Pubblicato in: Agricoltura, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Stati Uniti

Usa. Bistecche ad 8 Usd la libbra, contro i passati 4.47 Usd la libbra.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-08-13.

Carne. Prezzi negli StatiUniti 001

Nello agosto 2017 negli Stati Uniti le bistecche prezzavano 4.47 dollari alla libbra, contro gli attuali otto dollari la libbra.

Il lettore europeo troverà questi prezzi assolutamente bassi, ma essi costituiscono un grande onere per le massaie americane.

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I consumatori statunitensi, alle prese con l’inflazione, devono fare i conti con l’aumento dei prezzi della carne bovina, poiché gli allevatori stanno riducendo le loro mandrie a causa della siccità e dei costi elevati dei mangimi, una decisione che renderà più rigide le forniture di bestiame per anni. Il calo del numero di capi di bestiame, combinato con i costi elevati di altre spese di produzione, illustra il motivo per cui il recente calo dei prezzi dei cereali a livelli mai visti dall’invasione dell’Ucraina da parte della Russia, grande esportatore di mais e grano, potrebbe non tradursi immediatamente in una riduzione dei prezzi dei prodotti alimentari al supermercato.

Il mangime è la componente più costosa dell’allevamento di una mucca da carne, quindi i prezzi più bassi dei cereali spesso contribuiscono a ridurre i prezzi della carne. Ma le aziende produttrici di carne devono pagare il prezzo più alto per gli animali quando ce ne sono meno da macellare. Le aziende di trasformazione pagano di più anche per la manodopera, il carburante e altre voci.

I prezzi dei futures del mais sono scesi del 26% da quando hanno toccato i massimi di 10 anni in aprile. I prezzi sono ancora in crescita del 9% rispetto a un anno fa, a circa 6 dollari per bushel. I produttori probabilmente liquideranno ancora più bestiame a causa della siccità. I prezzi della carne macinata sono già aumentati del 10% rispetto all’anno scorso.

Recentemente ha pagato circa 475 dollari a tonnellata per il mangime per pecore fatto con mais e altri ingredienti, con un aumento del 40% rispetto a un anno fa. I prezzi dei polli sono saliti del 20.1% nell’ultimo trimestre rispetto a un anno prima.

A Eugene, nell’Oregon, Blair Hickok, 40 anni, studentessa di contabilità e madre, ha dichiarato che la sua spesa mensile è salita del 40% a oltre 1.200 dollari a causa dell’aumento dei prezzi di manzo, pollo, uova e prodotti come i bratwurst Johnsonville. La sua famiglia ha smesso di mangiare fuori per risparmiare.

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«U.S. consumers grappling with soaring inflation face more pain from high beef prices as ranchers are reducing their cattle herds due to drought and lofty feed costs, a decision that will tighten livestock supplies for years. The decline in cattle numbers, combined with stiff costs for other production expenses, illustrate why a recent fall in grain prices to levels not seen since Russia’s invasion of major corn and wheat exporter Ukraine may not immediately translate into lower food prices at the grocery store»

«Feed is the largest cost component of raising a cow for beef, so lower grain prices often help to reduce meat prices. But meat companies must pay top dollar for animals when there are fewer to slaughter. Processors are also paying more for labor, fuel and other items»

«Corn futures prices have dropped 26% since hitting a 10-year high in April. Prices are still up 9% from a year ago at about $6 per bushel. Producers will likely liquidate even more cattle due to drought. Ground beef prices have already jumped 10% from last year»

«He recently paid about $475 per ton for sheep feed made with corn and other ingredients, up 40% from a year ago. chicken prices soared 20.1% in the last quarter from a year earlier.»

«In Eugene, Oregon, accounting student and mother Blair Hickok, 40, said her monthly grocery bill spiked 40% to more than $1,200 due to climbing prices for beef, chicken, eggs and products like Johnsonville bratwursts. Her family stopped eating out to save money.»

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Shrinking U.S. cattle herd signals more pain from high beef prices

Chicago, Aug 9 (Reuters) – U.S. consumers grappling with soaring inflation face more pain from high beef prices as ranchers are reducing their cattle herds due to drought and lofty feed costs, a decision that will tighten livestock supplies for years, economists said.

The decline in cattle numbers, combined with stiff costs for other production expenses, illustrate why a recent fall in grain prices to levels not seen since Russia’s invasion of major corn and wheat exporter Ukraine may not immediately translate into lower food prices at the grocery store.

Feed is the largest cost component of raising a cow for beef, so lower grain prices often help to reduce meat prices. But meat companies like Tyson Foods Inc, which reported weaker-than-expected earnings on Monday, must pay top dollar for animals when there are fewer to slaughter. Processors are also paying more for labor, fuel and other items.  

“There’s really a lot of distance between the price of those grains and the price of those products at the meat counter,” said Bernt Nelson, economist at the American Farm Bureau Federation.

Corn futures prices have dropped 26% since hitting a 10-year high in April after the Ukraine war sparked worries about global supplies. Prices are still up 9% from a year ago at about $6 per bushel.

The lower prices benefit livestock producers, though U.S. government data shows ranchers on July 1 had already reduced the nation’s cattle herd by about 2% from a year earlier to its lowest level for that date in about seven years.

Producers will likely liquidate even more cattle due to drought, said Shane Miller, Tyson Foods’ president of fresh meats, on a conference call following the quarterly results. Chief Executive Donnie King projected prices for cattle and beef will rise moving into 2023 and 2024.

Ground beef prices have already jumped 10% from last year, U.S. government data shows. Rising cattle costs eat in to meatpackers’ profit from high beef prices.

Tyson reported its beef unit’s adjusted operating margins dropped to 10.2% in the April to June quarter from 12.7% the previous quarter and 22.6% a year earlier, while live cattle costs increased about $480 million. Margins will decline further to 5% to 7%, the company said.

Margins and meat supplies get a temporary boost as ranchers send more animals to slaughter, instead of keeping them to reproduce, analysts said. But consumers will ultimately be left with less beef, and it takes nearly two years to raise a cow once the liquidation stops, economists said.  

“The prices are here to stay for a while,” said Glenn Brunkow, a farmer who raises cattle and sheep in Wamego, Kansas.

Brunkow, a member of the Kansas Farm Bureau’s board of directors, said high diesel fuel and feed prices continue to drive up his production costs. He recently paid about $475 per ton for sheep feed made with corn and other ingredients, up 40% from a year ago.

Some consumers are switching to chicken or cheaper types of beef to reduce their food costs, meatpacking executives said. Still, Tyson said beef demand remains strong and reported sales volumes rose 1.3% in the last quarter as prices slipped.

“Even though we may be seeing some relief in feed prices, that demand is going to hold (beef) prices where they’re at,” Iowa State University economist Lee Schulz said.

Other protein options have also become pricier. Tyson said its chicken prices soared 20.1% in the last quarter from a year earlier. Wholesale prices for white eggs, meanwhile, reached a record high of $3.40 a dozen on July 21 due to strong retail demand and avian flu outbreaks that killed egg-laying chickens, data firm Urner Barry said.  

In Eugene, Oregon, accounting student and mother Blair Hickok, 40, said her monthly grocery bill spiked 40% to more than $1,200 due to climbing prices for beef, chicken, eggs and products like Johnsonville bratwursts. Her family stopped eating out to save money.

“We cannot sustain this for very long,” said Hickok.