Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio, Diplomazia, Geopolitica Asiatica

Myanmar. La Cina riannoda salde relazioni politiche ed economiche. Oceano Indiano.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-02.

2021-09-03__ Myanmar Cina 001

Negli ultimi trenta anni la Cina si è evoluta da paese misero a primaria potenza politica, militare ed economica.

La ricetta di simile sviluppo è semplice, financo banale: trattative bilaterali su base paritetica e nessuna interferenza negli affari interni dei paesi contraenti.

È l’esatto opposto di quanto propugna il credo liberal, che erge i suoi seguaci al rango di giudici universali inappellabili, che condannano e sanzionano chiunque non si sottometta alla loro ideologia.

Il risultato finale di tale visione del mondo è stata la débâcle in Afghanistan, che ha fatto perdere ogni credibilità nell’America e la ha declassata da grande potenza ad un mesto ruolo locoregionale.

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«China’s special envoy for Asian Affairs Sun Guoxiang visited Myanmar last week for talks with its military rulers, as a new route spanning the Southeast Asian nation opened up connecting Chinese trade flows to the Indian Ocean»

«As opposed to most Western countries that have condemned the army for ousting the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi, China has taken a softer line and said its priorities are stability and not interfering in its neighbour»

«During his Aug. 21 to Aug. 28 visit, Sun met military ruler Min Aung Hlaing as well as foreign minister Wunna Maung Lwin and Minister for the Union Government Office Yar Pyae and “exchanged views with them on the political landscape in Myanmar”»

«We will work together with the international community to play a constructive role in Myanmar’s efforts to restore social stability and resume democratic transformation at an early date»

«China supported Myanmar working with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to implement a five-point consensus aimed at resolving the crisis and “opposes undue external intervention”»

«it was possible Myanmar’s other big neighbour India could decide to follow suit»

«China’s embassy in Myanmar announced the opening of the new trade route linking Yangon’s port on the Indian Ocean to the Chinese border province of Yunnan and by rail onwards to Chengdu in the southwestern province of Sichuan»

«Successful testing of the new Indian Ocean route is an important breakthrough in strengthening China-Myanmar trade relations»

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Poter utilizzare il porto di Yangon, significa per la Cina disporre di un accesso sicuro sull’Oceano Indiano, a poco meno di mille kilometri di strada ferrata dal centro logistico di Chengdu. Accorcia di circa sette migliaia di kilometri la lunghezza delle rotte marittime con la Cina, evitando il passaggio attraverso lo stretto di Malacca, posto a 1,956 kilometri di distanza in linea di aria.

La Cina non si cura minimamente di cosa stiano pensano glio ccidentali. Proprio per nulla.

Non solo.

Per il Myanmar genera una occasione unica di generare posti di lavoro qualificati, qualificare il porto di Yangon, generano altresì un indotto di tutto rispetto economico.

Poi, a Cina aveva già provveduto a costruire una linea ferroviaria ad alta velocità tra Chengdu e Lincang.

Chinese High-Speed Rail Network Reaches Myanmar’s Border

«The opening of the Chengdu-Lincang line will further mainland Southeast Asia’s historic reorientation toward the north.

Lost among the torrent of disheartening news from Myanmar was a report on the official opening of a new rail line bringing China’s high-speed railway network to the country’s border with Myanmar. The recently completed railway runs from Chengdu, the capital of China’s Sichuan province, to Lincang, a prefecture-level city in Yunnan province opposite the town of Chinshwehaw in Myanmar’s Shan State. ….

the railway’s opening ceremony on August 25 that the border would function as an important node of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and would work to write a new chapter in the history of friendly “paukphaw” relations between Myanmar and China.

The new rail line is just the latest in a flurry of transport links that have bound Yunnan province, once a sparsely populated frontier region at the outer reaches of the Chinese empire, into China’s dense highway and rail network. It also reflects the long process of China’s deepening integration with Myanmar and the other nations of mainland Southeast Asia.»

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China envoy visits Myanmar as new route to Indian Ocean opened.

China’s special envoy for Asian Affairs Sun Guoxiang visited Myanmar last week for talks with its military rulers, as a new route spanning the Southeast Asian nation opened up connecting Chinese trade flows to the Indian Ocean.

As opposed to most Western countries that have condemned the army for ousting the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi, China has taken a softer line and said its priorities are stability and not interfering in its neighbour.

During his Aug. 21 to Aug. 28 visit, Sun met military ruler Min Aung Hlaing as well as foreign minister Wunna Maung Lwin and Minister for the Union Government Office Yar Pyae and “exchanged views with them on the political landscape in Myanmar”, China’s foreign ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin said on Tuesday.

“We will work together with the international community to play a constructive role in Myanmar’s efforts to restore social stability and resume democratic transformation at an early date,” Wang told a regular news briefing in Beijing, when asked about Sun’s trip.

China supported Myanmar working with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to implement a five-point consensus aimed at resolving the crisis and “opposes undue external intervention”, Wang said.

Opponents of Myanmar’s junta have accused China of supporting February’s military takeover that has sparked daily protests leading to hundreds of deaths and thousands displaced by fighting between the army and hastily formed militias.

Beijing has rejected such accusations and said it backs regional diplomacy on the crisis.

A spokesman for Myanmar’s National Unity Government made up of opponents of military rule did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the Chinese visit.

But members of the shadow government have previously urged countries to deal with them rather than the military.

“China seems to be endorsing the junta by the way it is conducting diplomacy,” said Sai Wansai, a political analyst from the Shan ethnic minority, who said it was possible Myanmar’s other big neighbour India could decide to follow suit.

Separately, China’s embassy in Myanmar announced the opening of the new trade route linking Yangon’s port on the Indian Ocean to the Chinese border province of Yunnan and by rail onwards to Chengdu in the southwestern province of Sichuan.

“Successful testing of the new Indian Ocean route is an important breakthrough in strengthening China-Myanmar trade relations,” the embassy said on its Facebook page.