Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Recovery Fund. Europarlamento e Commissione litigano come lavandaie ai trogoli.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-09-29.

Cabanel Alexandre. L'angelo caduto. 1847. Museè Fabre di Montpellier. Particolare

A parte il trascurabile fatto che il Recovery Fund ha al momento in dotazione zero euro, ossia non ha denari di sorta né in cassa né quindi da distribuire, la sua gestazione si presenta distocica, bloccando di fatto tutto l’operato della Unione Europea.

I liberal socialisti europei sono sul piede di guerra, ancora malconci all’annuncio del decesso di Sua Giustizia Ruth Ginsburg, cui conseguirà la perdita del massimo centro di potere americano, da sempre loro amico fidato.

È una vicenda pallocolosa ed arzigogolata, ove le parole altisonanti celano interessi monetari di vilissima bottega.

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«Differences were laid bare among EU countries on the link between respect for rule of law and EU funding on Tuesday (22 September).»

«The conditionality was also one of the main hurdles EU leaders had to overcome at their summit in late July, when it took them five days to strike a deal on the budget and recovery package»

«Having produced a vague compromise in July, divisions among EU governments remained between those who want the possibility to suspend EU funds if rule of law is not being respected in a given country, and those who want to narrow the conditionality down to fraud and corruption.»

«Ministers from Belgium, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, and Sweden spoke about the need for an “effective” mechanism»

«”We really need a direct link between EU funding and adherence to the principles of rule of law,” Dutch foreign minister Stef Blok said.»

«While the ministers from Denmark and Sweden acknowledged that the basis of the final mechanism needs to be based on the deal struck by EU leaders, they also warned against moving an inch away from that»

«Hungary and Poland, however, had threatened to block the €1.8 trillion budget and recovery fund, if the new conditions become too strict and have a broader link to the respect for the rule of law»

«And a delay in unlocking the economic stimulus is a no-go for most member states»

«The European Council [EU leaders’s summit] did not support the conditionality as proposed by the commission in 2018, otherwise we would see a clear reference to this»

«Szymański was backed by Hungary’s justice minister Judit Varga, who said the “only task is to stick to leaders’ fragile compromise …. Those who want more or bigger, they all risk that very fragile compromise and the rapid adoption of the whole package»

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«Abbiamo urgente bisogno di un accordo globale sul pacchetto …. le trattative procedono troppo lentamente e così corriamo il rischio di ritardare anche il Recovery Fund»

«Il bilancio comunitario per il 2021-2027 e il Recovery Fund sono politicamente e tecnicamente inseparabili e il tempo stringe»

«la spaccatura più importante è sulla condizionalità legata al rispetto dello stato di diritto»

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Nella loro modestia ed umiltà, i liberal socialisti ritengono di essere gli inappellabili giudici supremi della moralità e dell’etica di tutto il resto dell’universo, che anatemizzano, e con il quale non intendono avere rapporto alcuno, se questo non condividesse la loro Weltanschauung. Ça va sans dire, essi considerano la propria ideologia una verità assoluta, la verità, che gli altri devono accettare, e loro imporla. Senza se e senza ma.

Capito questo, resta immediatamente comprensibile quanto stia accadendo, anche perché molti stati dell’Unione dell’ideologia liberal non sano proprio cosa farsene.

Poi, sotto il sudario, il lenzuolo funebre, si cela il dissesto del sistema di industrie e servizi che i liberal socialisti si sono costruiti nel corso di decenni: sistema che vive di erogazioni di denaro pubblico e che ora necessità più che mai del denaro europeo, pena la bancarotta.

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Germania: negoziati lenti, rischio ritardo sul Recovery Fund.

Ambasciatore tedesco in Ue, nodo stato di diritto su bilancio Ue.

“Abbiamo urgente bisogno di un accordo globale sul pacchetto” sul quadro finanziario pluriennale Ue e il Recovery Fund, ma le trattative procedono “troppo lentamente” e così “corriamo il rischio di ritardare anche il Recovery Fund”. E’ il monito dell’ambasciatore tedesco presso la Ue, Michael Clauss, in una nota in cui fa appello ad “aumentare notevolmente il ritmo dei negoziati” in corso tra il Consiglio Ue e il Parlamento Ue. Il bilancio comunitario per il 2021-2027 e il Recovery Fund “sono politicamente e tecnicamente inseparabili” e “il tempo stringe. L’Europa deve mantenere la sua parola”, avverte Clauss, evidenziando come i nodi si concentrino principalmente nelle trattative sul bilancio Ue. In particolare, l’ambasciatore riferisce che la spaccatura più importante è sulla condizionalità legata al rispetto dello stato di diritto, mentre sull’introduzione di nuove risorse proprie dell’Ue le parti sono “già vicine”.

