Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Giustizia, Persona Umana, Stati Uniti

Florida e Mississippi. Prosegue la battaglia legale sull’aborto. Tanto alla fine c’è la Suprema Corte.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-30.

Sipreme Court Stemma 001

Ricordiamo come l’aborto sia tema politico tra i liberal democratici che lo sostengono ed i repubblicani che lo avversano.

Eppure, solo il 5% della popolazione ha a cuore codesto problema, ben più preoccupati di una inflazione a due cifre e degli interventi della Fed, prossima a rialzare nuovamente i tassi di interesse. Tanto, midterm si avvicina.

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Il divieto di abortire oltre le 15 settimane di gravidanza in Florida è ora in vigore dopo che un’ordinanza del tribunale che ne bloccava l’applicazione è stata sospesa martedì, e un giudice del Mississippi ha rifiutato di impedire l’attuazione di un divieto quasi totale nel corso della settimana. I due sviluppi hanno segnato le ultime battute d’arresto per i sostenitori dei diritti all’aborto dopo che la Corte Suprema degli Stati Uniti, quasi due settimane fa, ha rovesciato la sentenza Roe contro Wade del 1973.

In Florida, poco dopo che il giudice John Cooper ha finalizzato l’atteso ordine di bloccare l’applicazione del divieto di 15 settimane, entrato in vigore venerdì, lo Stato a guida repubblicana ha prontamente presentato ricorso, facendo scattare il congelamento automatico dell’ingiunzione. Ore dopo, il giudice Debbra Halford di Jackson, Mississippi, ha negato la richiesta dell’unica clinica abortista dello Stato di impedire ai funzionari di applicare il divieto quasi totale di aborto che entrerà in vigore giovedì.

Il Mississippi è uno dei 13 Stati che hanno leggi grilletto progettate per vietare o limitare gli aborti una volta che la Corte Suprema avrà rovesciato la sentenza Roe v. Wade, come ha fatto il 24 giugno in un caso che ha confermato un’altra legge del Mississippi che vieta gli aborti dopo 15 settimane di gravidanza.

La decisione della Corte Suprema degli Stati Uniti, a maggioranza conservatrice, ha dato agli Stati il permesso di vietare l’aborto e quasi due dozzine di Stati a guida repubblicana stanno cercando di farlo, o lo hanno già fatto.

La decisione ha scatenato un’ondata di cause legali da parte di cliniche in vari Stati, volte a preservare la capacità delle donne di ottenere l’aborto sulla base delle protezioni delle costituzioni statali piuttosto che di quelle federali, nonché proteste a livello nazionale.

Mentre i giudici di Kentucky, Louisiana e Utah hanno temporaneamente bloccato l’entrata in vigore dei divieti, l’alta corte statale del Texas venerdì ha permesso l’applicazione civile di un divieto precedente alla legge Roe e la corte suprema dell’Ohio ha rifiutato di bloccare un divieto di sei settimane.

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«Florida’s ban on abortions past 15 weeks of pregnancy is now in effect after a court order blocking its enforcement was put on hold on Tuesday, and a Mississippi judge declined to prevent a near-total ban from being implemented later this week»

«The dual developments marked the latest legal setbacks for abortion rights supporters after the U.S. Supreme Court nearly two weeks ago overturned the 1973 Roe v. Wade»

«In Florida, soon after Circuit Court Judge John Cooper finalized an expected order blocking enforcement of a 15-week ban that took effect on Friday, the Republican-led state promptly appealed, triggering an automatic freeze of his injunction»

«Hours later, Judge Debbra Halford in Jackson, Mississippi denied a request by the state’s only abortion clinic to prevent officials from carrying out a near-total ban on abortion that is set to take effect on Thursday»

«Mississippi is one of 13 states with “trigger” laws designed to ban or restrict abortions once the Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade, as it did June 24 in a case upholding a different Mississippi law barring abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy»

«The conservative majority U.S. Supreme Court’s decision gave states permission to ban abortion and nearly two dozen Republican-led states are now trying to do so, or have done so already»

«The decision has ignited a wave of litigation by clinics in various states aimed at preserving the ability of women to obtain abortions based on protections in state rather than federal constitutions, as well as nationwide protests»

«While judges in Kentucky, Louisiana and Utah have temporarily blocked bans from taking effect, the state high court in Texas on Friday allowed a pre-Roe ban to be civilly enforced and Ohio’s top court declined to block a six-week ban»

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Abortion bans in Florida, Mississippi allowed to take effect

July 5 (Reuters) – Florida’s ban on abortions past 15 weeks of pregnancy is now in effect after a court order blocking its enforcement was put on hold on Tuesday, and a Mississippi judge declined to prevent a near-total ban from being implemented later this week.

The dual developments marked the latest legal setbacks for abortion rights supporters after the U.S. Supreme Court nearly two weeks ago overturned the 1973 Roe v. Wade ruling that guaranteed women nationally the right to terminate pregnancies.

In Florida, soon after Circuit Court Judge John Cooper finalized an expected order blocking enforcement of a 15-week ban that took effect on Friday, the Republican-led state promptly appealed, triggering an automatic freeze of his injunction.

Hours later, Judge Debbra Halford in Jackson, Mississippi denied a request by the state’s only abortion clinic to prevent officials from carrying out a near-total ban on abortion that is set to take effect on Thursday.

The clinic, Jackson Women’s Health Organization, in challenging the law and a separate six-week ban, cited a 1998 ruling by the Mississippi Supreme Court holding that the right to privacy under the state’s constitution included a right to abortion.

But Halford said it was “more than doubtful” the state’s high court would continue to uphold that decision as it rested on the U.S. Supreme Court’s own past rulings including Roe v. Wade.

Rob McDuff, a lawyer for the Mississippi clinic, called the ruling disappointing and said they were considering their options.

Mississippi is one of 13 states with “trigger” laws designed to ban or restrict abortions once the Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade, as it did June 24 in a case upholding a different Mississippi law barring abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy.

Appeals in both cases are expected, with lawyers for the abortion providers in Florida at the ACLU and Center for Reproductive Rights already vowing to seek reinstatement of the injunction and to get the 15-week ban “blocked for good.”

Florida has long been a destination for women across the Southeast seeking to end pregnancies in their second trimester as neighboring states have strict abortion limits. Previously, Florida permitted abortion up to 24 weeks.

The conservative majority U.S. Supreme Court’s decision gave states permission to ban abortion and nearly two dozen Republican-led states are now trying to do so, or have done so already.

The decision has ignited a wave of litigation by clinics in various states aimed at preserving the ability of women to obtain abortions based on protections in state rather than federal constitutions, as well as nationwide protests.

While judges in Kentucky, Louisiana and Utah have temporarily blocked bans from taking effect, the state high court in Texas on Friday allowed a pre-Roe ban to be civilly enforced and Ohio’s top court declined to block a six-week ban.