Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Stati Uniti

USA. Oct21. Rapporto Jolt. 11 milioni di posti scoperti.- Altra débâcle per Joe Biden.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-12-10.

2021-12-10__ Jolt 001

«What is JOLTS?

The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) is conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor. The program involves the monthly collection, processing, and dissemination of job openings and labor turnover data. The data, collected from sampled establishments on a voluntary basis, include employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations.

The number of unfilled jobs—used to calculate the job openings rate—is an important measure of the unmet demand for labor. With that statistic, it is possible to paint a more complete picture of the U.S. labor market than by looking solely at the unemployment rate, a measure of the excess supply of labor.

Information on labor turnover is valuable in the proper analysis and interpretation of labor market developments and as a complement to the unemployment rate.» [U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics]

Attenzione! Mentre il numero dei disoccupati, degli impiegati o dei riceventi sussidi sono macrodati statici, relativi al momento del rilevamento, i dati Jolt ne esaminano la struttura dinamica.

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«The number of job openings increased to 11.0 million on the last business day of October»

«On the last business day of October, the number of job openings increased to 11.0 million (+431,000)»

«In October, the number of hires was little changed at 6.5 million. The hires rate was unchanged at 4. percent»

«Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee»

«In October, the number of total separations edged down to 5.9 million (-255,000)»

«The number of quits decreased in October to 4.2 million (-205,000). The quits rate decreased to 2.8 percent»

«Over the 12 months ending in October 2021, hires totaled 73.8 million and separations totaled 68.1 million, yielding a net employment gain of 5.7 million»

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«The number of job openings increased to 11.0 million on the last business day of October»

“il numero di offerte di lavoro è aumentato a 11,0 milioni (+431.000)”

In altri termini, il sistema produttivo offre 11 milioni di posti di lavoro, che però restano scoperti per mancanza di figure professionali adeguate.

Quello che avrebbe potuto essere un ottimo macrodato diventa invece motivo di disillusione.

«The sheer number of jobs going begging in the US has put workers in the driver’s seat for the first time in decades, with many businesses boosting wages and sweetening benefits to lure scarce job hunters ….

But the financial cushion from federal coronavirus-pandemic aid that allowed workers to be more choosy about what position they take is dwindling after federal unemployment benefits expired in September ….

The US economy is still roughly four million jobs shy of regaining its pre-pandemic level from February 2020

A number of factors are believed to be contributing to the current shortfall in available workers, from fear of contracting COVID-19, to older workers opting to take early retirement, to Americans simply deciding to stop working for someone else and opening their own businesses instead.» [Fonte]

Questa è una altra débâcle per Joe Biden.

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US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Job openings and labor turnover – October 2021

The number of job openings increased to 11.0 million on the last business day of October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires were little changed at 6.5 million and total separations edged down to 5.9 million. Within separations, the quits rate decreased to 2.8 percent following a series high in September. The layoffs and discharges rate was unchanged at 0.9 percent. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the total nonfarm sector, by industry, by four geographic regions, and by establishment size class.

                         Job Openings.

On the last business day of October, the number of job openings increased to 11.0 million (+431,000). The job openings rate was little changed at 6.9 percent. Job openings increased in several industries with the largest increases in accommodation and food services (+254,000); nondurable goods manufacturing (+45,000); and educational services (+42,000). Job openings decreased in state and local government, excluding education (-115,000). The number of job openings increased in the South region. (See table 1.)

                         Hires.

In October, the number of hires was little changed at 6.5 million. The hires rate was unchanged at 4. percent. Hires decreased in finance and insurance (-96,000). Hires increased in educational services (+54,000) and in state and local government education (+37,000). The number of hires was little changed in all four regions. (See table 2.)

                         Separations.

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

In October, the number of total separations edged down to 5.9 million (-255,000). The total separations rate was little changed at 4.0 percent. Total separations decreased in finance and insurance (-88,000) and in transportation, warehousing, and utilities (-64,000). Total separations increased in state and local government, excluding education (+28,000). Total separations were little changed in all four regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits decreased in October to 4.2 million (-205,000). The quits rate decreased to 2.8 percent. Quits decreased in several industries with the largest decreases in transportation, warehousing, and utilities (-57,000); finance and insurance (-45,000); and arts, entertainment, and recreation (-33,000). Quits increased in state and local government, excluding education (+21,000) and in mining and logging (+6,000). The number of quits was little changed in all four regions. (See table 4.)

In October, the number of layoffs and discharges was little changed at 1.4 million. The layoffs and discharges rate was unchanged at 0.9 percent. Layoffs and discharges were little changed in all industries and in all four regions. (See table 5.)

The number of other separations was little changed in October at 373,000. Other separations decreased in finance and insurance (-33,000). The number of other separations increased in state and local government, excluding education (+8,000). Other separations were little changed in all four regions. (See table 6.)

                         Net Change in Employment.

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even if the hires level is steady or rising.

Over the 12 months ending in October 2021, hires totaled 73.8 million and separations totaled 68.1 million, yielding a net employment gain of 5.7 million. These totals include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

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Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Technical Note

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

Un pensiero riguardo “USA. Oct21. Rapporto Jolt. 11 milioni di posti scoperti.- Altra débâcle per Joe Biden.

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