Pubblicato in: Cina, Stati Uniti, Unione Europea

Cina. Da gennaio taglia i dazi su 850 prodotti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-12-29.

2019-12-24__Cina 001

In effetti, si restava molto perplessi a sentire i cinesi lamentarsi dei dazi americani, quando poi avevano messo dazi a due cifre percentuali sulle merci occidentali.

A tutte le manfrine dovrebbe esserci un limite, e quello del ridicolo dovrebbe essere evitato come la peste nera.

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«Dal 1 gennaio 2020 la Cina ha annunciato il taglio delle tariffe sull’importazione di oltre 850 prodotti, dalla carne di maiale congelata ad alcuni tipi di semi-conduttori»

«Ad annunciarlo la Commissione per le Tariffe Doganali del Consiglio di Stato, il governo cinese»

«La mossa giunge mentre la Cina sta ultimando i dettagli dell’intesa raggiunta con gli Stati Uniti sulla fase uno della disputa tariffaria anche se non appare direttamente collegata ad essa e gli Usa non vengono menzionati nel comunicato, e mentre si registrano progressi per un accordo di libero scambio con Giappone e Corea del Sud»

«Next year, China will implement temporary import tariffs, which are lower than the most-favored-nation tariffs, on more than 850 products, the finance ministry said on Monday. That compared with 706 products that were taxed at temporary rates in 2019»

«The tariff changes were made to “increase imports of products facing a relative domestic shortage, or foreign specialty goods for everyday consumption»

«China and the United States cooled their drawn-out trade war earlier this month, announcing a Phase 1 agreement that would reduce some U.S. tariffs in exchange for more Chinese purchases of American farm products and other goods»

«The finance ministry said the tariff rate for frozen pork will be cut to 8% from the most-favored-nation duty of 12%, as China copes to plug a huge supply gap after a severe pig disease decimated its hog herd»

«China brought in 229,707 tonnes of pork in November, up more than 150% from the previous year. Pork imports CNC-PORK-IMP for the first 11 months of the year stood at 1.733 million tonnes, up 58% from a year earlier»

«China will also lower temporary import tariffs for ferroniobium – used as an additive to high strength low alloy steel and stainless steel for oil and gas pipelines, cars and trucks – from 1% to zero in 2020 to support its high-tech development. The country brought in 35,909 tonnes of ferroniobium in 2018 and 37,818 tonnes for the first 10 months of this year»

«U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said China had agreed to buy $200 billion worth of additional U.S. goods and services over the next two years as part of the Phase 1 trade pact to be signed in early January. If the purchases are made, they would represent a huge jump in U.S. exports to China»

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Una considerazione finale.

Se, come potrebbe sembrare, Usa e Cina iniziassero a trovare accordi soddisfacenti per ambedue, si raffredderebbero molte delle attuai tensioni sui mercati.

Ma alla fine emergerebbe che, in ogni caso, il vero perdente sarebbe l’Unione Europea.

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China to lower import tariffs on frozen pork, avocados from January 1

BEIJING (Reuters) – China will lower tariffs on products ranging from frozen pork and avocado to some types of semiconductors next year as Beijing looks to boost imports amid a slowing economy and a trade war with the United States.

Next year, China will implement temporary import tariffs, which are lower than the most-favored-nation tariffs, on more than 850 products, the finance ministry said on Monday. That compared with 706 products that were taxed at temporary rates in 2019.

The tariff changes were made to “increase imports of products facing a relative domestic shortage, or foreign specialty goods for everyday consumption,” the ministry said in a statement on its website.

China and the United States cooled their drawn-out trade war earlier this month, announcing a Phase 1 agreement that would reduce some U.S. tariffs in exchange for more Chinese purchases of American farm products and other goods.

The finance ministry said the tariff rate for frozen pork will be cut to 8% from the most-favored-nation duty of 12%, as China copes to plug a huge supply gap after a severe pig disease decimated its hog herd.

An outbreak of African swine fever that started in August last year has nearly halved China’s pig herd, official data showed, sending pork prices soaring to record levels.

Beijing has issued a series of measures to boost pig production, while increasing imports of various meats to meet domestic demand.

China brought in 229,707 tonnes of pork in November, up more than 150% from the previous year. Pork imports CNC-PORK-IMP for the first 11 months of the year stood at 1.733 million tonnes, up 58% from a year earlier.

China will also lower temporary import tariffs for ferroniobium – used as an additive to high strength low alloy steel and stainless steel for oil and gas pipelines, cars and trucks – from 1% to zero in 2020 to support its high-tech development.

The country brought in 35,909 tonnes of ferroniobium in 2018 and 37,818 tonnes for the first 10 months of this year.

The tariff rate for frozen avocado was cut to 7% from the most-favored-nation duty of 30%, the ministry said.

China’s economy is expanding at its weakest rate in nearly 30 years and could face more downward pressure next year, but the government has vowed to keep growth within a reasonable range in 2020 and keep policies forward-looking and effective.

U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said China had agreed to buy $200 billion worth of additional U.S. goods and services over the next two years as part of the Phase 1 trade pact to be signed in early January. If the purchases are made, they would represent a huge jump in U.S. exports to China.

Beijing has said the increased purchases are in line with the growing need of the Chinese people, as the country opens its markets further to global trade.

Tariffs for some asthma and diabetes medications will be set at zero, the ministry said, while duties on some wood and paper products will be lowered too.

Import tariffs on multi-component semiconductors will be cut to zero.

China will also further lower most-favored-nation import tariffs on some information technology products from July 1, the ministry said.

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Dazi, la Cina taglia le tariffe sull’importazione di oltre 850 prodotti da gennaio

Tra i prodotti per cui è prevista una riduzione compaiono la carne di maiale, gli avocado congelati. Le tariffe saranno, invece, azzerate, per i farmaci anti-asma e per le materie prime dei farmaci anti-diabete.

Dal 1 gennaio 2020 la Cina ha annunciato il taglio delle tariffe sull’importazione di oltre 850 prodotti, dalla carne di maiale congelata ad alcuni tipi di semi-conduttori. Ad annunciarlo la Commissione per le Tariffe Doganali del Consiglio di Stato, il governo cinese. La mossa giunge mentre la Cina sta ultimando i dettagli dell’intesa raggiunta con gli Stati Uniti sulla fase uno della disputa tariffaria anche se non appare direttamente collegata ad essa e gli Usa non vengono menzionati nel comunicato, e mentre si registrano progressi per un accordo di libero scambio con Giappone e Corea del Sud. La decisione di ridurre le tariffe, spiega la nota diffusa dall’agenzia Xinhua, è quello di «espandere le importazioni, promuovere il coordinato sviluppo di commercio e investimenti, avanzare lo sviluppo di alta qualità della costruzione congiunta dell’iniziativa Belt and Road», la Nuova Via della Seta, lanciata nel 2013 dal presidente cinese, Xi Jinping. 

Tra i prodotti per cui è prevista una riduzione delle tariffe compaiono la carne di maiale congelata – all’8%, una mossa che pare diretta a contrastare il forte rincaro dei prezzi dopo l’epidemia di peste suina africana che ha decimato allevamenti in tutta la Cina – gli avocado congelati (al 7%) e il succo d’arancia non congelato. Le tariffe saranno, invece, azzerate, per i farmaci anti-asma e per le materie prime dei farmaci anti-diabete, così come per alcuni semi-conduttori. La mossa prevede anche la riduzione delle tariffe su 176 prodotti tecnologici importati a partire dal 1 luglio 2020, e un abbassamento delle tariffe sui prodotti in legno e carta a partire dall’inizio del prossimo anno.