«This is key moment in our history, how much is sovereignty worth, a billion, several dozen billion, several hundred billion euros? For us it’s priceless»
Il blocco liberal socialista europeo vorrebbe condizionare il Recovery Fund, così come gran parte del budget settennale, alla piena e totale accettazione del ‘rule of law’. In poche parole ad accettare l’ideologia liberal ed i giudizi emessi dalle corti di giustizia europee composte da giudici liberal: chi acconsentisse perderebbe così la propria sovranità nazionale.
‘Maggioranza politica non può dire cos’è Stato di diritto’. Orban conferma il veto.
Il primo ministro sloveno ha annunciato il suo sostegno al veto di Ungheria e Polonia sul Recovery Plan. “Solo un organo giudiziario indipendente può dire cos’è lo Stato di diritto, non una maggioranza politica”, ha scritto Janez Jansa in una lettera inviata il 17 novembre al presidente del Consiglio europeo Charles Michel e di cui l’agenza France Presse ha preso visione.
In mattinata il premier ungherese ha confermato il veto del suo Paese.
Con il Recovery Plan l’Ue “vuol ricattare chi si oppone all’ immigrazione”, ha detto ribadendo che non ci sarà “accordo senza criteri oggettivi e la possibilità di fare ricorso”. L’Ungheria sostiene che una volta adottato il Recovery “non ci saranno più ostacoli per vincolare gli Stati membri ai meccanismi di sostegno all’immigrazione”.
Appello del commissario all’economia, Paolo Gentiloni, ai leader Ue perché approvino il Next Generation EU al più presto. “L’accordo è stato ostacolato questa settimana, ma un’entrata in vigore del Next Generation è cruciale per mettere le nostre economie su un sentiero di ripresa”, ha detto Gentiloni, chiedendo ai leader di mostrare “un forte senso di responsabilità verso i loro cittadini e verso tutti gli europei”.
The Slovenian chief executive took the same line when he criticized a part of the European recovery plan requiring respect for the rule of law.
Budapest and Warsaw feel less alone. The Slovenian Prime Minister in turn denounced the mechanism linking the payment of funds from the European recovery plan to respect for the rule of law, thus supporting Hungary and Poland in the standoff between them. opposes the EU.
“Only an independent judicial body can say what the rule of law is, not a political majority,” wrote Janez Jansa in a letter to European Council President Charles Michel on Tuesday. Slovenia was not, however, opposed Monday, at a meeting of representatives of the countries of the European Union, to the adoption of the budget and the recovery plan, blocked by Budapest and Warsaw. This position taken by Jansa therefore promises even more difficult discussions on Thursday, during the European summit officially devoted to the fight against the coronavirus pandemic.
Hungary put it back on Wednesday, judging that if the stimulus plan was adopted, there would be “no more obstacles to binding member states to common mechanisms to support immigration”. Europe will be able “to use financial means to blackmail countries which oppose immigration,” Prime Minister Viktor Orban said in a statement posted on Twitter. “No procedure aimed at penalizing member states should be founded without objective criteria and without the possibility of legal recourse,” he wrote.
Slovenian Prime Minister Janez Jansa, a close friend of his Hungarian counterpart, denounces “a double standard” in his four page letter. He evokes the authoritarian experience lived under communism by many countries which joined the EU after 2004, which today refuse to cede parts of their sovereignty to the qualified majority.
“The dilemma before us is very simple”
The adoption of the plan requires the unanimity of the 27, while Poland and Hungary oppose the establishment of this unprecedented mechanism providing for sanctioning countries which flout democracy. European funds accounted for around 4.48% of Hungary’s gross national product in 2019, one of the highest rates among member countries. Budapest should benefit from 16.7 billion in subsidies and potential credits.
European heads of state and government had agreed in July, after four days and four nights of a marathon summit. They had adopted a recovery plan to deal with the crisis caused by the Covid-19 disease, for a total amount of 750 billion euros backed by a “multiannual financial framework” (2021-2027) of more than 1000 billion euros. “The dilemma before us is very simple. Respecting the July agreement is a responsible approach for the future of the EU. Failure to respect it would not be,” concluded the Slovenian head of government.
The Slovenian Prime Minister Janez Janša has announced his support of Hungary and Poland in their standoff against the EU after the two Central European nations followed through on their threat to veto the EU’s historic €1.8tn budget over a clause that ties funding with adherence to the rule-of-law.
“Only an independent judiciary can say what the rule-of-law is, not a political majority”, wrote Janez Janša in a letter sent on November 17 to the President of the European Council, Charles Michel.
In this four-page letter, the Slovenian Prime Minister, a close friend of Viktor Orbán, denounces “a double standard”, and evokes the authoritarian experience lived under communism by many countries which joined the European Union after 2004, which today refuse to cede parts of their sovereignty.
Unlike Hungary and Poland, Slovenia did not veto the adoption of the massive budget, which includes €750bn for a COVID recovery fund, during a meeting of representatives of the countries of the EU on Monday.
Needing a unanimous vote from all 27 members in order to pass the bloc’s seven-year budget and recovery package, ambassadors were thus unable to endorse the massive financial plan aimed at rebuilding Europe’s shattered economy.
The veto is likely to delay the delivery of the much-needed rescue package.
German ambassador Michael Clauss, who chaired the meeting, warned that the EU would face “a serious crisis” if the financial package was not quickly adopted and delivered. “We have already lost a lot of time in view of the second pandemic wave and the severe economic damage,” he added.
Budapest and Warsaw, who have long been at odds with the EU over the issue of declining democratic norms, are stauchly opposed to the clause that could see them lose billions in EU subsidies should they continue with policies seen as eroding democracy.
The two countries are currently under investigation for undermining the independence of courts, media and non-governmental organisations.