Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Cop25. Von der Leyen all’attacco sul clima in attesa dell’11 dicembre.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-12-06.

Unione Europea

Quello del ‘clima’ è stato il più gigantesco business mai messo in campo nella storia.

In estrema sintesi, indicando nelle variazioni climatiche un futuro pericolo di vita o di morte, la componente liberal democratica negli Stati Uniti e quella liberal socialista nell’Unione Europea hanno invocato colossali investimenti pubblici, destinati a sovvenzionare a fondo perso gli ambienti e le imprese liberal, e, ovviamente, il personale delle medesime.

Nel 2016 proprio quando tutti i governi liberal occidentali avevano sottoscritto gli Accordi di Parigi sul ‘clima’, l’elezione di Mr Trump a presidente degli Stati Uniti ed i crolli dei partiti liberal tradizionali in Europa sconvolsero l’assetto politico occidentale. Come risultato, Stati Uniti e Brasile revocarono tale Accordo, e Francia e Germania diventarono molto più tiepidi in materia. In Francia il partito socialista era crollato al 6% ed in Germania la Große Koalition perse nel breve volgere di qualche anno oltre la metà del consenso popolare.

Quindi, mentre l’economia americana, cinese, indiana e russa continuavano a prosperare, l’Unione Europea piombò in una severa recessione economica, con contrazione del comparto produttivo.

A seguito di codesti eventi, i sostenitori del ‘clima’ si ritrovarono senza sostanziale appoggio politico e preclusi all’accesso ai fondi che avevano preventivato poter usufruire. Ma senza cospicui fondi pubblici il ‘clima’ è destinato a morte sicura.

Europarlamento. Approvato il budget 2020. Roba da miserabili. 168.7 mld.

Eurozona. Ecb. don Chiscotte carica i mulini a vento. Riserve valutarie scese a 816.49 mld.

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La componente liberal socialista dell’europarlamento non sa darsi pace, non sa rassegnarsi all’evidenza dei fatti. Senza quei denari è morta.

«About 200 heads of government and state and more than 25,000 delegates from all over the world, will gather at the UN climate conference (COP25) on Monday (2 December) to address the challenges of the climate change»

«Establishing rules for carbon markets and finding a common time frame will be the priorities for COP25. “In the crucial 12 months ahead, it is essential that we secure more ambitious national commitments – particularly from the main emitters – to immediately start reducing greenhouse gas emissions at a pace consistent to reaching carbon neutrality by 2050,”»

«The negotiations will focus on article six of the 2015 Paris Agreement, referring to the regulation of carbon markets system that is set to help countries decarbonise their economies at lower cost – this is the last section of the rulebook which remains unresolved»

«The COP25 will take place days after the European Union collectively declared a “climate emergency” and three weeks after Donald Trump confirmed the United States’ withdrawal from the Paris Agreement …. »

«However, the lack of agreement might undermine the entire accord and even lead to an increase in emissions»

* * *

«The “set of deeply transformative policies” that appear in a draft document of the new climate EU law – seen by EUobserver – have not convinced environmental NGOs, such as Greenpeace, which believes that the new European Commission’s proposals are “too weak, half-baked or missing altogether”»

«The incoming commissioner for the Green Deal, Frans Timmermans, is expected to present the draft of this new environmental EU law to the MEPs in an extraordinary plenary session that will take place in Brussels on 11 December»

«According to the leaked document, the commission “will present a comprehensive plan on how to increase the EU’s greenhouse gas emission reduction target for 2030 to at least 50 percent and towards 55 percent” by October 2020. …. This follows the declaration of a global “climate emergency” by MEPs on Thursday and their agreement to cut 55 percent of emissions by 2030 to ensure climate neutrality by 2050»

« This has triggered some MEPs and environmental groups to demand more ambitious targets from the Green Deal and the future first legally-binding climate law in Europe»

* * *

«’Diventare nel 2050 il primo continente climaticamente neutrale’. …. Parte subito all’attacco sul fronte clima la nuova presidente della Commissione europea, Ursula von der Leyen: “Dobbiamo essere ambiziosi e all’avanguardia e diventare nel 2050 il primo continente climaticamente neutrale”.»

«Il primo vero banco di prova per la politica ‘green’ dell’Europa sarà comunque il vertice Ue in programma a Bruxelles per il 12 e 13 dicembre prossimi»

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Germania. Damler annuncia altri 10,000 licenziamenti.

Bloomberg. La devoluzione, agonia travagliata della socialdemocrazia.

Automotive. In arrivo raffiche di licenziamenti, anche in Italia.

Europa. Rigurgita liquidità in vigile attesa. Oltre 10,000 miliardi. Il tappo sono i governi.

Eurozona. Ecb. don Chiscotte carica i mulini a vento. Riserve valutarie scese a 816.49 mld.

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Né ci si illuda che in futuro le cose possano migliorare.

Pil 2018 – 2022. – Previsioni dell’IMF. Grandi sorprese in arrivo.

