Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Stati Uniti

USA. 2020. Import ed Export. All commodities. Radiografia degli Stati Uniti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-08-02.

Casa Bianca

USA. Imports and Exports. World. All Commodities. Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%).

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                         Exports.

The value of merchandise exports from USA totalled $ 1.43 trillion in 2020. Overall commodity exports from USA decreased by 13% compared to 2019. Merchandise exports decreased by $ 214 billion (the value of merchandise exports from USA amounted to $1.64 trillion in 2019).

                         USA’s exports 2020 by country.

Top export destinations of commodities from USA in 2020:

Canada with a share of 17.8% (255 billion US$)

Mexico with a share of 14.8% (212 billion US$)

China with a share of 8.71% (124 billion US$)

Japan with a share of 4.48% (64 billion US$)

United Kingdom with a share of 4.12% (58 billion US$)

Germany with a share of 3.99% (57 billion US$)

Korea with a share of 3.58% (51 billion US$)

Netherlands with a share of 3.18% (45 billion US$)

Brazil with a share of 2.45% (35 billion US$)

Other Asia, nes with a share of 2.13% (30 billion US$)

                         Exports structure from USA in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

11.9% (170 billion US$): 84 – Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

11.3% (161 billion US$): 85 – Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles

10.8% (155 billion US$): 27 – Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes

7.35% (105 billion US$): 87 – Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

6.74% (96 billion US$): 90 – Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof

5.65% (80 billion US$): 88 – Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof

4.24% (60 billion US$): 39 – Plastics and articles thereof

4.11% (58 billion US$): 71 – Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin

3.76% (53 billion US$): 30 – Pharmaceutical products

3% (42 billion US$): 99 – Commodities not specified according to kind

                         What did USA export in 2020?

USA’s Top Exports in 2020:

4.24% ($60 billion): 2710 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.

3.51% ($50 billion): 2709 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.

3.19% ($45 billion): 8703 – Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.

3.1% ($44 billion): 8542 – Electronic integrated circuits and microassemblies.

2.33% ($33 billion): 2711 – Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons.

2.31% ($33 billion): 8708 – Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.

1.95% ($28 billion): 9018 – Instruments and appliances used in medical, surgical, dental or veterinary sciences, including scintigraphic apparatus, other electro-medical apparatus and sight-testing instruments.

1.91% ($27 billion): 8525 – Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.

1.86% ($26 billion): 8471 – Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.

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                         Imports.

The value of merchandise imports to USA totalled $ 2.4 trillion in 2020. Overall commodity imports to USA decreased by 6.31% compared to 2019. Merchandise imports decreased by $ 162 billion (the value of merchandise imports to USA was equal to $2.56 trillion in 2019).

                         USA’s imports 2020 by country.

Top trading partners (import sources) of USA in 2020:

China with a share of 19% (457 billion US$)

Mexico with a share of 13.6% (328 billion US$)

Canada with a share of 11.4% (276 billion US$)

Japan with a share of 5.09% (122 billion US$)

Germany with a share of 4.88% (117 billion US$)

Vietnam with a share of 3.45% (83 billion US$)

Korea with a share of 3.25% (78 billion US$)

Switzerland with a share of 3.13% (75 billion US$)

Ireland with a share of 2.73% (65 billion US$)

Other Asia, nes with a share of 2.59% (62 billion US$)

                         Imports structure to USA in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

15.1% (364 billion US$): 84 – Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

13.9% (336 billion US$): 85 – Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles

10.5% (254 billion US$): 87 – Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

5.79% (139 billion US$): 30 – Pharmaceutical products

5.4% (130 billion US$): 27 – Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes

4.35% (104 billion US$): 71 – Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin

4.26% (102 billion US$): 99 – Commodities not specified according to kind

3.93% (94 billion US$): 90 – Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof

2.72% (65 billion US$): 94 – Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings

2.61% (62 billion US$): 39 – Plastics and articles thereof

                         What did USA import in 2020?

USA’s Top Imports in 2020:

6.05% ($145 billion): 8703 – Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.

4.8% ($115 billion): 8471 – Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.

4.17% ($100 billion): 8525 – Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.

3.4% ($81 billion): 3004 – Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.

3.39% ($81 billion): 2709 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.

2.49% ($60 billion): 8708 – Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.

2.13% ($51 billion): 3002 – Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products.

1.5% ($36 billion): 2710 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.

1.44% ($34 billion): 7108 – Gold (including gold plated with platinum) unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms, or in powder form.

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