Pubblicato in: Agricoltura, India

India. Le semine di riso sono calate del 46% rispetto lo scorso anno a causa dei monsoni.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-01.

India 013

La semina di riso in India è diminuita del 46% rispetto all’anno scorso.

Gli agricoltori indiani hanno seminato finora 1,96 milioni di ettari di riso estivo, secondo i dati del ministero dell’Agricoltura di venerdì, con un calo del 46% rispetto all’anno scorso, soprattutto a causa di un inizio debole del monsone.

Tuttavia, le prospettive sono migliori, dato che il monsone si è ripreso. Le piogge estive hanno coperto più della metà del Paese e il deficit di precipitazioni si è ridotto al 2% dal 36%.

La semina è appena iniziata e la superficie coltivata a riso potrebbe aumentare con una ripresa delle piogge monsoniche.

Gli agricoltori generalmente iniziano a piantare riso, mais, cotone, soia, canna da zucchero e arachidi, tra le altre colture, a partire da giugno, quando le piogge monsoniche arrivano tipicamente in India.

Le piogge monsoniche giocano un ruolo cruciale nell’agricoltura – che impiega quasi il 50% della forza lavoro indiana – poiché quasi la metà dei terreni agricoli del Paese non è irrigata.

La superficie coltivata a cotone è stata di 3.18 milioni di ettari, in calo rispetto ai 3.73 milioni di ettari dell’anno precedente.

La semina di soia, la principale coltura estiva di semi oleosi, si è attestata a 278,000 milioni di ettari, rispetto a 1.25 milioni di ettari nello stesso periodo del 2021.

La superficie coltivata a riso proteico è salita a 202,000 ettari contro i 132,000 dello scorso anno.

La piantagione di canna da zucchero è rimasta quasi invariata a 5.07 milioni di ettari

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«India’s rice planting down 46% from last year»

«Indian farmers have planted 1.96 million hectares with summer-sown rice so far, farm ministry data showed on Friday, down 46% from last year mainly due to a weak start to the monsoon»

«The outlook is better, however, as the monsoon has gathered steam. Summer rains have covered more than half of the country, with the rainfall deficit getting narrowed to 2% from 36%.»

«The planting has just started, and the area under rice could go up with a pick-up in monsoon rains»

«Farmers generally start planting rice, corn, cotton, soybeans, sugarcane and peanuts, among other crops, from June, when monsoon rains typically arrive in India»

«Monsoon rains play a crucial role in agriculture – which employs nearly 50% of India’s workforce – as nearly half of the country’s farmland lacks irrigation»

«The area planted with cotton totalled 3.18 million hectares, down from 3.73 million hectares a year earlier»

«The sowing of soybeans, the main summer oilseed crop, stood at 278,000 million hectares, compared with 1.25 million hectares at the same time in 2021»

«The area planted with protein-rice pulse rose to 202,000 hectares against 132,000 hectares last year»

«Sugarcane planting was almost unchanged at 5.07 million hectares»

* * * * * * *


India’s rice planting down 46% from last year, likely to pick up

New Delhi, June 24 (Reuters) – Indian farmers have planted 1.96 million hectares with summer-sown rice so far, farm ministry data showed on Friday, down 46% from last year mainly due to a weak start to the monsoon.

The outlook is better, however, as the monsoon has gathered steam. Summer rains have covered more than half of the country, with the rainfall deficit getting narrowed to 2% from 36%.  

The planting has just started, and the area under rice could go up with a pick-up in monsoon rains, said B.V. Krishna Rao, president of the All India Rice Exporters Association.

Farmers generally start planting rice, corn, cotton, soybeans, sugarcane and peanuts, among other crops, from June, when monsoon rains typically arrive in India. Sowing usually lasts until July.

Monsoon rains play a crucial role in agriculture – which employs nearly 50% of India’s workforce – as nearly half of the country’s farmland lacks irrigation.

The Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare will keep updating the provisional crop sowing figures as it gathers more information from state governments.

The planting figures are also subject to revision depending on the progress of the June-September monsoon season.

The area planted with cotton totalled 3.18 million hectares, down from 3.73 million hectares a year earlier. Monsoon rains have been sparse over cotton-growing areas in Gujarat and Maharashtra states in the west.

Farmers have a relatively short window to complete cotton sowing and that’s why rains need to pick up to help growers plant the crop.

The sowing of soybeans, the main summer oilseed crop, stood at 278,000 million hectares, compared with 1.25 million hectares at the same time in 2021.

The area planted with protein-rice pulse rose to 202,000 hectares against 132,000 hectares last year.

But pulse acreage could drop in the next few weeks as some farmers might switch to more lucrative cotton and soybean, said Nitin Kalantri, a trader based in Maharashtra.

Sugarcane planting was almost unchanged at 5.07 million hectares.

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