«Nel 2022 la Cina è proiettata ad un pil ppa di 34,465 miliardi di Usd, gli Stati Uniti di 23,505, e l’India di 15,262 Usd. La Germania è stimata a 4.9 trilioni Usd e la Francia a 3.4»

Senza denari non si va da nessuna parte e l’Unione Europea deve rassegnarsi al fatto di essere quota residuale dl pil mondiale. Il resto del mondo viaggia a carbone, ed alla grande.

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EU’s new Green Deal slammed as ‘half-baked’ before launch.

The “set of deeply transformative policies” that appear in a draft document of the new climate EU law – seen by EUobserver – have not convinced environmental NGOs, such as Greenpeace, which believes that the new European Commission’s proposals are “too weak, half-baked or missing altogether”.

The incoming commissioner for the Green Deal, Frans Timmermans, is expected to present the draft of this new environmental EU law to the MEPs in an extraordinary plenary session that will take place in Brussels on 11 December.

However, according to Franziska Achterberg of Greenpeace, “responding to the climate and ecological crises require a fundamental rethink of the economic system that for decades has rewarded pollution, environmental destruction and human exploitation”.

“This plan barely scratches the surface,” she said.

According to the leaked document, the commission “will present a comprehensive plan on how to increase the EU’s greenhouse gas emission reduction target for 2030 to at least 50 percent and towards 55 percent” by October 2020.

This follows the declaration of a global “climate emergency” by MEPs on Thursday and their agreement to cut 55 percent of emissions by 2030 to ensure climate neutrality by 2050.

“I will be vigilant to ensure that the political proposals made in the coming weeks are in line with the urgency to find common solutions to the unfolding climate and environmental crisis, particularly in the context of the European commission’s communication on the Green Deal early December,” liberal MEP Pascal Canfin said on Thursday. He chairs the parliament’s committee on environment, public health and food safety (ENVI).

Given that scientists estimate that the world is currently heading for a 3.2 degrees temperature rise, global greenhouse-gas emissions need to fall at least by 7.6 percent each year between 2020 and 2030 to keep global temperatures as close as possible to 1.5ºC above pre-industrial levels – the main goal of the 2016 UN Paris Agreement.

Thus, the EU’s proposal to increase the targets to 50 percent or 55 percent, compared to 1990, would not be in line with the Paris Agreement objectives.

‘Incoherent legislation’

This has triggered some MEPs and environmental groups to demand more ambitious targets from the Green Deal and the future first legally-binding climate law in Europe.

The Greens are calling for a target of at least 65 percent, while the leftist group GUE/NGL believes that to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees, emissions should be reduced by 70 percent in 10 years.

Greenpeace and other environmental organisations agree with an at least 65 percent emission cut by 2030.

The new commission promises to eliminate “incoherent legislation that reduces the effectiveness in delivering the Green Deal”.

This will include an “action plan on green financing” – which is scheduled to be submitted in June 2020.

Among the financial measures, the commission wants to push negotiations for a high climate and environmental ambition within the next multi-annual financial framework (MFF) – which is likely to keep funding fossil fuel projects – to support the European Investment Bank’s transformation to become Europe’s ‘Climate Bank’, or to revise the Energy Taxation Directive.

However, there is no mention of a possible tax on aviation fuel (kerosene tax), which the incoming commissioner for the Green Deal, Frans Timmermans, recently backed.

The next commissioner for transport, Adina Vălean, suggested earlier this month during her hearing that such a taxation “will be a burden on the mobility of people”.

There is also no mention of the announced carbon border tax on imports – which would protect EU companies forced to comply with tough greenhouse gas rules.

Transport

The new legislation also promises a shift towards “smart and safe zero-emission mobility,” supporting the shift from road and aviation to rail and deploying alternative infrastructure and fuels.

Likewise, the commission will adopt “a comprehensive strategy for sustainable and smart mobility by 2020” addressing all sources of emissions from the transport sector, proposing to incorporate the maritime sector in the EU emission trading scheme, but also “assess the possibility of including road transport emissions”.

Additionally, von der Leyen’s team will try to ensure high environmental and climate ambition in the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), since the CAP is seen as one of the most important mechanisms to both support and green environmental and climate action in the agricultural sector – one of the world’s most significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions.

“The climate does not negotiate and the longer we wait to make the necessary changes in our economy, the more difficult and expensive it will be. Declaring an emergency is just not good enough,” said Greenpeace EU climate policy adviser Sebastian Mang.

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COP25 talks open in Madrid, with focus on carbon market

About 200 heads of government and state and more than 25,000 delegates from all over the world, will gather at the UN climate conference (COP25) on Monday to negotiate on a carbon market system and establish a common time frame.

About 200 heads of government and state and more than 25,000 delegates from all over the world, will gather at the UN climate conference (COP25) on Monday (2 December) to address the challenges of the climate change.

Establishing rules for carbon markets and finding a common time frame will be the priorities for COP25.

“In the crucial 12 months ahead, it is essential that we secure more ambitious national commitments – particularly from the main emitters – to immediately start reducing greenhouse gas emissions at a pace consistent to reaching carbon neutrality by 2050,” said UN secretary-general António Guterres on Sunday.

