Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Cina

Cina. 2020. Investimenti esteri +81% YoY. Superano quelli negli Usa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-04-07.

Cina 014

«Global foreign direct investment (FDI) plunged by 49% in the first half of 2020 from the same period a year ago and is on course to fall as much as 40% for the year, driven by fears of a deep recession»

«FDI flows to European economies turned negative for the first time ever, falling to -$7 billion from $202 billion»

«Flows to the United States fell by 61% to $51 billion»

«Global FDI fell to $399 billion as multinationals postponed investments to preserve cash»

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«China last year attracted 520.6 billion U.S. dollars of foreign investment, up by 81 percent from 2019»

«foreign direct investment into the Chinese mainland grew by 14 percent in 2020»

«In 2020, China’s securities market saw net inflows of overseas funds totaling 254.7 billion dollars, a surge of 73 percent year on year»

«As at the end of 2020, China’s banking sector recorded external financial assets of USD 1,372.4 billion, external liabilities of USD 1,484.7 billion»

«Net inflows into Chinese bonds jumped by 86 percent from a year ago to 190.5 billion dollars, while that into equities reached 64.1 billion dollars, up by 43 percent year on year»

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«China brought in $163 billion in inflows last year, compared to $134 billion attracted by the U.S»

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Le parole si prestano di questi tempi ad essere manipolate, ed i commenti su dati e fatti sono di norma tentativi di giustificare il proprio od altrui operato. Nei fatti, molto spesso sono menzogneri.

I dati numerici  si prestano molto meno alla contraffazione, e per di più sono spesso corroborabili usando altri dati ed altre fonti. Se propriamente citate, le statstiche sono reali.

Tuttavia un dato di fatto risulta essere incontrovertibile.

Quando una pletora di persone e di enti fa migrare il proprio sudato denaro da un posto ad un altro, questo ultimo deve sicuramente essere più sicuro, accogliente e remunerativo. In poche parole, è più libero di altri. Tutte le restanti parole ed i commenti eruditi sono solo aria fritta.

Orbene, mentre gli investimenti diretti stranieri globali si contraevano lo scorso anno del 40% – 50%, i foreign direct investment verso la Cina hanno raggiunto lo scorso anno 2020 i 520.6 miliardi di Usd, con una variazione percentuale del +81% rispetto a quelli dello scorso 2019, in epoca pre-Covid, superando ampiamente quelli diretti negli Stati Uniti.

«As at the end of 2020, China’s banking sector recorded external financial assets of USD 1,372.4 billion, external liabilities of USD 1,484.7 billion»

Questo è il vero volto della Cina: il resto sono solo calunnie malevoli quanto maldestre.

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China surpasses U.S. as largest recipient of foreign direct investment.

– China brought in $163 billion in inflows last year, compared to $134 billion attracted by the U.S., the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development wrote in a report released on Sunday.

– In 2019, the U.S. received $251 billion in inflows and China received $140 billion.

– Overall, the report found that foreign direct investment tanked globally, as the Covid-19 pandemic brought countries large and small to virtual stand-stills.

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SAFE Releases China’s International Investment Position as at the End of 2020.

As at the end of 2020, China’s external financial assets reached USD 8703.9 billion, external financial liabilities reached USD 6553.6 billion, and net external assets totaled USD 2150.3 billion.

        In the external financial assets, direct investment assets amounted to USD 2413.4 billion, portfolio investment assets, USD 899.9 billion, financial derivative assets, USD 19.1 billion, other investment assets, USD 2014.9 billion, and reserves assets, USD 3356.5 billion, accounting for 28 percent, 10 percent, 0.2 percent, 23 percent and 39 percent of external financial assets respectively.

       In external liabilities, direct investment liabilities were USD 3179.3 billion, portfolio investment liabilities, USD 1954.5 billion, financial derivative liabilities, USD 12.2 billion and other investment liabilities, USD 1407.6 billion, accounting for 49 percent, 30 percent, 0.2 percent and 21 percent of the external financial liabilities respectively.

    In SDR terms, China’s external financial assets and liabilities reached SDR 6043.2 billion and SDR 4550.3 billion respectively, and external net assets totaled SDR 1493 billion at the end of 2020.

The SAFE has revised the IIP data since 2004 according to the latest data and released it through the section of “Data and Statistics” at the official website of the SAFE.

