Pubblicato in: Cina, Regno Unito, Stati Uniti

Cina. MI5 e US security vedono nella Cina la più grande sfida all’occidente. Mortale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-15.

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La Cina ha un prodotto interno lordo del 4.8%, un Pil ppp procapite di 19,338.23 Usd, un indice dei Prezzi alla produzione, Ppi, del 6.1%, con un saldo della bilancia commerciale di 78.76 miliardi Usd, che annualizzato renderebbe 945.12 Usd.

La Cina è silenziosamente cresciuta negli ultimi quaranta anni politicamente, economicamente e militarmente.

Questo fatto non avrebbe dovuto impressionare quanti avessero avuto una sia pur rudimentale conoscenza della storia.

Nel luglio 1853 quattro unità da guerra statunitensi arrivarono al largo della baia di Edo e il comandante, commodoro Matthew Perry, assunse un atteggiamento intimidatorio che alla fine convinse gli inviati del bakufu a portare una lettera presidenziale all’imperatore. Perry tornò nel febbraio 1854 e i funzionari shogunali sottoscrissero la convenzione di Kanagawa. Iniziò di lì per il Giappne uno strenuo sviluppo culturale, industriale e militare che alla fine esitò nella battaglia di Tsushima, ove l’ammiraglio Tōgō Heihachirō distrusse due terzi della Flotta del Baltico, parte della flotta imperiale russa, comandata dall’ammiraglio Zinovij Petrovič Rožestvenskij.

Al Giappone erano bastati quaranta anni per uscire da un contesto medievale ed assurgere al rango di grande potenza.

Grosso modo il lasso di tempo durate il quale la Cina transitò da stato comunista a primaria nazione internazionale.

Per quanto concerne la politica estera, il successo cinese è stato possibile grazie alla loro concezione imperiale e mandarinica: rapporti bilaterali paritetici di vantaggio economico reciproco, totale rispetto della sovranità altrui, e nessuna ingerenza nei reciproci fatti interni.

E tutto questo si attuava mentre l’occidente liberal faceva dipendere aiuti e rapporti economici dalla piena aderenza alla propria ideologia.

* * *

Legati da una ideologia vecchia di oltre un secolo, i liberal democratici americani hanno visto un pericolo solo nella Russia. Così hanno permesso alla Cina di crescere ed adesso si ritrovano la vera realtà internazionale con la quale dover fare i conti.

* * *

Iran. Ha chiesto di aderire al Gruppo Brics, Russia, Cina, India, Brasile, Sud Africa.

Cina. Ha varato la Fujian, moderna portaerei di progetto e tecnologie tutte cinesi.

Cina. Perfezione e testa un sistema di missili anti-missile.

Cambogia. La Cina costruirà un nuovo porto idoneo ad attracchi militari. Usa furiosi.

Cina. Costruisce un secondo pone sul Lago Pangong Tso nello Himalaya. Ira furibonda della India.

Cina. Sotto Biden ha ampliato il proprio vantaggio commerciale in gran parte dell’America Latina.

Cina. Silenziosamente acquista dalla Russia il petrolio prima destinato alla Europa.

Cina. Compra e combustibili fossili russi e li rivende nei paesi che non possono importarli.

Russia. Non esporta in Cina solo il petrolio ma anche il famigerato carbone. 

Cina. Raduna in riunione le Isole del Pacifico ma il consenso totale sarebbe prematuro.

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I capi dei servizi di sicurezza del Regno Unito e degli Stati Uniti hanno fatto un’apparizione congiunta senza precedenti per mettere in guardia dalla minaccia della Cina.

Il direttore dell’FBI, Christopher Wray, ha dichiarato che la Cina è la “più grande minaccia a lungo termine per la nostra sicurezza economica e nazionale” e che ha interferito nella politica, comprese le recenti elezioni.

Il capo dell’MI5 Ken McCallum ha dichiarato che il suo servizio ha più che raddoppiato il lavoro contro le attività cinesi negli ultimi tre anni e che lo raddoppierà ancora.

Wray dell’FBI ha avvertito che se la Cina dovesse conquistare Taiwan con la forza, rappresenterebbe una delle più terribili perturbazioni commerciali che il mondo abbia mai visto.

In risposta, il portavoce del ministero degli Esteri cinese Zhao Lijian ha detto che l’intelligence britannica sta cercando di “gonfiare la teoria della minaccia cinese” e ha consigliato al capo dell’MI5 di scacciare i demoni immaginari.

McCallum ha anche detto che la sfida posta dal Partito Comunista Cinese è “dirompente”, mentre Wray l’ha definita “immensa” e “mozzafiato”.

Ha detto che rappresenta “una minaccia ancora più grave per le imprese occidentali di quanto anche molti uomini d’affari sofisticati si rendano conto.

Negli Stati Uniti, il direttore dell’FBI ha dichiarato che il governo cinese ha interferito direttamente in un’elezione congressuale a New York questa primavera, perché non voleva che fosse eletto un candidato critico ed ex manifestante di Piazza Tienanmen.

