Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Germania ed Austria ritornano al carbone. Il carbone è la quintessenza dell’ecologico.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-21.

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Kontrordine, kompagni liberal!

L’ideologia liberal ha sempre sostenuto che bruciare il carbone sia l’apice della ideologia, e che i fumi siano delicati profumi che migliorano la salute fisica dei lavoratori.

Tutti i kompagni liberal si adeguino immediatamente al nuovo credo.

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La Germania sta intensificando gli sforzi per rispondere alla riduzione delle forniture di gas russo riattivando le centrali a carbone e fornendo finanziamenti per garantire il gas per l’inverno, uno sforzo che costerebbe circa 15 miliardi di euro (15,8 miliardi di dollari) ai prezzi attuali.

L’Austria ha reagito alla riduzione dei flussi riattivando una centrale a carbone inattiva.

Il ripristino delle centrali che bruciano il combustibile fossile, fortemente inquinante, è l’ultimo segno di come la lotta al clima in Europa stia passando in secondo piano, mentre i governi cercano di difendersi dalle carenze energetiche provocate dall’invasione dell’Ucraina da parte del presidente Vladimir Putin.

L’allarme è scattato dopo che il Cremlino ha tagliato le forniture la scorsa settimana come apparente ritorsione per il sostegno dell’Europa a Kiev.

I flussi attraverso il gasdotto Nord Stream 1 sono stati ridotti di circa il 60% mentre il cancelliere Olaf Scholz e gli omologhi di Francia, Italia e Romania si recavano in Ucraina per sostenere la candidatura del Paese all’adesione all’Unione Europea.

Anche se il governo non ha fornito immediatamente dettagli sull’entità del programma, lo stoccaggio di gas in Germania è al 57% circa della capacità. L’acquisto dei quasi 120 terawattora necessari a rifornire gli impianti costerebbe circa 15 miliardi di euro, al prezzo attuale di 123 euro per megawattora.

La mossa della Russia ha portato i prezzi a salire di oltre il 50% la scorsa settimana, creando preoccupazioni per un possibile peggioramento dell’inflazione.

La più grande economia europea dipende ancora dalla Russia per il 35% del suo fabbisogno di gas.

Le forniture saranno “molto limitate” in inverno senza riserve complete.

Un disegno di legge che fornisce la base legale per bruciare più carbone per la produzione di energia elettrica si sta facendo strada in parlamento e dovrebbe entrare in vigore subito dopo le discussioni alla Camera alta, l’8 luglio.

In Austria, la Verbund AG, controllata dallo Stato, ha ricevuto domenica scorsa l’ordine di preparare la centrale a carbone di Mellach, ormai inattiva, a entrare in funzione.

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«Germany is stepping efforts to respond to a cut in Russian gas supplies by reviving coal plants and providing financing to secure gas for the winter, an effort that would cost about 15 billion euros ($15.8 billion) at current prices»

«Austria responded to reduced flows by reviving a dormant coal power station»

«Bringing back plants burning the heavily polluting fossil fuel is the latest sign of how Europe’s climate fight is taking a back seat as governments seek to hedge against energy shortfalls provoked by President Vladimir Putin’s invasion of Ukraine»

«The heightened alarm was triggered after the Kremlin cut deliveries last week in apparent retaliation over Europe’s support for Kyiv»

«Flows through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline were reduced by about 60% as Chancellor Olaf Scholz and counterparts from France, Italy and Romania traveled to Ukraine to support the country’s bid to join the European Union»

«While the government didn’t immediately provide details on the size of the program, German gas storage is at about 57% of capacity. Buying the nearly 120 terawatt hours needed to top up the facilities would cost about 15 billion euros at current rates of 123 euros per megawatt hour»

«Russia’s move led prices to surge more than 50% last week, creating concerns that inflation could get worse»

«Europe’s largest economy still depends on Russia for 35% of its gas needs»

«supplies will be “really tight” in the winter without full reserves»

«A bill providing the legal basis to burn more coal for power generation is making its way though parliament and should take effect soon after discussions in the upper house take place on July 8»

«In Austria, state-controlled Verbund AG was ordered late Sunday to prepare its mothballed Mellach coal-fired station for operation»

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Germany Plans Coal Reversal, Gas Funding to Counter Russian Cut

– Financing to refill storage would total about 15 billion euros

– Austria to reopen old coal plant in reversal of climate policy

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Germany is stepping efforts to respond to a cut in Russian gas supplies by reviving coal plants and providing financing to secure gas for the winter, an effort that would cost about 15 billion euros ($15.8 billion) at current prices.

