L’elenco potrebbe continuare, ma i provvedimenti, più o meno rigidi, vertono il porre in essere di zone messe in quarantena, la chiusura delle frontiere, delle università e delle scuole, dei locali pubblici, vietando gli assembramenti e limitando gli spostamenti della gente.
L’impressione sarebbe che ci si aspetti il picco verso la metà di aprile.
I governi sono combattuti tra la necessità di bloccare la diffusione del contagio e le conseguenze economiche di tali blocchi.
«On the economic impact, Macron said a package of measures unveiled by the European Central Bank would not be sufficient»
«We, Europeans, will not allow a financial and economic crisis to spread. We will react strongly and quickly. Together, European governments must take decisions on supporting activity, and relaunching it, whatever it costs»
«He said there would also be coordination among the Group of Seven nations»
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I danni economici imputabili alla concomitanza dell’epidemia da coronavirus, crollo dei prezzi dei prodotti petroliferi e crollo delle borse europee non sono al momento quantizzabili, ma stime grossolane li indicherebbero a diverse centinaia di miliardi di euro in tutta la eurozona. Ma tale stima apparirebbe essere per difetto.
E tutto questo è accaduto in un momento di stagnazione e recessione economica dell’eurozona, aggravata dal fatto che la banca centrale ha ben poche armi a disposizione.
I centoventi miliardi messi a disposizione per tutto l’anno significano in termini medi poco più di quattro miliardi e mezzo per stato: sono due gocce versate in un oceano. Adesso Mrs Lagarde promette 1,200 altri miliardi, che sono circa quaranta miliardi a stato, in termini medi, laddove la sola Germania ne ha stanziato 550 solo per sé.
Ma anche la Commissione deve lottare contro la difficoltà di reperire risorse.
Se poi ci si aggiungessero i perenni litigi in sede del Consiglio Europeo ed i mal di pancia dei liberal socialisti dell’europarlamento, si resterebbe davvero molto perplessi sulla possibilità di ripresa.
The Czech Republic will close its borders to travelers crossing from Germany and Austria and also ban the entry of foreigners coming from other risky countries to contain the coronavirus outbreak, Prime Minister Andrej Babis said on Thursday.
Czechs will also be barred from traveling to those countries, and to and from and other countries deemed risky, effective from Saturday (2300 GMT on Friday).
The full list includes other European Union members Italy, Sweden, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Spain and Denmark, and also Britain, Switzerland, Norway, China, Korea and Iran.
International public transport vehicles with more than nine seats will also be banned from crossing borders.
Under a state of emergency declared for 30 days, the Prague government also banned international passenger transport, but kept freight business open.
Babis told a news conference the government would also ban public events of more than 30 people and impose closures of places such as sport centers, spa services and galleries.
Restaurants must close by 8 p.m. and refreshments at shopping malls will be banned altogether.
“It is clear there will be economic impacts. But now we have to do everything for the virus not to spread, to avoid having it here without control,” Babis said. “If we see the measures do not have sufficient effect, we will take more.”
Some border crossings were to be shut while others would be manned by police. Exceptions will be given to foreigners with residency in the Czech Republic and to cross-border workers.
The Czech Republic reported 96 cases of the coronavirus on Thursday. There have been no known deaths from the disease in the central European country.
(The story corrects paragraph 3 to show Norway not in the EU)
Austria will introduce border checks with Switzerland and Liechtenstein and ban flight connections with France, Spain and Switzerland from Monday to slow the spread of coronavirus, the government said on Friday.
The coronavirus reached Austria from neighboring Italy, which has suffered Europe’s deadliest outbreak, but it has yet to take hold as firmly.
Austria reported its first death on Thursday and has 432 cases so far, in contrast to the more than 15,000 cases and more than 1,000 deaths in Italy to its south.
“We are now increasingly beginning to control the borders to Switzerland and Liechtenstein in the same way as we do with Italy,” Interior Minister Karl Nehammer told a news conference, referring to Austria’s two western neighbors. “From Monday there will be flight bans for France, Spain and Switzerland.”
The Alpine country on Wednesday shut its border to people coming from Italy, except for goods vehicles and some other categories such as people transiting Austria without stopping.
No restrictions have been imposed along Austria’s northern border with Germany.