Wray ha affermato che la Cina sta traendo “ogni sorta di lezione” dal conflitto in Ucraina. Tra queste, il tentativo di isolarsi da eventuali future sanzioni del tipo di quelle che hanno colpito la Russia.

La Cina ha contato per troppo tempo di essere la seconda priorità di tutti.

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«The heads of UK and US security services have made an unprecedented joint appearance to warn of the threat from China»

«FBI director Christopher Wray said China was the “biggest long-term threat to our economic and national security” and had interfered in politics, including recent elections»

«MI5 head Ken McCallum said his service had more than doubled its work against Chinese activity in the last three years and would be doubling it again»

«The FBI’s Wray warned that if China was to forcibly take Taiwan it would “represent one of the most horrific business disruptions the world has ever seen”»

«In response, China Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said British intelligence was trying to “hype up the China threat theory” and he advised the head of MI5 to “cast away imagined demons”»

«McCallum also said the challenge posed by the Chinese Communist Party was “game-changing”, while Wray called it “immense” and “breath-taking»

«He said it posed “an even more serious threat to western businesses than even many sophisticated businesspeople realised”»

«In the US, the FBI director said the Chinese government had directly interfered in a congressional election in New York this spring because they did not want a candidate who was a critic and former protester at Tiananmen Square to be elected»

«Wray said China was drawing “all sorts of lessons” from the conflict in Ukraine. This included trying to insulate themselves from any future sanctions of the type that have hit Russia»

«China has for far too long counted on being everybody’s second-highest priority»

* * * * * * *


China: MI5 and FBI heads warn of ‘immense’ threat

The heads of UK and US security services have made an unprecedented joint appearance to warn of the threat from China.

FBI director Christopher Wray said China was the “biggest long-term threat to our economic and national security” and had interfered in politics, including recent elections.

MI5 head Ken McCallum said his service had more than doubled its work against Chinese activity in the last three years and would be doubling it again.

MI5 is now running seven times as many investigations related to activities of the Chinese Communist Party compared to 2018, he added.

The FBI’s Wray warned that if China was to forcibly take Taiwan it would “represent one of the most horrific business disruptions the world has ever seen”.

In response, China Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said British intelligence was trying to “hype up the China threat theory” and he advised the head of MI5 to “cast away imagined demons”.

He said the FBI director had also been “playing up the China threat to smear and attack China” revealing a “Cold War mentality” and urged him to stop making “irresponsible” remarks.

The first ever joint public appearance by the two directors came at MI5 headquarters in Thames House, London.

McCallum also said the challenge posed by the Chinese Communist Party was “game-changing”, while Wray called it “immense” and “breath-taking”.

Wray warned the audience – which included chief executives of businesses and senior figures from universities – that the Chinese government was “set on stealing your technology” using a range of tools.

He said it posed “an even more serious threat to western businesses than even many sophisticated businesspeople realised”. He cited cases in which people linked to Chinese companies out in rural America had been digging up genetically modified seeds which would have cost them billions of dollars and nearly a decade to develop themselves.

He also said China deployed cyber espionage to “cheat and steal on a massive scale”, with a hacking programme larger than that of every other major country combined.

The MI5 head said intelligence about cyber threats had been shared with 37 countries and that in May a sophisticated threat against aerospace had been disrupted.

McCallum also pointed to a series of examples linked to China. These included a British aviation expert who had received an approach online and had been offered an attractive employment opportunity. He travelled to China twice to be “wined and dined” before being asked for technical information on military aircraft by a company which was actually a front for Chinese intelligence officers.

“That’s where we stepped in,” said McCallum. He also said one engineering firm had been approached by a Chinese company which led to its technology being taken before the deal was then called off, forcing the company, Smith’s Harlow, to go into administration in 2020.

And he pointed to the interference alert issued by Parliament in January about the activities of Christine Lee. He said these types of operations aimed to amplify pro-Chinese communist party voices and silence those that questioned its authority. “It needs to be challenged,” the MI5 head said.

In the US, the FBI director said the Chinese government had directly interfered in a congressional election in New York this spring because they did not want a candidate who was a critic and former protester at Tiananmen Square to be elected.

They had done so, he said, by hiring a private investigator to dig up derogatory information. When they could not find anything, he said there had been an effort to manufacture a controversy using a sex worker before even suggesting staging a car accident.

Wray said China was drawing “all sorts of lessons” from the conflict in Ukraine. This included trying to insulate themselves from any future sanctions of the type that have hit Russia. If China did invade Taiwan, the economic disruption would be much greater than that seen this year, he said, with western investments in China becoming “hostages” and supply chains disrupted.

“I don’t have any reason to think their interest in Taiwan has abated in any fashion,” the FBI director told journalists after the speech.

The MI5 head said new legislation would help to deal with the threat but the UK also needed to become a “harder target” by ensuring that all parts of society were more aware of the risks. He said that reform of the visa system had seen over 50 students linked to the Chinese military leaving the UK.

“China has for far too long counted on being everybody’s second-highest priority,” Wray said, adding: “They are not flying under the radar anymore.”

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