The negotiations will focus on article six of the 2015 Paris Agreement, referring to the regulation of carbon markets system that is set to help countries decarbonise their economies at lower cost – this is the last section of the rulebook which remains unresolved.

Governments are also set to update their national contributions plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions – that they can formally express throughout 2020.

Most of the national climate plans include the use of carbon markets to achieve emissions reductions with different mechanisms, meaning that governments and private sectors can trade emissions reductions.

However, the lack of agreement might undermine the entire accord and even lead to an increase in emissions.

The World Meteorological Organization announced last month that greenhouse gas concentrations reached their highest recorded level in 2018 and the UN warned that the world is currently heading towards a 3.2 degrees temperature rise from pre-industrial levels.

The president of the new commission, Ursula von der Leyen, wants Europe “to become the first climate-neutral content.”

However, a new UN environment programme report released this week concluded that global greenhouse-gas emissions need to fall at least by 7.6 percent each year between 2020 and 2030 to keep temperature rises as close as possible to just 1.5 degrees.

Under that scenario, the EU’s proposal to increase the targets to 50 percent or 55 percent, compared to 1990, would not be in line with the Paris Agreement objectives to keep global temperatures under 1.5 degrees.

However, a lot depends on G20 countries, who account for around 78 percent of global emissions.

The UN conference will also pave the way for next year’s COP26 summit in Glasgow when countries are expected to boost the climate commitments they made in 2015 in Paris.

Venue moved twice

The COP25 was initially scheduled to be held in Brazil. But It was moved to Chile after the Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro was widely criticised by environmentalists for his policies on the Amazon region.

However, following violent protests and civil unrest in Chile, the government announced at the end of October that the country was ceding the hosting of the UN climate conference to Spain, although Chile remains overall in charge of COP25.

The COP25 will take place days after the European Union collectively declared a “climate emergency” and three weeks after Donald Trump confirmed the United States’ withdrawal from the Paris Agreement.

According to a statement, the US will have a diplomatic team but no senior members of Donald Trump’s administration at the COP25.

“The United States will continue to participate in ongoing climate change negotiations and meetings – such as COP25 – to ensure a level playing field that protects US interests,” the US State Department said on Saturday.

The Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) has also voiced its concerns about the risks of small island and low-lying coastal states whose future might depend on national plans of industrialised countries.

However, according to Spain’s minister for the ecological transition, Teresa Ribera, “COP25 will reaffirm that multilateralism is the best tool to solve global challenges such as climate change”.

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Von der Leyen all’attacco sul clima, domani a Cop25

‘Diventare nel 2050 il primo continente climaticamente neutrale’.

Parte subito all’attacco sul fronte clima la nuova presidente della Commissione europea, Ursula von der Leyen: “Dobbiamo essere ambiziosi e all’avanguardia e diventare nel 2050 il primo continente climaticamente neutrale”. Appena preso ufficialmente possesso del suo ufficio al tredicesimo piano del palazzo Berlaymont, il quartier generale dell’esecutivo europeo, von der Leyen ha sottolineato che “tutti sanno quanto sia urgente” intervenire contro i cambiamenti climatici per avviare quell’inversione di tendenza che avrà bisogno di “una generazione” per dare frutti.

“E’ nell’interesse comune fare il massimo”, ha detto poi con il pensiero rivolto ai Paesi meno entusiasti come la Polonia. “I fenomeni meteorologici di questi ultimi due anni non sono nuovi, ma mai erano stati così intensi e frequenti”. Certo la strada non sarà in discesa, viste le resistenze di giganti come Usa e India, ma anche di partner europei. Ma fin da domani a Madrid, dove si apre la Cop25, la nuova presidente della Commissione parlerà dell’emergenza clima con diversi colleghi.

Perché, ha ribadito von der Leyen, il News Green Deal Ue che sarà presentato all’Europarlamento mercoledì 11 dicembre sarà al centro della strategia geopolitica e di sviluppo economico dell’Unione. Il primo vero banco di prova per la politica ‘green’ dell’Europa sarà comunque il vertice Ue in programma a Bruxelles per il 12 e 13 dicembre prossimi. Intanto oggi la nuova stagione Ue, apertasi formalmente con l’insediamento di von der Leyen, Charles Michel (Consiglio Europeo) e di Christine Lagarde (Bce) è stata celebrata con una cerimonia organizzata dal presidente dell’Europarlamento, David Sassoli, per ricordare i dieci anni del Trattato di Lisbona.

Un accordo meno ambizioso della Costituzione europea bocciata da referendum nazionali, ma che ha comunque sancito un importante “rafforzamento della democrazia rappresentativa” a livello dell’Unione, come ha ricordato Sassoli. Il quale ha sottolineato anche come sia arrivato il momento di “trasformare le promesse in realtà” per rispondere alle attese dei cittadini. Ed anche Lagarde ha posto l’accento sulla necessità di passare da una fase di “riparazione”, come quella vissuta negli ultimi dieci anni, a una di “rinnovamento e speranza” per rispondere ai profondi cambiamenti – economici, tecnologici e climatici – intervenuti in questo lasso di tempo.