Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Giustizia

Germania. Corte Costituzionale proibisce ai servizi segreti le intercettazioni.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-05-25.

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I tedeschi sono impazziti, matti da legare da ricoverare con urgenza in un reparto di neurodeliri. Con tanto di camicia di forza.

Il loro ultimo atto ufficiale oltre ad essere demenziale è del tutto ridicolo.

Mr Putin e Mr Xi staranno sturando fiumi di spumante della Krimea: è inutile combattere i tedeschi, si stanno suicidando con le loro stesse mani.

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Fondato dal mitico Generalmajor Reinhard Gehlen, il Bundesnachrichtendienst (in sigla: BND) Servizio Informazioni Federale) è l’agenzia di intelligence “esterna” della Repubblica Federale Tedesca, sotto il controllo del cancelliere.

«Fa ampio affidamento a sistemi di intercettazione e di “guerra elettronica” in senso ampio. Raccoglie e valuta informazioni su una quantità di ambiti: terrorismo internazionale, proliferazione delle armi di distruzione di massa, spionaggio industriale, crimine organizzato, traffico di droga o armi, riciclaggio di valuta, immigrazione illegale e – ovviamente – informazione militare. Essendo l’unico servizio segreto “esterno” tedesco, non fa (nella sfera della sua competenza) distinzione tra questioni di intelligence cosiddetta civile, e militare, occupandosi di entrambe.»

La Germania dispone anche di altri servizi segreti: il Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV), 16 Landesämter für Verfassungsschutz, ed il Militärischer Abschirmdienst (Mad). Tuttavia questi sembrerebbero svolgere ruoli minori.

I servizi segreti hanno tale nome perché le mansioni che svolgono sono riservate, ma soprattutto perché agiscono nella illegalità più spinta. Pur di spiare la gente non vanno poi tanto per il sottile.

Ma da oggi tutto questo è seriamente messo in forse nella Repubblica Federale Tedesca.

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«Germany’s Constitutional Court ruled on Tuesday that monitoring the internet traffic of foreign nationals abroad by the BND intelligence agency partly breaches the constitution»

«The German government must come up with a new law regulating its secret services, after the country’s highest court ruled that the current practice of monitoring telecommunications of foreign citizens at will violates constitutionally-enshrined press freedoms and the privacy of communications»

«The ruling said that non-Germans were also protected by Germany’s constitutional rights, and that the current law lacked special protection for the work of lawyers and journalists»

«A secret service that wants to protect democracy cannot trample on important democratic freedoms»

«The 2017 amendment effectively legalized what the BND had been doing anyway: monitoring telecommunications anywhere in the world, regardless of suspicion»

«the monitoring of communication was vital to preventing attacks on the German military abroad.»

«One of the largest internet exchange points in the world, the Deutsche Commercial Internet Exchange (DE-CIX), is situated in Frankfurt, through which pass internet exchanges to and from France, Russia, and the Middle East among others. According to Der Spiegel, the BND is able to tap into the exchange at will, giving it access up to 1.2 trillion communications per day.»

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Questa sentenza della Corte Costituzionale Tedesca proibisce ai servizi segreti germanici l’uso delle intercettazioni, perché la carta fondamentale proibisce di violare la privacy degli esseri umani.

Si andrà a finire che il Bundesnachrichtendienst si accontenterà delle informazioni che gli passerà quella congrega di asceti che popolano il Gru.

Mr Putin e Mr Xi staranno sturando fiumi di spumante della Krimea: è inutile combattere i tedeschi, si stanno suicidando con le loro stesse mani.

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German intelligence can’t spy on foreigners outside Germany.

Germany’s Constitutional Court ruled on Tuesday that monitoring the internet traffic of foreign nationals abroad by the BND intelligence agency partly breaches the constitution.

The German government must come up with a new law regulating its secret services, after the country’s highest court ruled that the current practice of monitoring telecommunications of foreign citizens at will violates constitutionally-enshrined press freedoms and the privacy of communications.

The ruling said that non-Germans were also protected by Germany’s constitutional rights, and that the current law lacked special protection for the work of lawyers and journalists. This applied both to the collection and processing of data as well as passing on that data to other intelligence agencies.

Several foreign journalists, as well as German journalists’ unions and the NGO Reporters Without Borders, had mounted a legal challenge to the latest amendment to the BND law, which sets out what Germany’s foreign intelligence service, the BND, can and can’t do.

One of the plaintiffs in the case was Azerbaijani journalist Khadija Ismayilova, who was awarded the 2017 Right Livelihood Award, often referred to as the “Alternative Nobel Prize,” for her work exposing corruption and organized crime in her own country. For her, the fact that the BND had the power to share intelligence with Germany’s less democratic allies made today’s court decision vital.

“I suffered a lot in Azerbaijan from the unlimited power of the government and their abuse of anti-terror legislation, which also allowed them to interfere with my privacy and expose my intimate life,” she said in an emailed statement. “I am happy that democratic checks and balances are still operational in Germany and it was possible to revert the abusive laws which could be used as instruments against whistleblowers and journalists.”

“The German Constitutional Court has once again underlined the importance of press freedom,” Christian Mihr, director of Reporters Without Borders in Germany, said in a statement. “We are pleased that (the court) has put a stop to the sprawling surveillance activity of the BND abroad.”

“A secret service that wants to protect democracy cannot trample on important democratic freedoms,” said Frank Überall, head of the German journalists’ union DJV in his statement.

The 2017 amendment effectively legalized what the BND had been doing anyway: monitoring telecommunications anywhere in the world, regardless of suspicion. 

The amendment was introduced in the wake of revelations about the scope and power of the US National Security Agency (NSA), by whistleblower Edward Snowden. 

But according to a confidential document on “Signals Intelligence” leaked to Der Spiegel and Bavarian public broadcaster BR last week, the BND has been trying to self-regulate what kind of communications among German citizens it may eavesdrop on, based on the new law. 

Up until now, Der Spiegel reported, the BND had considered foreign nationals living outside Germany essentially fair game, as they assumed they were not protected by Germany’s constitution.

During a hearing in January, Helge Braun, Chancellor Angela Merkel’s chief of staff, had argued that the monitoring of communication was vital to preventing attacks on the German military abroad. He added that the BND law included “comprehensive protection and control measures” that were unique.

The key legal question was whether foreign nationals in other countries were covered by Germany’s constitution, known as the Basic Law, which safeguards human rights – including Article 10, the privacy of correspondence and communications.

One of the largest internet exchange points in the world, the Deutsche Commercial Internet Exchange (DE-CIX), is situated in Frankfurt, through which pass internet exchanges to and from France, Russia, and the Middle East among others. According to Der Spiegel, the BND is able to tap into the exchange at will, giving it access up to 1.2 trillion communications per day. There are several other DE-CIX exchange points in Germany, including in Hamburg and Munich.

The Constitutional Court said the government has until the end of 2021 to amend the BND law.