The package of measures was announced days after Moscow slashed deliveries on its main gas link to Europe, hitting supplies to Germany and creating a knock-on effect for France, Austria and the Czech Republic. Austria responded to reduced flows by reviving a dormant coal power station. 

Bringing back plants burning the heavily polluting fossil fuel is the latest sign of how Europe’s climate fight is taking a back seat as governments seek to hedge against energy shortfalls provoked by President Vladimir Putin’s invasion of Ukraine. 

“It’s a sort of arm-wrestling in which Putin has the longer arm for now,” Economy Minister Robert Habeck — a member of the environmentalist Greens — said on ZDF television late Sunday. “But that doesn’t mean that we can’t attain a stronger arm with effort.”

The heightened alarm was triggered after the Kremlin cut deliveries last week in apparent retaliation over Europe’s support for Kyiv. Flows through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline were reduced by about 60% as Chancellor Olaf Scholz and counterparts from France, Italy and Romania traveled to Ukraine to support the country’s bid to join the European Union.

Scholz’s administration, which had sought to accelerate Germany’s exit from coal, also plans to offer industry incentives to reduce gas consumption and make unneeded supplies available for storage. The credit lines to refill reserves will be provided by state-owned lender KfW, the Economy Ministry said on Sunday. 

While the government didn’t immediately provide details on the size of the program, German gas storage is at about 57% of capacity. Buying the nearly 120 terawatt hours needed to top up the facilities would cost about 15 billion euros at current rates of 123 euros per megawatt hour. 

Gas supplies on Monday for Italy’s Eni SpA have only been “partially confirmed.” Germany’s Uniper SE — the biggest buyer of Russian gas in Europe — has also said it was getting less than agreed.

Russia’s move led prices to surge more than 50% last week, creating concerns that inflation could get worse. Since the beginning of the war in Ukraine, Germany has been preparing for a cut and has tapped resources, including securing floating terminals to import liquiefied natural gas, to fill a possible supply gap. Europe’s largest economy still depends on Russia for 35% of its gas needs. 

“Security of supply is currently guaranteed, but the situation is serious,” Habeck said, adding that supplies will be “really tight” in the winter without full reserves. “It’s obviously Putin’s strategy to unsettle us, drive up prices and divide us. We won’t allow that.” 

The tight supplies briefly led to a draw down of storage last week, but Germany’s network regulator, known as BNetzA, said the facilities are filling up again. The government will provide gas-market manager Trading Hub Europe, with the liquidity to purchase supplies necessary to achieve its target of 80% full by Oct. 1 and 90% by Nov. 1. 

The KfW’s financing will be secured by a guarantee from the government. Germany had already asked Trading Hub Europe to buy liquefied gas for storage in March. The company — formed by gas grid operators, such as Open Grid Europe and Gasunie — is financed by network charges paid by gas consumers in Germany.

The country’s three-stage crisis plan is currently at the first level. At the highest stage, the state would take control over Germany’s gas distribution

“Very little has been discussed about the emergency level, although it is much more likely to take effect soon,” said Christoph Merkel, managing director of consultancy Merkel Energy.

A bill providing the legal basis to burn more coal for power generation is making its way though parliament and should take effect soon after discussions in the upper house take place on July 8. 

In Austria, state-controlled Verbund AG was ordered late Sunday to prepare its mothballed Mellach coal-fired station for operation. The plant — located 200 kilometers (124 miles) south of Vienna — was shut two years ago in a move that at the time made Austria just the second European country to eliminate coal entirely from its electricity grid.

Reviving coal is “bitter, but it’s simply necessary in this situation to reduce gas consumption,” said Habeck. “We must and we will do everything we can to store as much gas as possible in the summer and fall.”