Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Unione Europea

Germania. Dieselgate. Volkswagen condannata a risarcire gli acquirenti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-05-25.

2020-05-25__VW 013

«Si tratta di un passaggio cruciale nello scandalo dieselgate: non solo perché è un verdetto paragonabile a quelli della nostra Cassazione, ma perché orienterà decine di migliaia di procedimenti giuridici a venire, dato che stabilisce il principio del rimborso per le macchine le cui emissioni dei gas di scarico erano state manipolate dai software installati sulle auto della casa automobilistica di Wolfsburg.»

«“Questa sentenza stabilisce la certezza del diritto per milioni di consumatori in Germania, e dimostra ancora una volta che anche un grande gruppo industriale non può stare al di sopra della legge”, afferma l’avvocato Claus Goldenstein, che oltre al denunciante di questo caso specifico – un pensionato della Renania Palatinato – rappresenta altri 21 mila acquirenti di veicoli a diesel della Volkswagen. E c’è pure il fatto che la decisione dei giudici di Karlsruhe quasi certamente farà da apripista alle cause nei confronti di altre case automobilistiche che abbiano montato sistemi ‘illegali’ di controllo delle emissioni sui propri veicoli.»

«La denuncia del signor Helbert Gilbert era stata presentata nel 2014: aveva comprato per circa 31.500 euro una Vw Sharan usata con un motore diesel EA 189, su cui appunto era stato applicato il software incriminato, il cui effetto di indicare emissioni inferiori al previsto, mentre il gas di scarico effettivo è ben maggiore. La corte di Coblenza gli aveva riconosciuto un risarcimento di 25.600 euro riconoscendo il “danneggiamento intenzionale”, sottraendo alla cifra complessiva l’ipotetico deprezzamento legato all’utilizzo della vettura. Ambedue le parti in causa avevano presentato ricorso.» [Fonte]

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«Germany’s highest civil court has ruled that Volkswagen must pay compensation to a motorist who had bought one of its diesel minivans fitted with emissions-cheating software»

«The ruling sets a benchmark for about 60,000 other cases in Germany»

«The plaintiff, Herbert Gilbert, will be partially reimbursed for his vehicle, with depreciation taken into account»

«The company has already settled a separate €830m (£743m) class action suit involving 235,000 German car owners»

«Volkswagen has faced a flurry of legal action worldwide, including the UK»

«About 90,000 motorists in England and Wales have brought action against VW as well as Audi, Seat and Skoda, which are also owned by Volkswagen Group»

«Last month, their case cleared its first hurdle in the High Court, when a judge ruled that the software installed in the cars was indeed a “defeat device” under EU rules.»

«The car’s mileage will be taken into account when calculating reimbursement, the court said»

«To avoid a class-action lawsuit, Volkswagen Group recently agreed to pay damages to 235,000 car owners in Germany. The company is to pay out up to €830 million ($905 milllion) under the agreement. VW had previously settled for $25 billion in the US and other countries in 2016, and until recently had failed to settle with German car owners. »

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La vicenda ha risolti truculenti e boccacceschi.

Prese da furor ecologico, Germania ed Unione Europea avevano legiferato limiti così ridotti per le emissioni dei motori diesel, che le case costruttrici avevano dovuto aggirarli manipolando il software utilizzato nei test. Scoperto questo inganno è nato il caso del Dieselgate.

A scandalo noto, le società costruttrici sono state caricate di multe e sono iniziate le cause di rimborso, che oggi in Germania hanno terminato il loro iter giudiziario con la sentenza della suprema corte civile.

La Volkswagen aveva già pagato penali di 25 miliardi Usd negli Stati Uniti e di poco meno di un miliardo in Germania.

Essendo i rimborsi personalizzati è difficile stabilire l’ammontare della cifra dovuta, che dovrebbe essere superiore al miliardo e mezzo di euro. E questo solo in Germania.

La Germania ha ammazzato con le sue stesse leggi quella che era una delle loro più redditizie attività industriali.

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Volkswagen loses landmark German ‘dieselgate’ case.

Germany’s highest civil court has ruled that Volkswagen must pay compensation to a motorist who had bought one of its diesel minivans fitted with emissions-cheating software.

The ruling sets a benchmark for about 60,000 other cases in Germany.