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EU migration pact to deter asylum.

The European Commission unveiled its long-awaited migration and asylum pact on Wednesday (23 September).

Following months of delays, it is one of president Ursula von der Leyen’s core proposals and comes with promises not to repeat past failures, which turned EU states against one another.

“The old system to deal with it in Europe no longer works. The commission’s package on migration and asylum, which we present today, offers a fresh start,” she announced.

The existing system saw Greece and Italy largely abandoned to deal with tens of thousands of arrivals on their own, while over a million settled in Germany.

The new one includes ideas that are likely to appeal to the more anti-immigrant doctrines of countries such as Hungary or Poland.

It includes placing extra emphasis on returns, making sure countries outside Europe accept back their nationals, while at the same time speeding up asylum procedures.

The whole comes amid a backdrop of recent fires that destroyed an open-air prison for refugees and migrants in Moria, an EU hotspot on the Greek island of Lesbos.

It also comes after Greece suspended asylum claims for a month earlier this year, as thousands of people were pushed backed into Turkey.

The commission’s latest efforts to overhaul the rules is designed to act as a deterrence for anyone not obviously entitled to international protection.

In practice, it means everyone arriving at an EU external border will have to go through security, health, and identity checks within five days.

They will not be able to immediately contest those findings, which will ultimately determine their fates.

The idea is to deny asylum to most people, especially anyone coming from a country where the recognition rates for international protection drops below 20 percent.

“It has to be done very quickly and I think that many of those will have a negative decision,” EU commissioner for home affairs Ylva Johansson told reporters on Wednesday.

People are then to be shuffled into a 12-week asylum border procedure, which does include appeals.

Here, they will be granted access to a normal asylum process later on or returned with the help of a beefed up Frontex, the EU border and coast guard agency.

Anyone alone and under the age of 18 will not have to go through the asylum border procedure, nor will families with children under the age of 12.

The commission is also demanding member states create an independent monitoring system to make sure rights are not violated throughout the process.

Part of that proposal includes turning the Malta-based European Asylum and Support Office (Easo) into a European asylum agency to make sure capitals are doing their jobs correctly.

But years of neglect and suffering in the EU hotspots in Greece, combined with the commission’s refusal to launch infringements against Athens for violating EU laws, is likely to cast a shadow over any such monitoring system.

On Wednesday, EU commission vice-president Margaritis Schinas described those Greek closures as a model for migration management.

“As we proved in Evros at the beginning of March, Europe can now effectively ensure border management,” he said.

The statement carried with it an insight into the commission’s thinking on how to juggle the competing interests of EU member states when it comes to migration.

Schinas had previously described it as a mix between solidarity and responsibility.

The term he coined on Wednesday was “permanent effective constant solidarity”, a phrase that was meant to appeal to everyone whether in Athens, Budapest, or Berlin.

Return sponsorships

“We have looked for a solution between the red lines,” said Schinas.

“And we have done so by introducing a new concept which we call ‘returns sponsorships’ that allow to do something that is new,” he added.

The idea is a departure from the previous commission, which had demanded a mandatory system of quotas that required each EU state to take in people arriving on Italian and Greek shores.

EU states will now be given the option to return people instead, in a bid to help remove the pressure on the member state put under pressure by arrivals.

Those that choose to return someone from the member state under stress will have eight months to do it or will be required to take in that person to finalise the return from their own territory.

The member state sponsoring the returns, will be able to select the nationalities of the asylum claimants they handle.

The commission describes the sponsorship as a viable alternative to relocation, the practice of accepting migrant arrivals already on European territory.

In reality, the proposal is a numbers game based on a distribution key that can be triggered by the commission on its own or by request from a member state under arrival pressure.

The key is based on population size and GDP of the member state and aims to calculate its share of aid to another in need.