Travel over landlocked Austria’s frontiers is generally unrestricted in normal times under the European Union’s Schengen scheme.
Austria also has flight bans in place for Italy, China, Iran and South Korea – all with some of the world’s worst coronavirus outbreaks.
It will also “lock down” two popular tourist regions in the mountainous province of Tyrol – the Paznauntal and St. Anton am Arlberg, Chancellor Sebastian Kurz said.
Commercial activity in Austria apart from pharmacies, food shops and other stores selling essential goods and services will be suspended starting on Monday. Bars and restaurants will be open only until 3 p.m. and companies are requested to allow staff to work from home if possible, also from next week.
Kurz called on people not to panic. “All that a state needs to remain functional is of course maintained.” An aid program for companies hard hit by the spread of the sometimes deadly respiratory illness is being prepared, Kurz said.
Austria has already banned indoor events and gatherings of more than 100 people, forcing museums, theaters and larger bars to shut. Austrian schools are also due to close from Monday.
Belgium’s government on Thursday ordered schools, cafes and restaurants to close and tighter business hours for shops due to the coronavirus, following decisions by France and other European countries to limit all but essential activities.
The measures take effect from Friday at midnight central European time and run until April 3, although schools are set to be shut for five weeks, including the Easter holidays, Belgium’s caretaker prime minister, Sophie Wilmes, told a news conference.
“There is no lockdown,” Wilmes said, emphasizing that supermarkets and pharmacies would remain open and other shops would be required to close only on weekends. “We want to avoid the Italian situation and avoid lockdowns.”
The number of people infected with the virus in Belgium is 399, putting the spread of the disease at an earlier stage than in other parts of Europe. Three people have died so far.
Belgium’s government was torn between keeping schools open, as in the Netherlands, or closing them, as in France, and opted for closure, arguing that such steps would avoid a bigger crisis.
As in neighboring the Netherlands, all sporting and cultural activities, such as Brussels’ famed Atomium and Magritte museums, will be closed from Saturday morning for the next three weeks.
France will close from Monday all nurseries, schools and universities to try to slow the spread of the coronavirus, President Emmanuel Macron said in a televised address, calling the outbreak the nation’s worst public health crisis in a century.
To prevent the economy from nosediving during the crisis, Macron said France would offer help for businesses and would work with European partners on a major package to relaunch the economy, “whatever it costs.”
“This epidemic ..is the most grave public health crisis that France has known in a century,” Macron said in a 20-minute address delivered live on national television on Thursday night.
“Despite the efforts to slow it down, the virus continues to spread and is accelerating.”
Unveiling some of the most significant measures to date from a major European country outside of Italy, Macron said the aim was to slow down the disease enough that healthcare services can keep pace with the flow of patients.
“That’s our priority. That is why we must continue to gain time,” he said.
“From Monday, until further notice, nurseries, schools, middle schools, high schools, universities, will be closed. For a simple reason: Our children and young people, according to our scientists, are the ones that spread the virus the quickest, even if they have no symptoms.”
He also urged employers to allow their staff to work from home wherever possible, and said that people over 70 years of age or have existing health conditions should stay inside as much as they can.
Macron said, however, that municipal elections scheduled for this weekend would go ahead, after advice from public health specialists.
On Thursday, the French Health Ministry said the death toll in France from the coronavirus outbreak had risen to 61 from Wednesday’s 48.
It added that the number of confirmed coronavirus cases in France had also risen to 2,876 from 2,281, with 129 people in very serious, life-threatening condition.
MASSIVE ECONOMIC RESPONSE
On the economic impact, Macron said a package of measures unveiled by the European Central Bank would not be sufficient. He promised a concerted, bloc-wide response.
“We, Europeans, will not allow a financial and economic crisis to spread. We will react strongly and quickly. Together, European governments must take decisions on supporting activity, and relaunching it, whatever it costs.”
He said there would also be coordination among the Group of Seven nations, and that he would speak to U.S. President Donald Trump about that on Friday.
In a veiled reference to Trump’s decision to suspend some European travel to the United States, Macron said nationalism was not the answer to the virus.
He said the disease had no nationality, and that if national frontiers had to be closed, it would only be when it was essential and in coordination with the rest of Europe.