Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, Russia, Stati Uniti

Usa. A settembre mette in linea i primi sistemi ipersonici.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-02-27.

2021-02-23__ Usa Ipersonici 001

«this is one situation where American ingenuity has really come to light»

«Following conflicts over trade, technology, and capital markets, rising political tensions between the US and China will continue under the Biden administration»

«For instance, the US Army is expected to equip its first unit with hypersonic equipment this fall.»

«The Pentagon is far behind in the hypersonic races with China and Russia»

«A hypersonic unit within the Army will begin training with all the equipment it needs to launch these new weapons»

«the equipment will be delivered to the unit by September»

«The unit will be supplied with a vast number of launchers, trucks, trailers, computer systems, and other pieces of equipment to begin training in early 2022»

«the live round is the only piece of equipment that won’t be delivered this fall. It was noted that the weapon itself will be delivered in 2023»

« the US Department of Defense (DoD) successfully launched a common hypersonic glide body (C-HGB) missile from the Pacific Missile Range Facility, Kauai, Hawaii»

«The DoD …. must desperately catch up with China and Russia»

«Lockheed Martin is the weapon system integrator for the Army’s hypersonic capability that will be launched from a mobile truck»

«the upcoming test profiles because they are classified»

«both China and Russia are actively developing and testing their respective hypersonic weapons»

«Production, especially high-end production, is part engineering and part art; and so the engineering piece you can learn through drawings and those kind of things, but the art of it is always the hardest part, so that’s why we chose an in-person, face-to-face, leader-follower [strategy] — that institutional knowledge that everybody has in every profession that’s never written down»

* * * * * * *

«the upcoming test profiles because they are classified»

Gli Stati Uniti stanno cercando di rimontare velocemente il divario tecnologico nei confronti della Russia e della Cina.

Essendo coperte dal massimo segreto militare, le caratteristiche del sistema e del missile ipersonico sono ignote.

Tuttavia alcuni ragionamenti potrebbero essere azzardati, da prendersi poi con molto buon senso.

Russia e Cina hanno sviluppato i missili ipersonici in gran quota come missili anti-nave, per cercare di contrastare la supremazia americana delle navi portaerei e di quelle dotate di missili di media – lunga gittata.

Ma, almeno al momento attuale, né la Russia né la Cina hanno una flotta militare di importanza tale da poter essere considerata obiettivo primario. Per esclusione, il nuovo missile americano potrebbe essere stato progettato per colpire le isole artificiali, oppure anche il territorio cinese.

Sono solo ipotesi, ovviamente.

*


US Army Prepares To Equip Unit With Hypersonic Capability 

Following conflicts over trade, technology, and capital markets, rising political tensions between the US and China will continue under the Biden administration.

For instance, the US Army is expected to equip its first unit with hypersonic equipment this fall. The Pentagon is far behind in the hypersonic races with China and Russia. 

A hypersonic unit within the Army will begin training with all the equipment it needs to launch these new weapons, according to Lt. Gen. L. Neil Thurgood, director of the Army’s Rapid Capabilities and Critical Technologies Office, who spoke with Defense News.

Thurgood said the equipment will be delivered to the unit by September. 

“By the end of this fiscal year, which is in September, all of the equipment that the unit needs plus training will be delivered to the unit,” he said. 

The unit will be supplied with a vast number of launchers, trucks, trailers, computer systems, and other pieces of equipment to begin training in early 2022. 

Thurgood declined to tell Defense News which unit will receive the equipment. He said the live round is the only piece of equipment that won’t be delivered this fall. It was noted that the weapon itself will be delivered in 2023. 

Thurgood did not comment on the type of hypersonic weapon the unit will be receiving. However, we noted last March, the US Department of Defense (DoD) successfully launched a common hypersonic glide body (C-HGB) missile from the Pacific Missile Range Facility, Kauai, Hawaii.

The DoD has been allocating more funds to hypersonic programs for upcoming military budgets as it must desperately catch up with China and Russia. 

Senator James Inhofe, a senior Republican from oil-producing Oklahoma and Senate Armed Services Chairman, told Defense News in 2019 that DoD’s hypersonic testing labs were inadequate. He said, “dilapidated testing infrastructure is holding us back from catching up to our enemies. Just look at hypersonic weapons: Beijing is parading around dozens of its newest weapons, and we have yet to build one.”

