Pubblicato in: Cina

Cina. Gli Uighurs lavorano per brand occidentali.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-03-08.

Uighuri 001

I cinesi constano stupiti come in occidente si possa condannare a lunghe pene detentive sulla sola base di denuncie non corroborate da prove probanti e gli occidentali si stupiscono che i cinesi detengano e lascino lavorare persone internate per movimenti sediziosi. Di qui le incomprensioni sugli Uighuri.

Cinesi, gente pratica. Risolto il problema dell’integralismo islamico.

«Chinese authorities in the far-northwestern region of Xinjiang on Wednesday revised legislation to permit the use of “education and training centers” to combat religious extremism.»

«The amended legislation states that Chinese regional governments “can set up vocational education and training centers … to educate and transform those who have been influenced by extremism.”»

«However, besides teaching the Mandarin language and providing vocational skills, the centers are now directed to provide “ideological education, psychological rehabilitation and behavior correction” under the new clause.»

«The Chinese government has for decades tried to suppress pro-independence movements among Xinjiang’s Muslim community, spurred largely by frustration over the influx of migrants from China’s Han majority»

«Chinese authorities say that extremists in the region have ties to terror groups»

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«Thousands of Muslims from China’s Uighur minority group are working under coercive conditions at factories that supply some of the world’s biggest brands»

«China has already detained about a million Uighurs at internment camps, punishing and indoctrinating them. Officials say the camps are aimed at countering extremism»

«Between 2017 and 2019, the ASPI think tank estimates that more than 80,000 Uighurs were transferred out of the far western Xinjiang autonomous region to work in factories across China»

«the factories claim to be part of the supply chain for 83 well-known global brands, including Nike, Apple and Dell.»

«there was evidence of local governments and private brokers being “paid a price per head” by the Xinjiang government to organise the assignments»

«We have this unseen and previously hidden contamination of the global supply chain»

«Chinese authorities said the “vocational training centres” were being used to combat violent religious extremism»

«But evidence showed many people were being detained for simply expressing their faith, by praying or wearing a veil, or for having overseas connections to places like Turkey.»

«Chinese state media says participation in labour transfer schemes is voluntary»

«Uighurs were typically forced to live in segregated dormitories, have Mandarin lessons and “ideological training” outside of working hours, were subjected to constant surveillance and banned from observing religious practices.»

«Nike told the Washington Post it was “committed to upholding international labour standards globally” and that its suppliers were “strictly prohibited from using any type of prison, forced, bonded or indentured labor.”»

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Pur facendo parte dello stato cinese, gli Uighuri hanno sempre cercato di mantenere la propria lingua, pur essendo il mandarino quella ufficiale, ed hanno fatto della propri religione islamica un motivo identitario mal tollerato dai cinesi. Hanno usato capi di abbigliamento, quali il velo, come simbolo irredentistico, hanno tenuto legami diretti con gli islamici turki, ma, soprattutto, hanno accolto e protetto un ingravescente terrorismo.

Questa è stata la goccia che ha fatto traboccare il vaso.

Le leggi cinesi sono molto severe in fatto di rispetto della sovranità nazionale ed ancor di più nei confronti del terrorismo.

Gli internati “have Mandarin lessons” ed “ideological training”.

«Chinese state media says participation in labour transfer schemes is voluntary»

In molte nazioni, ivi compresi gli Stati Uniti, le persone internate nelle prigioni sono adibite allo svolgimento di lavori, spesso manuali. Si rimane perplessi che una simile pratica sia imputata ai cinesi come un violazione degli ‘human right’.

Gli occidentali dovrebbero perdere il vizietto di voler imporre la propria Weltanschauung a tutto il mondo, per poi utilizzare per le proprie produzioni industriali il lavoro coatto: questa è soltanto ipocrisia.

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China Uighurs ‘moved into factory forced labour’ for foreign brands

Thousands of Muslims from China’s Uighur minority group are working under coercive conditions at factories that supply some of the world’s biggest brands, a new report says.

The Australian Strategic Policy Institute said this was the next phase in China’s re-education of Uighurs.

China has already detained about a million Uighurs at internment camps, punishing and indoctrinating them.

Officials say the camps are aimed at countering extremism.

The ASPI report comes after a senior Chinese official told reporters in December that members of the minority group being held in the camps had now “graduated”.

What does the report say?

Between 2017 and 2019, the ASPI think tank estimates that more than 80,000 Uighurs were transferred out of the far western Xinjiang autonomous region to work in factories across China. It said some were sent directly from detention camps.

ASPI said the Uighurs were moved through labour transfer schemes operating under a central government policy known as Xinjiang Aid.

According to the report, the factories claim to be part of the supply chain for 83 well-known global brands, including Nike, Apple and Dell.

The report said it was “extremely difficult” for Uighurs to refuse or escape the work assignments, with the threat of “arbitrary detention” hanging over them.

It added that there was evidence of local governments and private brokers being “paid a price per head” by the Xinjiang government to organise the assignments, which ASPI describes as “a new phase of the Chinese government’s ongoing repression” of Uighurs.

“Our report makes it really clear that the dispossession of Uighurs and other ethnic minorities in Xinjiang also has a really strong character of economic exploitation,” the report’s co-author Nathan Ruser told the BBC.

“We have this unseen and previously hidden contamination of the global supply chain.”

Reports of widespread detentions at internment camps in Xinjiang first emerged in 2018. Chinese authorities said the “vocational training centres” were being used to combat violent religious extremism. But evidence showed many people were being detained for simply expressing their faith, by praying or wearing a veil, or for having overseas connections to places like Turkey.

Beijing has faced growing international pressure over the issue.

Chinese state media says participation in labour transfer schemes is voluntary. Officials have denied any commercial use of forced labour from Xinjiang, according to ASPI.

Where are they working?

ASPI said it had identified 27 factories in nine Chinese provinces that had been using Uighur labour transferred from Xinjiang since 2017.

At the factories, ASPI said the Uighurs were typically forced to live in segregated dormitories, have Mandarin lessons and “ideological training” outside of working hours, were subjected to constant surveillance and banned from observing religious practices.

ASPI said foreign and Chinese companies were “possibly unknowingly” involved in human rights abuses. It called on them to conduct “immediate and thorough human rights due diligence” on their factory labour in China.

The Washington Post visited a factory mentioned in the report, which produces trainers for sports giant Nike. It said it resembled a prison, with barbed wire, watchtowers, cameras and a police station.

“We can walk around, but we can’t go back [to Xinjiang] on our own,” one Uighur woman told the newspaper at the gates of the factory in the city of Laixi.

Nike told the Washington Post it was “committed to upholding international labour standards globally” and that its suppliers were “strictly prohibited from using any type of prison, forced, bonded or indentured labor.”

Apple also said it was “dedicated to ensuring that everyone in our supply chain is treated with the dignity and respect they deserve”, while Dell said it would look into the findings.