The European Union is trying to stem the crisis caused by Russia’s gas cuts, which last year supplied about 40% of the bloc’s demand for the fuel.»

«The Belgian brewery’s woes were triggered by a chain of misfortunes that illustrate how interconnected Europe’s economy is. Norwegian fertilizer giant Yara International ASA halted ammonia output at a plant in the Netherlands. That in turn hit Huyghe’s supplier Nippon Gases, which demanded 3,350 euros ($3,398) a ton for CO2 instead of 250 euros previously»

«Carlsberg A/S said it may need to “significantly reduce” or halt beer production in Poland due to a shortage of liquid CO2. Carbon dioxide is a vital part of the food industry. It’s used to stun livestock for slaughter, as well as in packaging to extend shelf life and for dry ice to keep items frozen during transport. The German grower of tomatoes, strawberries and peppers relies on SKW Piesteritz GmbH for heat as well as CO2, but was left stranded when Germany’s biggest producer of ammonia and urea halted output last week.»

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From Beer to Tomatoes, Europe’s Energy Crisis Is Spilling Over

– Ripple effects threaten Belgian brewer, German greenhouses

– Widening fallout adds pressure on authorities to stem crunch

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The Belgian brewer of Delirium Tremens beer is facing a real risk of halting production for the first time in more than a century as Europe’s energy crisis creates unexpected ripple effects across the region. 

From German tomatoes to Swedish bread, Russia’s squeeze on gas supplies is starting to hit sectors well beyond utilities and energy-intensive industries. The spillover on food and drink supplies will likely intensify as temperatures drop and households require heating, forcing businesses and consumers into tough decisions.

Brewery Huyghe, located in the Belgian village of Melle, considered shutting production because of a 13-fold surge in the price of liquid carbon-dioxide, which it uses to make beers bubbly. It’s hoping a court, which is expected to rule on Wednesday, will thwart its supplier’s force majeure. 

Alain De Laet, owner of the family-run company, said his CO2 inventories could run out this week and force a stoppage for the first time since 1906, unless deliveries from a temporary supplier come through.

“I believe it when I get it in the brewery,” he said.

The European Union is trying to stem the crisis caused by Russia’s gas cuts, which last year supplied about 40% of the bloc’s demand for the fuel. Commission President Ursula von der Leyen on Wednesday is set to propose a mandatory target to cut power use — a step toward rationing — along with measures to funnel energy-company profits to struggling consumers.

The Belgian brewery’s woes were triggered by a chain of misfortunes that illustrate how interconnected Europe’s economy is. Norwegian fertilizer giant Yara International ASA halted ammonia output at a plant in the Netherlands. That in turn hit Huyghe’s supplier Nippon Gases, which demanded 3,350 euros ($3,398) a ton for CO2 instead of 250 euros previously.

“Currently running production based on gas in Europe is not profitable,” Tiffanie Stephani, Yara’s vice president of European government relations, said via email. “We continue to monitor the situation and adapt our production.” 

Nippon declined to comment citing the ongoing court case.

Huyghe isn’t alone. Carlsberg A/S said it may need to “significantly reduce” or halt beer production in Poland due to a shortage of liquid CO2. A handful of other Belgian brewers are also affected by the issue, and concerns over contagion are growing.

“A couple of months ago, the industry worked like a Swiss watch,” said Krishan Maudgal, head of the Belgian Brewers Association. “Because of the new situation with rising gas prices, it has cascaded down the value chain.”

Ammonia, which is produced with natural gas, has been hard hit by the price surge sparked by Russia’s move to slash gas deliveries in retaliation over sanctions related to its invasion of Ukraine. A wave of shutdowns has left at least half of the region’s capacity offline, creating a crunch for fertilizer but also CO2 — a byproduct of the process.

Carbon dioxide is a vital part of the food industry. It’s used to stun livestock for slaughter, as well as in packaging to extend shelf life and for dry ice to keep items frozen during transport. 

British online grocery service Ocado Group Plc said on Tuesday that increased costs for things like dry ice and energy will likely weigh on profits in the fourth quarter, while shoppers tighten their purse strings. The combination signals how difficult it will be for companies to pass on higher expenses as households struggle to fulfill basic needs.

For Wittenberg Gemuese GmbH, the disruption of ammonia production has also meant a loss of the heating and hot water needed to operate its greenhouses. 

The German grower of tomatoes, strawberries and peppers relies on SKW Piesteritz GmbH for heat as well as CO2, but was left stranded when Germany’s biggest producer of ammonia and urea halted output last week.

“Without heating, nothing works here,” said Kevin van IJperen, manager of the facility, which is nearly three times as big as the Pentagon. “We were still lucky as the temperatures were mild in the last week. Had this happened later in the year, we would have had huge losses.”

The outage at SKW, which is in talks over a government bailout, poses other risks for Germany’s economy. The company covers about 40% of Germany’s demand for AdBlue, an additive used to make the exhaust of diesel vehicles less harmful. A shortage could force freight trucks off the road. 

In Sweden, Pagen, one the country’s biggest bakeries, joined other food producers to warn about risks to food supply from surging energy costs and the risks of blackouts. 

A one-second electricity disruption in June impacted Pagen’s production for four weeks, head of communications and sustainability Berith Apelgren told local media, adding that recurring outages would be “mind boggling.”

Back in Belgium, Prime Minister Alexander De Croo has warned that Europe’s economy risks a “full stop” from a domino effect caused by the energy crisis.

“That’s why I think that interventions in the gas market are the core thing,” he said in an interview. “If you do that right a lot of the other things are actually less important, because that’s the driving element.”

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