Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Materie Prime

Svezia. Rimessa in funzione la centrale elettrica di Karlshamn a petrolio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-08-19.

2022-08-18__ Bloomberg Svezia 001

La Svezia si vantava di essere uno degli stati più ecologici del blocco europeo.

Ma tutti i sogni impossibili da realizzarsi si infrangono sulla realtà dei fatti

«Power prices in the southern part of a country are at an all-time high for Wednesday, soaring as much as 51% in an auction on Nord Pool ASA.»

«I prezzi dell’energia elettrica nella parte meridionale del Paese hanno raggiunto il massimo storico per mercoledì, con un’impennata fino al 51% in un’asta su Nord Pool ASA»

L’ecologia ha un costo assurdo e senza vento gli impianti eolici non generano corrente. Chi lo avrebbe mai detto?

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La Svezia si affida a una vecchia centrale elettrica a olio combustibile per tenere accesa la luce nel sud del Paese, mentre la scarsità di generazione eolica e le interruzioni del nucleare fanno salire i prezzi a livelli record. La centrale di Karlshamn, che brucia olio combustibile pesante e risale ai primi anni ’70, ha funzionato regolarmente per circa una settimana, secondo l’operatore Uniper SE. I prezzi dell’energia elettrica nella parte meridionale del Paese hanno raggiunto il massimo storico per mercoledì, con un’impennata fino al 51% in un’asta su Nord Pool ASA.

È l’ultima prova di come la lotta al riscaldamento globale sia passata in secondo piano mentre l’Europa affronta una crisi energetica storica. La combustione del petrolio è una fonte affidabile di generazione di energia – ma tra i metodi più inquinanti – e si aggiunge all’uso crescente di carbone necessario per soddisfare la domanda nella regione. L’impianto, che ha una capacità di 662 megawatt, ha funzionato a circa 200-300 megawatt e nell’ultima settimana è stato utilizzato frequentemente dalla mattina alla sera.

L’impianto ha utilizzato tra le 50 e le 70 tonnellate di combustibile all’ora. Secondo i calcoli di Bloomberg, ciò equivale a circa 9,000 barili al giorno nell’arco delle 24 ore. Sebbene il volume sia piccolo nel contesto del mercato petrolifero globale, sottolinea la continua tendenza dei consumatori a bruciare più petrolio per generare elettricità, mentre i prezzi del gas naturale salgono a livelli record.

La scorsa settimana l’Agenzia Internazionale per l’Energia ha alzato le sue previsioni sulla domanda globale di petrolio di 380,000 barili al giorno per il resto dell’anno, citando il cambiamento come una delle ragioni alla base dell’aumento. L’agenzia ha dichiarato che la maggior parte del carburante consumato sarà costituito da gasolio non stradale e olio combustibile. La Svezia meridionale è particolarmente vulnerabile ai bassi livelli di vento dopo la chiusura di diversi reattori nucleari negli ultimi anni.

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«Sweden is relying on an old oil-fired power plant to keep the lights on in the south as a dearth of wind generation and nuclear outages sends prices to a record. The Karlshamn station, which burns heavy fuel oil and dates back to the early 1970s, has been running fairly regularly for about a week, according to operator Uniper SE. Power prices in the southern part of a country are at an all-time high for Wednesday, soaring as much as 51% in an auction on Nord Pool ASA.»

«It’s the latest evidence of how combating global warming has taken a backseat as Europe faces a historic energy crisis. Burning oil is a reliable source of generating power — but among the most polluting methods — and adds to the rising use of coal needed to meet demand in the region. The plant, which has a capacity of 662 megawatts, has been operating at about 200 to 300 megawatts and has been called upon frequently over the past week from morning to night»

«The plant has been using between 50 and 70 tons of fuel per hour, he said. That would equate to about 9,000 barrels a day over a full 24-hour period, according to Bloomberg calculations. While the volume is small in the context of the global oil market, it underscores a continued trend of consumers burning more oil to generate electricity as natural gas prices soar to records»

«Last week the International Energy Agency lifted its forecast for global oil demand by 380,000 barrels a day for the rest of this year, citing switching as one of the reasons behind the increase. The agency said the majority of the fuel consumed would be non-road gasoil and fuel oil. Southern Sweden is particularly vulnerable to low wind levels after several nuclear reactors were shut over the past few years.»

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Sweden Turns to Burning Oil as Power Prices Soar to Record.

Sweden is relying on an old oil-fired power plant to keep the lights on in the south as a dearth of wind generation and nuclear outages sends prices to a record. 

The Karlshamn station, which burns heavy fuel oil and dates back to the early 1970s, has been running fairly regularly for about a week, according to operator Uniper SE. Power prices in the southern part of a country are at an all-time high for Wednesday, soaring as much as 51% in an auction on Nord Pool ASA.

It’s the latest evidence of how combating global warming has taken a backseat as Europe faces a historic energy crisis. Burning oil is a reliable source of generating power — but among the most polluting methods — and adds to the rising use of coal needed to meet demand in the region.

The plant, which has a capacity of 662 megawatts, has been operating at about 200 to 300 megawatts and has been called upon “frequently over the past week from morning to night,” spokesman Torbjorn Larsson said by email.

The plant has been using between 50 and 70 tons of fuel per hour, he said. That would equate to about 9,000 barrels a day over a full 24-hour period, according to Bloomberg calculations. While the volume is small in the context of the global oil market, it underscores a continued trend of consumers burning more oil to generate electricity as natural gas prices soar to records.

Last week the International Energy Agency lifted its forecast for global oil demand by 380,000 barrels a day for the rest of this year, citing switching as one of the reasons behind the increase. The agency said the majority of the fuel consumed would be non-road gasoil and fuel oil.

Southern Sweden is particularly vulnerable to low wind levels after several nuclear reactors were shut over the past few years. Summer maintenance at some of the existing units means that the Karlshamn station is vital to help meet demand.

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