Numbers game

It is not straightforward.

For instance, Greece wants 100 people relocated from its territory.

The distribution key is applied and determines two other EU states must take in 50 percent each, meaning they each have 50 people to relocate or return.

But one of the member states refuses to help, resulting in a contribution shortfall.

The commission will then demand everyone to revise their contributions in a so-called “solidarity forum”.

If there is a still a shortfall capped at more than 30 percent, then it can apply a “critical mass correction mechanism”.

The mechanism gives the commission the power to demand the member state with the shortfall to increase its contribution by 50 percent.

In this case, it would mean they would need to relocate or return 25 people.

“What that means is that we have corrected to ensure ‘critical mass’, ” said a commission official, noting the country under pressure will always get at least 70 percent of what was demanded.

Rights groups like Amnesty International and Oxfam International were unimpressed, however, with both describing the proposals as one that shores up walls and defences against asylum seekers and refugees.

“The commission has bowed to pressure from EU governments whose only objective is to decrease the number of people granted protection in Europe,”said Marissa Ryan, head of Oxfam’s EU office.

Similar comments were given by Amnesty, who said the EU scheme will do little to help those most in need.

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EU countries stuck on rule of law-budget link.

Differences were laid bare among EU countries on the link between respect for rule of law and EU funding on Tuesday (22 September).

EU affairs ministers discussed negotiations between member states and the European Parliament on the bloc’s seven-year budget and its pandemic recovery fund, where rule-of-law conditionality has been one of the key political disagreements.

The conditionality was also one of the main hurdles EU leaders had to overcome at their summit in late July, when it took them five days to strike a deal on the budget and recovery package.

Having produced a vague compromise in July, divisions among EU governments remained between those who want the possibility to suspend EU funds if rule of law is not being respected in a given country, and those who want to narrow the conditionality down to fraud and corruption.

Ministers from Belgium, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, and Sweden spoke about the need for an “effective” mechanism.

“We really need a direct link between EU funding and adherence to the principles of rule of law,” Dutch foreign minister Stef Blok said.

“This is more than only protecting the budget against fraud and corruption,” he added.

While the ministers from Denmark and Sweden acknowledged that the basis of the final mechanism needs to be based on the deal struck by EU leaders, they also warned against moving an inch away from that.

“We simply can not accept any watering down of the mechanism,” Finland’s EU minister Tytti Tuppurainen warned.

Hungary and Poland, however, had threatened to block the €1.8 trillion budget and recovery fund, if the new conditions become too strict and have a broader link to the respect for the rule of law.

And a delay in unlocking the economic stimulus is a no-go for most member states.

Poland’s EU affairs minister Konrad Szymański said on Tuesday that the legislation on rule-of-law conditionality should stick to the leaders’ agreement.

“The European Council [EU leaders’s summit] did not support the conditionality as proposed by the commission in 2018, otherwise we would see a clear reference to this,” he said, referring to the European Commission’s original, tougher proposal.

He said the new legislative proposal should “address the flaws” of the 2018 proposal.

“We cannot accept any mechanism that is not legally sound, circumvents treaties, undermines institutional balance, proposes disproportionate measures, and could be used to exercise political pressure on member states,” he said.

Szymański was backed by Hungary’s justice minister Judit Varga, who said the “only task is to stick to leaders’ fragile compromise”.

“Those who want more or bigger, they all risk that very fragile compromise and the rapid adoption of the whole package,” she said.

Varga referred to EU commission president Ursula von der Leyen’s recentstate of the union speech , in which the German politician said such conditionality should protect against fraud, corruption, and conflict of interest, but did not go further.

And all that leaves the German EU presidency stuck between a rock and a hard place.

Four big political groups in the European Parliament, the centre-right EPP, the Socialists and Democrats, the liberal Renew and the Greens have said they would not approve the budget and recovery package unless there is a strong rule-of-law link.

The German EU presidency plans to come forward with its own version of a possible compromise by the end of the month in talks with MEPs.

Meanwhile, Hungary and Poland are already under EU scrutiny for violating European rules and values.

On Tuesday, ministers also discussed the state of play of the two, so-called ‘Article 7’ sanctions procedures against Warsaw and Budapest.

The commission said the situation had not improved in either of the two countries and that serious concerns persisted.