Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, India, Materie Prime, Russia, Stati Uniti

India. Carbone. Utilizza oltre un trilione di tonnellate ed importa tranquillante il carbone russo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-13.

India 013

«India ranks 2nd in the world for Coal consumption, accounting for about 84.8% of the world’s total consumption of 1,139,471,430 tons. India consumes 729,540 cubic feet of Coal per capita every year (based on the 2016 population of 1,324,517,249 people), or 1,999 cubic feet per capita per day»

«India’s coal production rose 8.6% to 777.2 million tonnes during the year ended March 2022»

«India’s coal supply rose 18.4% to 818 million tonnes in the fiscal year 2021/22»

«domestic supply exceeding annual output by 5.2% as consumers dipped into reserves to address higher demand»

«The electricity sector accounts for over three-fourths of India’s coal consumption, and coal accounts for nearly 75% of India’s power production»

«The energy hungry nation’s coal imports from April 2021- January 2022 fell 16.4% to 173.20 million tonnes, compared with 207.24 million tonnes during the same period the previous yea»

«Imports of non-coking coal, mainly used in power generation, fell 23.3% to 125.61 million tonnes, while imports of coking coal, predominantly used in steelmaking, rose 9.7% to 47.6 million tonnes in the April-January period year over year»

«Production by so-called “captive mines,” where end-use of the fuel extracted is restricted for self-use, rose 29.5% to 89.6 million tonnes»

«The consumption of coal by India, the world’s second largest producer, consumer and importer of the fuel, is set to cross the 1 billion tonnes mark for the first time in the financial year 2021/22»

«State-run Coal India, which accounts for over 80% of the country’s domestic output of the fuel, saw its production grow 4.4% to a record 622.6 million tonnes during the year»

«India’s coal imports from Russia jumped in March to highs not seen in more than two years»

«The European Commission last week proposed banning Russian coal as part of a new round of sanctions against Moscow»

«Markets suspect that India and China may boost coal imports from Russia, offsetting some of the impact of a formalised EU ban on Russian coal import»

«The White House has fired two ‘warning shots’ to date, pressuring India to be on the ‘right side of history’ and avoid aligning with Russia»

* * * * * * *

Il consumo di carbone da parte dell’India, secondo produttore, consumatore e importatore mondiale di questo combustibile, è destinato a superare per la prima volta la soglia di 1 miliardo di tonnellate nell’anno finanziario 2021/22.

Le importazioni di carbone non coke, utilizzato principalmente per la produzione di energia, sono scese del 23.3% a 125.61 milioni di tonnellate, mentre le importazioni di carbone coke, utilizzato principalmente per la produzione di acciaio, sono aumentate del 9.7% a 47.6 milioni di tonnellate nel periodo aprile-gennaio dell’anno precedente.

Il settore elettrico rappresenta oltre i tre quarti del consumo di carbone in India e il carbone rappresenta quasi il 75% della produzione di energia elettrica del Paese.

L’India è al secondo posto nel mondo per il consumo di carbone, rappresentando circa l’84.8% del consumo totale mondiale di 1,139,471,430 tonnellate. L’India consuma 729,540 piedi cubi di carbone pro capite ogni anno (in base alla popolazione del 2016 di 1,324,517,249 persone), o 1,999 piedi cubi pro capite al giorno.

L’India non appoggia bensì i dissocia dalle sanzioni all’export poste in essere da Joe Biden.

After buying cheap Russian oil, India is now setting sights on its coal

«- India’s coal imports from Russia jumped in March to highs not seen in more than two years

-The European Commission last week proposed banning Russian coal as part of a new round of sanctions against Moscow

– Markets suspect that India and China may boost coal imports from Russia, offsetting some of the impact of a formalised EU ban on Russian coal import

– The White House has fired two ‘warning shots’ to date, pressuring India to be on the ‘right side of history’ and avoid aligning with Russia»

Dopo aver acquistato petrolio russo a basso costo, l’India punta anche sul suo carbone.

Le importazioni indiane di carbone dalla Russia sono salite a marzo a livelli mai visti in più di due anni.

La scorsa settimana la Commissione europea ha proposto di vietare il carbone russo nell’ambito di un nuovo ciclo di sanzioni contro Mosca.

I mercati sospettano che l’India e la Cina possano incrementare le importazioni di carbone dalla Russia, compensando in parte l’impatto di un divieto formale dell’UE sulle importazioni di carbone russo.

