Pubblicato in: Cina, Materie Prime, Russia

Russia e Cina. Sili Sibiri quasi terminato. Aumenta il flusso di gas verso la Cina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-08-21.

Cina Russia Power of Siberia 001

Russia. 2022Q2. Export 153.1 miliardi. Annualizzato sarebbero 612.4 miliardi.

Il blocco euroasiatico cresce e prospera.

L’export russo annualizzato si colloca a 612.4 miliardi Usd.

Intanto, il costo delle sanzioni ricade sui liberal occidentali, mezzo infallibile per richiamare voti alle urne.

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Russia e Cina. Sila Sibiri. Un gasdotto da 4,000 km e 70 mld Usd.

Gazprom. Investimenti per 1.1 trilioni di rubli. Sila Sibiri.

Russia. Partita la prima tanker LNG della stagione, da Yamal verso la Cina.

Russia, Penisola Gydan. Arctic LNG-2: un progetto da 21 miliardi Usd.

Russia. Programma di quintuplicare il LNG entro il 2035.

Russia. Varato il Belgorod, Project 09852.

Russia. Akademik Lomonosov. Prima centrale atomica mobile e galleggiante.

Russia. Un gigantesco rompighiaccio per Lng. – Bloomberg.

Artico. 50% delle riserve minerarie.

Yamal. Gli Usa hanno perso, la Russia ha vinto e raddoppia. – Bloomberg

Russia. Yamal. Francia e Germania con il muso nella greppia delle sanzioni.

Cina, Groenlandia e ‘Polar Silk Road’.

Dimenticate Russia, Arabia, Iran, Opec. È la Cina che fa i prezzi del petrolio.

Cina. Arabia Saudita accetta i petro-yuan

Cina. Centrali elettriche nucleari. 37 reattori attivi, 60 in costruzione, 179 programmati.

Putin avvia lo sfruttamento del mega campo Kharasaveyskoye.

Russia. Varato il rompighiaccio atomico Ural. Alla fine saranno 13 navi.

Dall’Artico la sfida russa al gas Usa: Yamal Lng ultimato in tempi record

Cina. Marzo. Import petrolifero. Arabia Saudita -1.6%, Russia +31%.

Gazprom. Investimenti per 1.1 trilioni di rubli. Sila Sibiri.

Russia e Cina. Sila Sibiri. Un gasdotto da 4,000 km e 70 mld Usd.

Russia – Cina. Accordo per costruire reattori nucleari di nuova generazione.

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Russia. 2022Q2. Export 153.1 miliardi. Annualizzato sarebbero 612.4 miliardi.

Power of Siberia – come viene chiamata la parte situata in Russia – ha iniziato a consegnare gas naturale alla Cina settentrionale nel dicembre 2019. In Cina, il gasdotto corre lungo il lato orientale del Paese, passando per la capitale Pechino e scendendo fino a Shanghai.

La fase intermedia è entrata in funzione nel dicembre 2020, mentre l’ultima sezione meridionale dovrebbe iniziare a fornire gas nel 2025. Il gasdotto Cina-Russia arriva mentre Mosca rischia di perdere gli acquisti di gas naturale dall’Unione Europea, un grande cliente che mira a tagliare due terzi delle importazioni di gas russo in seguito alla guerra in Ucraina.

Il gasdotto Cina-Russia arriva mentre Mosca rischia di perdere gli acquisti di gas naturale dall’Unione Europea, un grande cliente che mira a tagliare due terzi delle importazioni di gas russo in seguito alla guerra in Ucraina. Pechino si è rifiutata di condannare Mosca per l’invasione non provocata dell’Ucraina a fine febbraio.

Il ritmo degli acquisti cinesi è aumentato nella prima metà di quest’anno, quasi triplicando rispetto a un anno fa e raggiungendo 1.66 miliardi di dollari. Ma le importazioni cinesi di gas dal Turkmenistan in quel periodo sono state di gran lunga superiori, con 4.52 miliardi di dollari, in aumento del 52% rispetto a un anno fa

In volume, le esportazioni di gas di Gazprom verso la Cina attraverso il gasdotto sono aumentate del 63.4%, raggiungendo i 7.5 miliardi di metri cubi nella prima metà dell’anno

I due Paesi hanno discusso la costruzione di altri gasdotti, tra cui uno che dovrebbe passare dalla Siberia attraverso la Mongolia.

