Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio

Cina. Le severe sanzioni all’Australia sono un drastico monito per tutto il mondo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-11-17.

Cina 015 Fiore di loto

Il caso è, o dovrebbe essere ben noto.

Australia. New South Wales. Un caso di corruzione molto istruttivo.

Australian state premier had secret relationship with China-linked politician

Cina mette dazi severi sull’orzo australiano. Relazioni deteriorate.

Australia. Le variazioni climatiche erano incendi dolosi. 183 arresti.

Nazioni Unite ‘mange les pissenlits par la racine.’. La Australia.

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Negli ultimi anni i governi australiani hanno svolto una intensa attività diplomatica criticando aspramente la politica interna cinese, usando anche toni duri e tranchant.

Per tutti questi lunghi anni la Cina ha mantenuto la calma ed ha risposto in via diplomatica, pacatamente, come sua abitudine.

Adesso la Cina ha cambiato registro.

China’s Coal Import Ban Has More Bark Than Bite

China-Australia Spat Strands 400 Seafarers as Human Crisis Looms

Stranded Coal Ships Caught in Crosshairs of China-Australia Spat

China Says Australian ‘Words and Deeds’ to Blame for Dispute

China Says Australia Knows What’s Needed to Improve Ties

China Turns to Lobsters, Wine and Coal to ‘Punish’ Australia

China Considers More Economic Pain for Australia on Virus Spat

Ha imposto all’Australia severi dazi, ha sospeso le importazioni di molte merci, ha esortato i concittadini a non viaggiare in Australia, astenendosi dal comprare merci australiane.

La manganellata commerciale ha inferto un duro colpo all’Australia, già alle prese con una profonda crisi economica, con gli incendi e con la epidemia quasi fuori controllo.

Il punto focale consiste nel fatto che mentre per l’Australia l’export verso la Cina era essenziale al suo sistema economico produttivo, al contrario per la Cina l’import che acquisiva in Australia se lo può facilmente procurare altrove.

È l’Australia ad avere bisogno della Cina, non la Cina dell’Australia.

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«Australia is showing the rest of the world just how bad things can get when you stand up to China»

«Ties between the two key trading partners have been strained since 2018 when Canberra barred Huawei from building its 5G network»

«But relations have really been in the deep freeze since Prime Minister Scott Morrison’s government in April led calls for an inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus outbreak»

«Economic retribution has been swift and wide-ranging»

«Beijing has placed crippling tariffs on Australia’s barley exports, halted beef imports from several large meat plants, warned its citizens against holidaying or studying in Australia and ordered traders to stop buying at least seven commodities including coal, copper and wine»

«34% The proportion of Australian exports shipped to China in 2019»

«A$252 billion The value of two-way trade between Australia and China»

«41% The proportion of Australians who view China as more of a security threat than an economic partner»

«Beijing’s retaliation comes at a bad time as Australia tries to pull out of its first recession in almost 29 years»

«the one-sided trade war shows China’s propensity to use trade as a diplomatic cudgel and demonstrates its brand of aggressive “wolf warrior” diplomacy»

«In a bid to create a unified stance against Chinese expansionism, Australia is seeking to beef up its role in alliances such as the U.S.-backed Quad and Five Eyes intelligence-sharing network.»

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Ma il problema è ben più complesso.

«Australia is showing the rest of the world just how bad things can get when you stand up to China»

Già.

La lezione impartita all’Australia è anche un warning a tutto il resto del mondo.

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Standing Up to China Comes at a High Price for Australia.

Australia is showing the rest of the world just how bad things can get when you stand up to China.

Ties between the two key trading partners have been strained since 2018 when Canberra barred Huawei from building its 5G network. But relations have really been in the deep freeze since Prime Minister Scott Morrison’s government in April led calls for an inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus outbreak — a move that bruised China’s pride and unleashed a torrent of criticism that Australia is a puppet of the U.S.

Economic retribution has been swift and wide-ranging. Beijing has placed crippling tariffs on Australia’s barley exports, halted beef imports from several large meat plants, warned its citizens against holidaying or studying in Australia and ordered traders to stop buying at least seven commodities including coal, copper and wine. It’s a marked reversal in the once cordial relationship that saw Australia host a state visit by President Xi Jinping in 2014 and sign a comprehensive free-trade agreement a year later.

By The Numbers

    34% The proportion of Australian exports shipped to China in 2019

    A$252 billion The value of two-way trade between Australia and China

    41% The proportion of Australians who view China as more of a security threat than an economic partner, according to a survey by the Lowy Institute

Why It Matters

For the world’s most China-dependent developed economy, Beijing’s retaliation comes at a bad time as Australia tries to pull out of its first recession in almost 29 years. Still the big ticket items of iron ore and liquefied natural gas, which together make up more than 50% of Australian exports to China, have been unaffected.

More broadly, the one-sided trade war shows China’s propensity to use trade as a diplomatic cudgel and demonstrates its brand of aggressive “wolf warrior” diplomacy that’s strained ties with countries including Canada and the U.K.

Ongoing reprisals mean Australia needs to boost under-developed trading relationships with Asian powerhouses such as India and Indonesia and ink new free trade deals with the EU and U.K., following agreements in the past decade with nations such Japan and South Korea.

Aware that it’s exposed by its huge border and small population on a continent that’s thousands of miles from major allies, Australia is ramping up defense spending and is seeking to shore up security ties with similar “like-minded” democracies. In a bid to create a unified stance against Chinese expansionism, Australia is seeking to beef up its role in alliances such as the U.S.-backed Quad and Five Eyes intelligence-sharing network.