La Casa Bianca ha sparato due “colpi di avvertimento” fino ad oggi, facendo pressione sull’India affinché stia “dalla parte giusta della storia” ed eviti di allinearsi con la Russia.

                         Alcune considerazioni.

– Il sistema economico indiano ricava gran parte della energia elettrica utilizzata da centrali alimentate a carbone.

– L’enclave liberal occidentale ha sanzionato l’import di carbone russo, ma l’India, come tutti i paesi liberi, continuano ad importare il carbone russo semplicemente ignorando il diktat liberal.

– L’enclave liberal socialista occidentale ha perso il progresso potere di imporsi al mondo libero.

 * * * * * * *


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India will continue to buy oil from Russia.

India – Russia accordo per usare rupia e rublo come valute di scambio. – Sfregio a Biden.

India. Feb22. Import greggio +24% anno su anno. L’economia è in crescita.

 * * * * * * *


India’s annual coal output up 8.6%, supply up 18.4%

New Delhi, April 1 (Reuters) – India’s coal production rose 8.6% to 777.2 million tonnes during the year ended March 2022, the government said on Friday, driven by a surge in power demand due to an economic recovery after the relaxation of coronavirus-related restrictions.

India’s coal supply rose 18.4% to 818 million tonnes in the fiscal year 2021/22, the government said, with domestic supply exceeding annual output by 5.2% as consumers dipped into reserves to address higher demand.

India’s power supply rose over 8% in 2021/22, the highest rate of growth in ten years mainly due to a lower base in 2020/21, when consumption was battered by nationwide lockdowns to try to stop the spread of the coronavirus.

The electricity sector accounts for over three-fourths of India’s coal consumption, and coal accounts for nearly 75% of India’s power production.

The energy hungry nation’s coal imports from April 2021- January 2022 fell 16.4% to 173.20 million tonnes, compared with 207.24 million tonnes during the same period the previous year, government data shows.

Imports of non-coking coal, mainly used in power generation, fell 23.3% to 125.61 million tonnes, while imports of coking coal, predominantly used in steelmaking, rose 9.7% to 47.6 million tonnes in the April-January period year over year.

Production by so-called “captive mines,” where end-use of the fuel extracted is restricted for self-use, rose 29.5% to 89.6 million tonnes, the statement said.

The consumption of coal by India, the world’s second largest producer, consumer and importer of the fuel, is set to cross the 1 billion tonnes mark for the first time in the financial year 2021/22.

The government is yet to release official data on the imports of the fuel for the months of February and March.

State-run Coal India, which accounts for over 80% of the country’s domestic output of the fuel, saw its production grow 4.4% to a record 622.6 million tonnes during the year.

* * * * * * *


Coal India to import for first time in years as power shortages loom

New Delhi, May 28 (Reuters) – State-run Coal India, the world’s largest coal miner, will import the fuel for use by utilities, a power ministry letter seen by Reuters showed on Saturday, as shortages raise concerns about renewed power outages.

It would be the first time since 2015 that Coal India has imported the fuel, highlighting efforts by state and federal officials to stock up to avoid a repeat of April, when India faced its worst power cuts in more than six years.

“Coal India would import coal for blending on government-to-government (G2G) basis and supply … to thermal power plants of state generators and independent power producers (IPPs),” the federal Power Ministry said in the letter dated May 28.

The letter was sent to all utilities, top federal and state energy officials including the federal coal secretary and the chairman of Coal India.

India is expected to face a wider coal shortage during the third quarter of 2022 due to expectations of higher electricity demand, stoking fears of widespread power outages.  

The power ministry said in the letter the decision was taken after nearly all states suggested that multiple coal import tenders by states would lead to a confusion and sought centralised procurement through Coal India.

India stepped up pressure on utilities to increase imports to blend with local coal in recent days, warning of cuts to the supply of domestically mined coal if power plants did not build up coal inventories through imports.  

But the power ministry on Saturday asked states to suspend tenders that are “under process”.

“The tenders under process by state generators and IPPs for importing coal for blending may be kept in abeyance to await the price discovery by Coal India through G2G route, so as to procure coal at least possible rates,” the ministry said.

Coal inventories at power plants have declined by about 13% since April to the lowest pre-summer levels in years.

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