Gran parte dell’energia cinese proviene ancora dal carbone.

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«“Power of Siberia” — as the portion located in Russia is called — began delivering natural gas to northern China in December 2019»

«In China, the pipeline runs down the eastern side of the country, past the capital city of Beijing and down to Shanghai»

«The middle phase started operations in December 2020, and the final southern section is set to begin gas deliveries in 2025»

«The China-Russia pipeline comes as Moscow faces the threat of losing natural gas purchases from the European Union, a big customer that aims to cut two-thirds of its Russian gas imports in the wake of the Ukraine war»

«Beijing has refused to condemn Moscow for its unprovoked invasion of Ukraine in late February»

«The pace of Chinese purchases picked up in the first half of this year — nearly tripling from a year ago to $1.66 billion, the data showed»

«But China’s gas imports from Turkmenistan during that time were far higher at $4.52 billion, up 52% from a year ago»

«By volume, Gazprom’s gas exports to China via the pipeline rose by 63.4% to 7.5 billion cubic meters during the first half of the year»

«The two countries have discussed building additional gas pipelines, including one expected to run from Siberia through the country of Mongolia.»

«Much of China’s energy still comes from coal»

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This map shows the massive gas pipeline that Russia and China are building

– “Power of Siberia” — as the portion located in Russia is called — began delivering natural gas to northern China in December 2019, according to Chinese state media.

– In China, the pipeline runs down the eastern side of the country, past the capital city of Beijing and down to Shanghai.

– State-owned energy companies, Russia’s Gazprom and China National Petroleum Corp., have been building the pipeline for about eight years.

* * * * * * *


Beijing — China and Russia are in the final stages of building the first pipeline that can send gas from Siberia to Shanghai.

“Power of Siberia” — as the portion located in Russia is called — began delivering natural gas to northern China in December 2019, according to Chinese state media.

In China, the pipeline runs down the eastern side of the country, past the capital city of Beijing and down to Shanghai. The middle phase started operations in December 2020, and the final southern section is set to begin gas deliveries in 2025, state media said.

State-owned energy companies, Russia’s Gazprom and China National Petroleum Corp., have been building the pipeline for about eight years.

The China-Russia pipeline comes as Moscow faces the threat of losing natural gas purchases from the European Union, a big customer that aims to cut two-thirds of its Russian gas imports in the wake of the Ukraine war.

China has been looking to diversify its energy sources. Beijing has refused to condemn Moscow for its unprovoked invasion of Ukraine in late February.

The scale of the China-Russia gas pipeline indicates it is just one of many energy options for Beijing.

Although Russia has reportedly invested $55 billion into its pipeline deal with China, natural gas imports through the pipeline have only totaled $3.81 billion since December 2019, according to China customs data as of June, accessed through Wind Information.

The pace of Chinese purchases picked up in the first half of this year — nearly tripling from a year ago to $1.66 billion, the data showed.

But China’s gas imports from Turkmenistan during that time were far higher at $4.52 billion, up 52% from a year ago, the data showed.

Natural gas remains a tiny fraction of China’s energy imports, which are mostly of crude oil.

By volume, Gazprom’s gas exports to China via the pipeline rose by 63.4% to 7.5 billion cubic meters during the first half of the year, according to Russian news agency Interfax. The original deal aimed for 38 billion cubic meters in annual deliveries in the coming decades.

The Interfax report said Gazprom’s overall exports to countries not formerly part of the Soviet Union fell 31% to 68.9 billion cubic meters in the first six months of the year.

In early February, China and Russia expanded their annual gas purchase agreement by 10 billion cubic meters — they did not specify when that would occur but said it was a “long-term agreement.” Reuters estimated additional sales worth $37.5 billion over 25 years.

The two countries have discussed building additional gas pipelines, including one expected to run from Siberia through the country of Mongolia. The Financial Times reported this month that Mongolia expects the new gas pipeline, known as the “Power of Siberia 2,” to begin construction within two years.

                         Nuclear power and coal

Both China and Russia are also collaborating on nuclear power development.

In May 2021, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke virtually at a groundbreaking event for joint construction projects at two nuclear power plants in China.

Much of China’s energy still comes from coal, the bulk of which is produced at home.

But in recent months China has been buying more Russian coal, which is being sold at a discount as many other countries plan sanctions on the commodity.

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