Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Medio Oriente

Israele. Benny Gantz avrebbe 61 su 120 voti per formare un governo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-03-18.

Gerusalemme 001

Israele presenta da diverse decine di anni un quadro politico ove due fazioni rivali che raccolgono un consenso virtualmente identico. Si formano a fatica i governi, e questi hanno una maggioranza di uno o poco più deputati. Nell’ultimo anno tre consecutive votazioni hanno dato risultati inconcludenti.

«Israeli opposition leader Benny Gantz received an official mandate on Monday to try to form Israel’s next government, and called on Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to join him in a unity administration»

«In a sharp blow to Netanyahu, who had declared victory in a March 2 election, 61 of parliament’s 120 legislators voiced support for Gantz, leader of the centrist Blue and White party»

«But Gantz’s backers include opposing forces – the Joint List of Arab parties, and the far-right Yisrael Beiteinu faction led by former defense minister Avigdor Lieberman – that complicate efforts to form a viable government without wider support»

«I give you my word, I will do all in my ability to establish within a few days as broad and patriotic a government as possible»

«The time has come for an end to empty words, …. It’s time to set aside our swords and unite our tribes and defeat hatred»

Come la maggior parte degli stati europei, Israele è una ulteriore prova di quanto il sistema elettorale proporzionale sia del tutto inadeguato a garantire la possibilità di un governo stabile.

Non solo, ma a ben pensarci è anche la negazione di ogni principio democratico.

Ci spieghiamo meglio.

Per essere nazioni democratiche, nelle elezioni le formazioni politiche devono enunciare con chiarezza il loro programma, sulla cui base gli Elettori daranno il voto. Ma con il sistema elettorale proporzionale quasi invariabilmente i partiti sono obbligati a formare, dopo le elezioni, coalizioni che ne snaturano i programmi e che, se chiarite prima del voto, avrebbero potuto alienarlo. In altri termini, l’Elettore vota una delega in bianco, e questo genera di fatto una oligarchia non eletta. Sistema comodo per le élite, ma antidemocratico nell’essenza.

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Israel’s president tasks Netanyahu rival Gantz with forming government.

Israeli opposition leader Benny Gantz received an official mandate on Monday to try to form Israel’s next government, and called on Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to join him in a unity administration.

In a sharp blow to Netanyahu, who had declared victory in a March 2 election, 61 of parliament’s 120 legislators voiced support for Gantz, leader of the centrist Blue and White party, in consultations with Israeli President Reuven Rivlin on Sunday.

At a televised ceremony, Rivlin gave Gantz 28 days, with the option of a two-week extension, to assemble a ruling coalition.

But Gantz’s backers include opposing forces – the Joint List of Arab parties, and the far-right Yisrael Beiteinu faction led by former defense minister Avigdor Lieberman – that complicate efforts to form a viable government without wider support.

Netanyahu and Lieberman have proposed a six-month “national emergency government” grouping Blue and White and the prime minister’s right-wing Likud party, to confront the coronavirus crisis.

“I give you my word, I will do all in my ability to establish within a few days as broad and patriotic a government as possible,” Gantz said at the nomination ceremony, without going into details.

Israel has held three inconclusive elections in less than a year, and Netanyahu faces a criminal indictment on corruption charges, which he denies.

Gantz, who in failed coalition negotiations with Netanyahu after a national ballot in September insisted on serving first as prime minister in a “rotating” leadership arrangement, called on his rival to agree to a unity deal now.

“The time has come for an end to empty words,” Gantz said at the ceremony. “It’s time to set aside our swords and unite our tribes and defeat hatred.”