In addition, in order to facilitate understanding of the data of Balance of Payments and International Investment Position among all data users, the BOP Analysis Team of the SAFE released China’s Balance of Payments Report 2020.(End)

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SAFE Releases Data on External Financial Assets and Liabilities of China’s Banking Sector as at the End of 2020.

As at the end of 2020, China’s banking sector recorded external financial assets of USD 1372.4 billion, external liabilities of USD 1484.7 billion, and net external liabilities of USD 112.3 billion including net RMB liabilities of USD 435.6 billion and net foreign currency assets of USD 323.4 billion.

Among the external financial assets of the banking sector, by instrument, deposits and loans were USD 1003.3 billion, bonds investment, USD 181.6 billion, and other assets including equity, USD 187.5 billion, accounting for 73 percent, 13 percent and 14 percent of the sector’s total external financial assets respectively. By currency, RMB assets were USD 149.6 billion, USD assets were USD 943 billion, and other currency assets were USD 279.9 billion, accounting for 11 percent, 69 percent and 20 percent respectively. By counterpart sector, the amount invested in the overseas banking sector was USD 708.4 billion, accounting for 52 percent; the amount invested in the overseas non-banking sector was USD 664 billion, accounting for 48 percent.

Among the external liabilities of the banking sector, by instrument, deposits and loans were USD 809.5 billion, bonds investment, USD 291.6 billion, and other liabilities including equity, USD 383.5 billion, accounting for 55 percent, 20 percent and 26 percent of the sector’s total external liabilities respectively. By currency, RMB liabilities were USD 585.2 billion, USD liabilities, USD 561.4 billion, and other currency liabilities, USD 338.1 billion, accounting for 39 percent, 38 percent and 23 percent respectively. By counterpart sector, USD 613.4 billion was from overseas banking sector, accounting for 41 percent; while USD 871.3 billion was from overseas non-banking sector, accounting for 59 percent. (End)

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Foreign investment in China up 81 pct in 2020.

Beijing, April 4 (Xinhua) — China last year attracted 520.6 billion U.S. dollars of foreign investment, up by 81 percent from 2019, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) said in a report.

Amid China’s steady economic recovery and improved business climate, foreign direct investment into the Chinese mainland grew by 14 percent in 2020, the report said.

In 2020, China’s securities market saw net inflows of overseas funds totaling 254.7 billion dollars, a surge of 73 percent year on year, SAFE data showed.

Net inflows into Chinese bonds jumped by 86 percent from a year ago to 190.5 billion dollars, while that into equities reached 64.1 billion dollars, up by 43 percent year on year.

The report attributed the significant growth in Chinese securities’ overseas holdings to the country’s promising economic development prospects, prudent monetary policy, and high-level opening up of the financial market. Enditem

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Global foreign direct investment halved in first six months of 2020, U.N. says.

GENEVA (Reuters) – Global foreign direct investment (FDI) plunged by 49% in the first half of 2020 from the same period a year ago and is on course to fall as much as 40% for the year, driven by fears of a deep recession, the United Nations said on Tuesday.

FDI flows to European economies turned negative for the first time ever, falling to -$7 billion from $202 billion. Flows to the United States fell by 61% to $51 billion, the U.N. Conference for Trade and Development (UNCTAD) said in a report.

Global FDI fell to $399 billion as multinationals postponed investments to preserve cash, it said.

“Global FDI flows for the first half of this year went down by close to half … It was more drastic than we expected for the whole year,” James Zhan, director of UNCTAD’s investment and enterprise division, told a news conference.

The flows are expected to decline by 30% to 40% this year and “moderately” in 2021, by 5% to 10%, Zhan said.

The figures cover cross-border mergers and acquisitions, new greenfield investment projects and project finance deals.

Industrialised countries, which normally account for some 80% of global transactions, were hardest hit, with flows falling to $98 billion, a level last seen in 1994, the report said.

Among major FDI recipients in 2019, flows declined most strongly in Italy, the United States, Brazil and Australia.

China was bucking the trend, Zhan said.

“Their FDI flows remain relatively stable. For the first half of the year the decline was really modest and in fact according to the latest data, for the first nine months altogether this year FDI into China increased by 2.5%,” he said.

Most FDI investment in China was in electronic commerce services, specialised technology services, and research and development, Zhan said.