Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia, Geopolitica Mondiale, India, Russia

Brics. Si espandono ad Iran, Argentina, Egitto, Arabia Saudita e Turkia. Club energetico maggiore al mondo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-18.

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Il gruppo Brics ha ricevuto richieste di adesione da parte di Iran, Argentina, Egitto, Arabia Saudita e Turkia.

Si formerebbe in questa maniera un gruppo coordinato che insieme ai già membri Brasile, Cina, India, Russia e Sud Africa governerebbe quasi il settanta per cento delle risorse petrolifere ed energetiche mondiali e di gran parte delle materie prime.

Non solo.

Questo gruppo di dieci stati sovrani ma economicamente coordinati dispone di un Pil Ppp di 60,453.574 miliardi, contro quello americano di 25,346.805 miliardi e quello europeo do 23,730.275 miliardi.

In altri termini, i Brics sono diventati la potenza egemone mondiale. L’occidente ha ancora grandi risorse, ma è afflitto da una inflazione devastante, aggravata dal peso di immani debiti pubblici, non più a lungo sostenibili.

Ma questo non è tutto.

Il Club dei Brics è soprattutto un blocco economico nel cui ambito si rispetta in modo paritetico la sovranità nazionale altrui, senza interferenza alcuna negli altrui affari interni.

Questa è la carta vincente e rende ragione del fatto che molti altri stati sovrani stanno valutando se chiedere di essere ammessi nel Club.

L’enclave liberal occidentale sta devolvendo dissolvendosi: ci vorrà ancora qualche tempo, ma il destino è segnato. E proprio in un momento così delicato i governi occidentali sono traballanti, paralizzati, ed incapaci di prendere decisione operazionale alcuna.

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BRICS expects Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Turkey to join group soon

The president of the BRICS International Forum expects Turkey, Egypt and Saudi Arabia to join the group “very soon”. In an interview with Russia’s Izvestia, Purnima Anand said that China, Russia and India discussed this issue during the 14th BRICS Summit, which was held online last month.

“All these countries have shown an interest in joining and are preparing to apply for membership. I think this is a good step, because expansion is always perceived positively; this will clearly increase the influence of BRICS in the world,” explained Anand. “I hope that the accession of countries to BRICS will happen very quickly, because now all representatives of the core of the association are interested in expanding the organisation, so it will be very soon.”

She stressed that the accession of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Turkey may not take place at the same time.

Earlier, Li Kexin, Director-General of the Department of International Economic Affairs of the Chinese Foreign Ministry, said that several countries were “knocking on the doors” of the organisation, including Indonesia, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Argentina.

The BRICS forum is a political organisation that began negotiations for its formation in 2006 and held its first summit in 2009. Its members were the countries with emerging economies, namely Brazil, Russia, India, and China, operating under the name BRIC, before South Africa joined the organisation in 2010, making it BRICS.

The organisation’s countries are characterised as being among the industrialised developing countries with large and emerging economies. Half of the world’s population lives in these five countries, and their combined gross domestic product is equivalent to that of the US ($13.6 trillion). Their total foreign exchange reserves are $4 trillion.

In 2017, during the BRICS summit in Xiamen, China, there was talk of the BRICS expansion plan, whereby new countries are added to the BRICS group as permanent guests or participants in the dialogue.

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The Rise of BRICS: The economic giant that is taking on the West

The G7 summit in Elmau, Germany, June 26-28, and the NATO summit in Madrid, Spain, two days later, were practically useless in terms of providing actual solutions to ongoing global crises – the war in Ukraine, the looming famines, climate change and more. But the two events were important, nonetheless, as they provide a stark example of the impotence of the West, amid the rapidly changing global dynamics.

As was the case since the start of the Russia-Ukraine war, the West attempted to display unity, though it has become repeatedly obvious that no such unity exists. While France, Germany and Italy are paying a heavy price for the energy crisis resulting from the war, Britain’s Boris Johnson is adding fuel to the fire in the hope of making his country relevant on the global stage following the humiliation of Brexit. Meanwhile, the Biden Administration is exploiting the war to restore Washington’s credibility and leadership over NATO – especially following the disastrous term of Donald Trump, which nearly broke up the historic alliance.

Even the fact that several African countries are becoming vulnerable to famines  – as a result of the disruption of food supplies originating from the Black Sea and the subsequent rising prices – did not seem to perturb the leaders of some of the richest countries in the world. They still insist on not interfering in the global food market, though the skyrocketing prices have already pushed tens of millions of people below the poverty line.

Though the West had little reserve of credibility to begin with, Western leaders’ current obsession with maintaining thousands of sanctions on Russia, further NATO expansion, dumping yet more ‘lethal weapons’ in Ukraine and sustaining their global hegemony at any cost, have all pushed their credibility standing to a new low.

From the start of the Ukraine war, the West championed the same ‘moral’ dilemma as that raised by George W. Bush at the start of his so-called ‘war on terror’. “You are either with us or with the terrorist,” he declared in September 2001. But the ongoing Russia-NATO conflict cannot be reduced to simple and self-serving cliches. One can, indeed, want an end to the war, and still oppose US-western unilateralism. The reason that American diktats worked in the past, however, is that, unlike the current geopolitical atmosphere, a few dared oppose Washington’s policies.

