Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Materie Prime, Russia

Russia. Esporta tutto il petrolio che estrae e non riesce a sopperire a tutte le richieste.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-17.

Oil Industry - refinery factory
Oil Industry – refinery factory

Imponendo le sanzioni che vietavano l’import nei paesi occidentali del petrolio dalla Russia Joe Biden ha fatto un grossolano errore di calcolo.

Credeva che l’import dei paesi occidentali fosse così elevato da dare alla Russia un danno rilevante.

Al contrario, i paesi occidentali sono rimasti drammaticamente a corto di petrolio, da cui una salita dei prezzi, mentre la Russia in un batter d’occhio ha convogliato il petrolio estratto ai paesi asiatici del mondo libero, che non accettano il diktat americano e che condannano le sanzioni.

L’America non è più in grado politicamente ed economicamente di dare ordini a tutto il mondo, che vive felicemente ignorandola. Tanto, la America sta fallendo.

Cina ed India stanno richiedendo così tanto petrolio russo che Rosneft non riesce ad estrarne a sufficienza, e così non riesce a sopperire a tutte le richieste.

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La Russia non ha petrolio in più per i nuovi accordi con due acquirenti indiani: sta già vendendo tutto quello che estrae.

La russa Rosneft si sta trattenendo dal firmare nuovi accordi sul greggio con due raffinerie statali indiane, hanno dichiarato tre fonti a conoscenza della questione, poiché ha impegnato le vendite ad altri clienti.

Le raffinerie indiane si sono accaparrate il petrolio russo a basso costo.

La mancanza di nuovi accordi di fornitura a termine con Rosneft potrebbe spingere le raffinerie indiane a rivolgersi al mercato spot per ottenere petrolio più costoso.

→→ Ciò indica anche che la Russia è riuscita a continuare a esportare il suo petrolio nonostante le crescenti pressioni delle sanzioni occidentali, che avrebbero voluto soffocare le entrate di Mosca. ←←

Finora solo IOC, la principale raffineria del Paese, ha firmato un accordo con Rosneft, che la vedrà acquistare 6 milioni di barili di petrolio russo al mese, con l’opzione di acquistarne altri 3 milioni.

La Russia sta aumentando le esportazioni di petrolio dal suo principale porto orientale di Kozmino di circa un quinto per soddisfare la crescente domanda da parte degli acquirenti asiatici e compensare l’impatto delle sanzioni dell’Unione Europea.

Anche la Cina ha incrementato i suoi acquisti dalla Russia. Rosneft ha assegnato 900.000 tonnellate (6,66 milioni di barili) di greggio ESPO Blend che verranno caricate a giugno a Unipec, il braccio commerciale del principale raffinatore asiatico Sinopec.

Le offerte sono state ridotte e gli sconti non sono più così vantaggiosi come prima, poiché le tariffe di assicurazione e di trasporto sono aumentate.

Il contratto offre a IOC l’opzione di acquistare 2 milioni di tonnellate di petrolio da Rosneft su base FOB (free on board), il che richiede all’acquirente di noleggiare navi e pagare l’assicurazione per caricare i carichi dalla Russia.

L’India acquista in larga misura greggio russo degli Urali, ma l’accordo più recente di IOC include un’opzione di fornitura di ESPO Blend dal porto russo di Kozmino e dal grado Sokol di Sakhalin

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«Russia doesn’t have extra oil for new deals with two Indian buyers»

«Russia’s Rosneft is holding back on signing new crude oil deals with two Indian state refiners, three sources with knowledge of the matter said, as it has committed sales to other customers»

«Indian refiners have been snapping up cheap Russian oil»

«A lack of new term supply deals with Rosneft may push Indian refiners to turn to the spot market for more expensive oil»

«It also indicates that Russia has managed to keep exporting its oil despite increasing pressure from Western sanctions to choke Moscow’s revenue»

«So far only IOC, the country’s top refiner, has signed a deal with Rosneft, which will see it buy 6 million barrels of Russian oil every month, with an option to buy 3 million barrels more»

«Russia is ramping up oil exports from its major eastern port of Kozmino by about a fifth to meet surging demand from Asian buyers and offset the impact of European Union sanctions»

«China has also boosted its purchases from Russia. Rosneft has awarded 900,000 tonnes (6.66 million barrels) of ESPO Blend crude oil loading in June to Unipec, the trading arm of Asia’s top refiner Sinopec»