The plaintiff, Herbert Gilbert, will be partially reimbursed for his vehicle, with depreciation taken into account.

VW said it will now offer affected motorists a one-off payment, and the amount will depend on individual cases.

The company has already settled a separate €830m (£743m) class action suit involving 235,000 German car owners.

It has paid out more than €30bn in fines, compensation and buyback schemes worldwide since the scandal first broke in 2015.

VW disclosed at the time that it had used illegal software to manipulate the results of diesel emissions tests.

The company said that about 11 million cars were fitted with the “defeat device”, which alerted diesel engines when they were being tested. The engine would then change its performance in order to improve the result of the test.

Volkswagen has faced a flurry of legal action worldwide, including the UK.

About 90,000 motorists in England and Wales have brought action against VW as well as Audi, Seat and Skoda, which are also owned by Volkswagen Group.

Last month, their case cleared its first hurdle in the High Court, when a judge ruled that the software installed in the cars was indeed a “defeat device” under EU rules.

The carmaker’s current and former senior employees are facing criminal charges in Germany.

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Volkswagen scandal: Top German court rules automaker must pay ‘dieselgate’ compensation.

Germany’s top civil court has ruled against Volkswagen in the first case brought by a car owner against the automaker for emissions test cheating. The ruling sets a precedent for thousands more cases.

The Federal Court of Justice on Monday ruled against German automaker Volkswagen in the country’s first case brought by a car owner over the company’s emissions test cheating. 

The court said that people who had purchased an VW automobile equipped with software that manipulated emissions tests are entitled to financial compensation. They can return the vehicle and receive partial financial reimbursement from the automaker.

The car’s mileage will be taken into account when calculating reimbursement, the court said.

“The behavior of the defendants is to be deemed unethical,” said presiding judge Stephan Seiters in the Court’s judgement.

The ruling paves the way for thousands more  German Volkswagen owners whose vehicles were fitted with devices designed to manipulate emissions tests to claim compensation. 

Volkswagen promised “appropriate offers” to those affected. “[The company] now aims to soon bring these cases to a close in agreement with the plaintiffs,” VW said in a statement.

What is the Volkswagen scandal? 

In September 2015, Volkswagen admitted to the United States Environmental Protection Agency that it had installed software in 11 million vehicles worldwide that allowed it to cheat emissions tests. American scientists had uncovered software installed in VW vehicles that could detect emissions test scenarios and would change the vehicle’s performance accordingly to improve results.

The scandal, dubbed ”Dieselgate,” led to a crisis in confidence for the entire automobile industry after similar workarounds were later discovered at other companies. VW has been tied up in litigation ever since. 

What verdicts have already been issued?

To avoid a class-action lawsuit, Volkswagen Group recently agreed to pay damages to 235,000 car owners in Germany. The company is to pay out up to €830 million ($905 milllion) under the agreement. 

VW had previously settled for $25 billion in the US and other countries in 2016, and until recently had failed to settle with German car owners. 

Last fall the automaker agreed to pay out AU$127 million ($83 million, €76 million) as a settlement for multiple class-action lawsuits it faced from Australian customers. In January, a Canadian court ordered VW to pay fines of nearly CAN$2 million ($1.4 million, €1.3 million) on top of the CAN$2.4 billion it had already paid, a sum “26 times the highest fine ever for a Canadian environmental offence.”

Courts have also ordered other carmakers involved in the scandal to pay fines and to recall thousands of vehicles believed to be equipped with emissions-cheating software.

German prosecutors had also brought charges against top VW executives over the scandal. Volkswagen chief executive Herbert Diess and supervisory board chief Hans Dieter Poetsch in May agreed to an out-of-court settlement of €9 million. It is not clear if the offer to drop the market manipulation case will be extended to former VW CEO Martin Winterkorn, who ran the company from 2007 to 2015 and stepped down after the scandal came to light.

What happens next?

Some 60,000 individual cases against VW are currently pending across Germany, according to VW. Lower German courts follow decisions taken by the higher court, meaning the ruling greatly increases the chances of car owners winning their individual suits, which could result in a payout from the carmaker. 

Those who participated in the class-action suit settled earlier this year waived the right to further litigation on the matter, VW said. 

In July, the court will take up further cases linked to the scandal. These include suits against the car dealers who sold the Volkswagen as well as against other car makers.