*


US Army begins equipping first unit with hypersonic capability

The U.S. Army expects to deliver — in a little more than 200 days from start to finish — the first hypersonic weapon capability to a unit, a service official said.

The Army has sent that unit the equipment it needs to prepare for a rigorous training program, according to Lt. Gen. L. Neil Thurgood, director of the Army’s Rapid Capabilities and Critical Technologies Office.

While the Army has worked with industry to build the hypersonic weapon glide body industrial base, it has also separately produced launchers, trucks, trailers and the battle operation center needed to put together a ground-launched hypersonic weapon battery.

“By the end of this fiscal year, which is in September, all of the equipment that the unit needs plus training will be delivered to the unit,” Thurgood told Defense News in a Feb. 8 interview.

Lockheed Martin is the weapon system integrator for the Army’s hypersonic capability that will be launched from a mobile truck. Dynetics was chosen to build the hypersonic glide body for the missile.

Thurgood declined to identify the unit chosen to accept the first hypersonic battery. He noted that the company, battalion and brigade commanders have all been selected.

The only element that won’t be delivered to the unit until fiscal 2023 is a live round. However, on March 8, Thurgood said he will personally deliver the first two training canisters for the unit to use for end-to-end kill chain training.

Once that unit has the necessary equipment, it will begin training in October to prepare for the first joint flight campaign test that’s scheduled with the Navy for the first quarter of FY22, Thurgood said. The unit will also prepare for subsequent tests in the fourth quarter of FY22 and the second quarter of FY23.

The unit will not participate in the hypersonic flight test scheduled for the third quarter of FY21.

Thurgood would not detail the upcoming test profiles because they are classified. However, the first test of the Common-Hypersonic Glide Body, or C-HGB, took place in March 2020 when a missile was launched from the Pacific Missile Range Facility in Kauai, Hawaii, and hit its target within 6 inches, then-Army Secretary Ryan McCarthy said at the Association of the U.S. Army’s annual conference in October.

Hypersonic weapons are capable of flying faster than Mach 5 — beyond the speed of sound — and can maneuver between varying altitudes and azimuths, making it difficult to detect. The C-HGB is made up of the weapon’s warhead, guidance system, cabling and thermal protection shield.

The U.S. is in a race to field hypersonic weapon capability as well as develop systems to defend against hypersonic missiles as both China and Russia are actively developing and testing their respective hypersonic weapons.

Meanwhile, Dynetics is preparing to build the first hypersonic glide bodies at its facility in Huntsville, Alabama, after learning how to do so from the federally funded Sandia National Laboratories. These glide bodies will be the first ever produced within the U.S. industrial base.

“The transition is going well,” Thurgood said. Dynetics has spent almost 18 months at Sandia learning how to build the glide body and also taking a crack at building it by itself at the laboratory, with Sandia looking on and offering guidance where necessary. Sandia representatives will be at the Dynetics’ facility when the glide body building begins to continue looking over the shoulders of those performing the work.

“Transitioning production technology is not as easy as people might perceive it to be,” Thurgood said. “Production, especially high-end production, is part engineering and part art; and so the engineering piece you can learn through drawings and those kind of things, but the art of it is always the hardest part, so that’s why we chose an in-person, face-to-face, leader-follower [strategy] — that institutional knowledge that everybody has in every profession that’s never written down.”

The other challenge in building the industrial base, Thurgood noted, is creating an entire supply chain, and not just focusing on the top tier, like Dynetics. This kind of work has required an almost daily focus on how the pieces are coming together, he said.

And the pressure to move quickly to build glide bodies is demanding, given the rigorous test schedule ahead. Building a new industrial base for hypersonic missiles would be difficult in a normal world, but having to do so under pandemic restrictions has been even more challenging, Thurgood said.

But one positive, he added, is that the companies involved are “innovative” in terms of what can be done from home such as working on drawings, which would have traditionally been done at a facility. Where touch labor is necessary, workers are spacing themselves out accordingly, wearing protective equipment and adjusting shifts, he said.

“You know, some smaller companies are challenged; we’re watching that every day,” Thurgood said. “You know, it might have been a week delay here, we make it up by shifting process around, shifting sequence around, but this is one situation where American ingenuity has really come to light.”

Un pensiero riguardo “Usa. A settembre mette in linea i primi sistemi ipersonici.

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