«Offers have been reduced and discounts are not as good as before, as insurance and freight rates have gone up»

«The contract gives IOC an option to buy 2 million tonnes of oil from Rosneft on a free on board (FOB) basis, which requires the buyer to charter ships and pay for insurance to load the cargoes from Russia»

«India largely buys Russian Urals crude, but the most recent IOC deal includes an option of supplies of ESPO Blend from the Russian port of Kozmino and Sakhalin’s Sokol grade as wel»

* * * * * * *


Russia doesn’t have extra oil for new deals with two Indian buyers: Reuters, citing sources

– Russia’s Rosneft is holding back on signing new crude oil deals with two Indian state refiners, three sources with knowledge of the matter said, as it has committed sales to other customers.

– Indian refiners have been snapping up cheap Russian oil, shunned by western companies and countries since sanctions were imposed against Moscow for its invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24, which Russia calls a “special military operation.”

– A lack of new term supply deals with Rosneft may push Indian refiners to turn to the spot market for more expensive oil.

* * * * * * *

Russia’s Rosneft is holding back on signing new crude oil deals with two Indian state refiners, three sources with knowledge of the matter said, as it has committed sales to other customers.

Indian refiners have been snapping up cheap Russian oil, shunned by western companies and countries since sanctions were imposed against Moscow for its invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24, which Russia calls a “special military operation.”

A lack of new term supply deals with Rosneft may push Indian refiners to turn to the spot market for more expensive oil. It also indicates that Russia has managed to keep exporting its oil despite increasing pressure from Western sanctions to choke Moscow’s revenue.

Drawn to the discounts offered, three Indian state refiners — Indian Oil, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum — opened negotiations with Rosneft earlier this year for six-month supply deals.

So far only IOC, the country’s top refiner, has signed a deal with Rosneft, which will see it buy 6 million barrels of Russian oil every month, with an option to buy 3 million barrels more. The other two refiners’ requests have since been turned down by the Russian producer, the sources said.

“Rosneft is non-committal in signing a contract with HPCL and BPCL. They are saying they don’t have volumes,” said one of the sources.

Sources said the contract with IOC included payment in all major currencies such as rupees, dollars and euros, depending on the payment mechanism available at the time of the transaction.

Rosneft, IOC, HPCL and BPCL did not respond to Reuters’ requests for comment.

Russia is ramping up oil exports from its major eastern port of Kozmino by about a fifth to meet surging demand from Asian buyers and offset the impact of European Union sanctions.

Trade sources said Rosneft is pushing barrels into the markets through trading firms such as Everest Energy, Coral Energy, Bellatrix and Sunrise.

Bellatrix and Sunrise were not available for comment, while Coral and Everest did not respond to a Reuters email seeking comment.

According to the shipping data cited by two traders in the Urals market, all four trading firms acted as suppliers of crude oil purchased from Rosneft to India.

China has also boosted its purchases from Russia. Rosneft has awarded 900,000 tonnes (6.66 million barrels) of ESPO Blend crude oil loading in June to Unipec, the trading arm of Asia’s top refiner Sinopec, according to four traders.

Indian sources said Russian oil is no longer available at deep discounts and they get fewer offers for sale on a Delivered At Port (DAP) basis, an international commercial term in which the seller pays for insurance and freight and ownership is transferred to the buyer only after the cargo is discharged.

“Earlier the companies were offering good discounts but that is not available now. Offers have been reduced and discounts are not as good as before, as insurance and freight rates have gone up,” another source said.

The European Union, which along with Britain and the United States dominate the international marine market, last week announced an immediate ban on new insurance contracts for ships carrying Russian oil, and gave a six-month grace period for existing contracts.

The lack of shipping insurance coverage has hit IOC’s purchases of Russian oil under a contract it signed with Rosneft last year, sources said.

The contract gives IOC an option to buy 2 million tonnes of oil from Rosneft on a free on board (FOB) basis, which requires the buyer to charter ships and pay for insurance to load the cargoes from Russia.

India largely buys Russian Urals crude, but the most recent IOC deal includes an option of supplies of ESPO Blend from the Russian port of Kozmino and Sakhalin’s Sokol grade as well, one of the sources said.

Indian refiners are however continuing to lift some volumes from the spot markets, and HPCL and BPCL might get about 1 million-2 million barrels of Russian oil in July, the sources said.

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