Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia, Geopolitica Asiatica

Indonesia. Aderisce al Rcep. La Cina si espande nell’Oceano Pacifico. Esclude gli Usa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-09-06.

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«The RCEP, which is seen as an alternative to the U.S.-led Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), covers nearly a third of the world’s population and about 30% of its gross domestic product»

«Il RCEP, considerato un’alternativa all’Accordo globale e progressivo di partenariato trans-pacifico (CPTPP) guidato dagli Stati Uniti, copre quasi un terzo della popolazione mondiale e circa il 30% del prodotto interno lordo»

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«The company will build a $3.5 billion smelter with the capacity to produce 150,000 tonnes of nickel sulfate per year, LGES officials told Indonesian President Joko Widodo at a ceremony in Batang industrial park in Central Java, which was broadcast live. LGES and Indonesian state miner Aneka Tambang (Antam) will sign an agreement in September to jointly invest in a $300 million nickel mine in the eastern island of Halmahera to produce 16 million tonnes of nickel ore, LGES President Lee Bang-Soo said. With the world’s biggest nickel reserves, Indonesia has ambitions to become a major producer of nickel-based products» [Fonte]

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«Countries in East Asia region have thriving trade and economic relations with each other through free trade agreements. In August 2012, the 16 Economic Ministers endorsed the Guiding Principles and Objectives for Negotiating the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership. The RCEP negotiations were launched by Leaders from 10 ASEAN Member States (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam) and six ASEAN FTA partners (Australia, People’s Republic of China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, and New Zealand) during the 21st ASEAN Summit and Related Summits in Phnom Penh, Cambodia in November 2012» [Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership]

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Il Parlamento indonesiano ha approvato martedì una legge che sancisce l’adesione del Paese al Partenariato Economico Regionale Complessivo (RCEP), sostenuto dalla Cina, rendendo l’Indonesia l’ultima nazione del Sud-Est asiatico ad entrare nel più grande blocco commerciale del mondo. Il ministro del Commercio indonesiano Zulkifli Hasan ha dichiarato che il RCEP stimolerà il commercio, gli investimenti diretti e aumenterà la crescita del PIL del Paese.

Il RCEP, considerato un’alternativa all’Accordo globale e progressivo di partenariato trans-pacifico (CPTPP) guidato dagli Stati Uniti, copre quasi un terzo della popolazione mondiale e circa il 30% del prodotto interno lordo. È stato inizialmente concordato dai leader di 15 Paesi dell’Asia-Pacifico nel novembre 2020. Il patto, che non include gli Stati Uniti, è entrato in vigore il 1° gennaio di quest’anno dopo che sette nazioni del Sud-Est asiatico e Australia, Cina, Giappone e Nuova Zelanda lo hanno ratificato l’anno scorso.

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«Indonesia’s parliament on Tuesday passed a law cementing the country’s membership of the China-backed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), making it the latest Southeast Asian nation to join the world’s biggest trade bloc. Indonesian Trade Minister Zulkifli Hasan said the RCEP would boost trade, direct investment and increase the country’s GDP growth»

«The RCEP, which is seen as an alternative to the U.S.-led Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), covers nearly a third of the world’s population and about 30% of its gross domestic product. It was initially agreed by leaders of 15 Asia-Pacific countries in November 2020. The pact, which does not include the United States, entered into force on Jan. 1 this year after seven nations in Southeast Asia, and Australia, China, Japan, and New Zealand ratified the pact last year.»

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Indonesia parliament approves membership of China-backed regional trade deal

JAKARTA, Aug 30 (Reuters) – Indonesia’s parliament on Tuesday passed a law cementing the country’s membership of the China-backed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), making it the latest Southeast Asian nation to join the world’s biggest trade bloc.

Lawmakers also ratified a bilateral trade pact with South Korea, hoping to attract investment to develop the electric vehicle and batteries industry in the Southeast Asian country.

Indonesian Trade Minister Zulkifli Hasan said the RCEP would boost trade, direct investment and increase the country’s GDP growth by 0.07 percentage point.

“We describe this agreement as a toll way to enter the global market, and it is time for Indonesia to storm the international markets,” he told lawmakers.

The RCEP, which is seen as an alternative to the U.S.-led Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), covers nearly a third of the world’s population and about 30% of its gross domestic product. It was initially agreed by leaders of 15 Asia-Pacific countries in November 2020.

The pact, which does not include the United States, entered into force on Jan. 1 this year after seven nations in Southeast Asia, and Australia, China, Japan, and New Zealand ratified the pact last year.

Under the agreement with South Korea, Jakarta and Seoul will eliminate more than 92% and 95% of tariff lines respectively. Indonesia will give preferential tariffs to support Korean investment in areas ranging from automobiles to apparel, Indonesia’s Trade Ministry said in a statement following the deal signing in 2020.

South Korean companies such as Hyundai Motor Group and LG Energy Solution are currently among top investors in the electric vehicle and battery industry in Indonesia as it looks to take advantage of its rich nickel reserves.

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