Times have changed. Russia, China, India, along with many other countries in Asia, the Middle East, Africa and South America are navigating all available spaces to counter the suffocating western dominance. These countries have made it clear that they will not take part in isolating Russia in the service of NATO’s expansionist agenda. To the contrary, they have taken many steps to develop alternatives to the west-dominated global economy, and particularly to the US dollar which, for five decades, has served the role of a commodity, not a currency, per se. The latter has been Washington’s most effective weapon, associated with many US-orchestrated crises, sanctions and, as in the case of Iraq and Venezuela, among others, mass hunger.

China and others understand that the current conflict is not about Ukraine vs Russia, but about something far more consequential. If Washington and Europe emerge victorious, and if Moscow is pushed back behind the proverbial ‘iron curtain,’ Beijing would have no other options but to make painful concessions to the re-emerging west. This, in turn, would place a cap on China’s global economic growth, and would weaken its case regarding the One China policy.

China is not wrong. Almost immediately following NATO’s limitless military support of Ukraine and the subsequent economic war on Russia, Washington and its allies began threatening China over Taiwan. Many provocative statements, along with military maneuvers and high-level visits by US politicians to Taipei, were meant to underscore US dominance in the Pacific.

Two main reasons drove the West to further invest in the current confrontational approach against China, at a time where, arguably, it would have been more beneficial to exercise a degree of diplomacy and compromise. First, the West’s fear that Beijing could misinterpret its action as weakness and a form of appeasement; and, second, because the West’s historic relationship with China has always been predicated on intimidation, if not outright humiliation. From the Portuguese occupation of Macau in the 16th century, to the British Opium Wars of the mid-19th century, to Trump’s trade war on China, the West has always viewed China as a subject, not a partner.

This is precisely why Beijing did not join the chorus of western condemnations of Russia. Though the actual war in Ukraine is of no direct benefit to China, the geopolitical outcomes of the war could be critical to the future of China as a global power.

While NATO remains insistent on expansion so as to illustrate its durability and unity, it is the alternative world order led by Russia and China that is worthy of serious attention. According to the German Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Beijing and Moscow are working to further develop the BRICS club of major emerging economies to serve as a counterweight to the G7. The German paper is correct. BRICS’ latest summit on June 23 was designed as a message to the G7 that the West is no longer in the driving seat, and that Russia, China and the Global South are preparing for a long fight against Western dominance.

In his speech at the BRICS summit, Russian President Vladimir Putin proposed the creation of an “international reserve currency based on the basket of currencies of our countries”. The fact that the ruble alone has managed to survive, in fact flourish, under recent Western sanctions, gives hope that BRICS currencies combined can manage to eventually sideline the US dollar as the world dominant currency.

Reportedly, it was Chinese President Xi Jinping who requested that the date of the BRICS summit be changed from 4 July  to 23 June, so that it would not appear to be a response to the G7 summit in Germany. This further underscores how the BRICS are beginning to see themselves as a direct competitor to the G7. The fact that Argentina and Iran are applying for BRICS membership also illustrates that the economic alliance is morphing into a political, in fact geopolitical, entity.

The global fight ahead is perhaps the most consequential since World War II. While NATO will continue to fight for relevance, Russia, China, and others will invest in various economic, political and even military infrastructures, in the hope of creating a permanent and sustainable counterbalance to Western dominance. The outcome of this conflict is likely to shape the future of humanity.

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BRICS expands to build multipolar world: Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Turkey to join in
Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Turkey want to join the BRICS, Purnima Anand, President of the BRICS International Forum said, Izvestia reports.

The decision was discussed by Russia, China and India during the 14th BRICS Summit, she added.

“All of these countries have shown their interest in joining and are preparing to apply for membership. I think this is a good step, since expansion is always perceived positively, this will clearly increase the influence of the BRICS around the world,” Purnima Anand said in a statement.

The process to accept new members should not take long, Anand said, as the countries are already in the process of joining the group. However, the states will enter the BRICS gradually, one by one. Discussions on Iran, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Turkey can be expected at the next summit in South Africa in 2023.

A high-ranking source told the publication that Saudi Arabia’s membership was reviewed during the visit of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to Riyadh on June 1-2. Moscow supported the government’s initiative. A diplomatic solution is currently being sought.

Earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the leadership of the BRICS countries was in demand to build the multipolar world. One may also count on the assistance of African, Asian and Latin American countries that pursue an independent policy, he added.

Pavel Knyazev, Russia’s sous-sherpa at BRICS, confirmed that it was decided to start discussing the expansion of the group.

“At the last summit, a decision was made to start discussing modalities, principles and criteria for the expansion process. Once consensus is reached on these issues, all members of the five will have to decide when to start discussing potential candidates,” Knyazev said. Moscow welcomes the interest of all states in joining the BRICS, he added.

Earlier, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that the process to prepare for the expansion of the BRICS association had been launched.

“Of course, both Argentina and Iran are worthy and respected candidates, just like a number of other countries that appear in discussions,” Lavrov said.

On June 27, Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh announced that the authorities of the republic had applied for BRICS membership. Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova confirmed that Iran and Argentina intend to become members of the group.

BRICS is the acronym coined to associate five major emerging economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The BRICS members are known for their significant influence on world affairs. Since 2009, the governments of the BRICS states have met annually at formal summits.

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