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Unione Europea. Conflitto armato tra Consiglio Europeo e Parlamento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-10-21.

Brüghel il Vecchio. La parabola dei ciechi.

I trattati ed i regolamenti dell’Unione Europea sono stati scritti in modo così ambiguamente complesso da rendere questa struttura non governabile.

Se al Consiglio Europeo, che riunisce i capi di stato e di governo, spetta la direzione politica dell’Unione, il Parlamento Europeo dovrebbe vidimarne tutte le decisioni prese. La Commissione Europea altro non sarebbe che una specie di esecutivo. Ciascuna di queste tre componenti gode della possibilità di veto oppure di opposizione.

Tutto filava liscio quando i leader si riunivano in loggia, prendevano le decisioni sul da farsi, e quindi, toltisi il grembiulino, salivano sul proscenio politico a recitare ciascuno la sua parte, secondo copione.

Ma maggio sono state tenute le elezioni europee che hanno esitato in un europarlamento conflittualmente diviso. Il blocco prima egemone, partito popolare e partito socialista persero quasi un centinaio di seggi, e con essi la maggioranza. Nel frattempo, cambiarono anche molti capi di governo. Tutti i pregressi equilibri politici ne risultarono alterati.

Lo scontro frontale divenne quindi mandatorio, tentando ciascuna componente di prevalere sull’altra.

Dapprima fu bocciata la candidatura a Presidente della Commissione di Herr Weber, lo Spitzenkandidat dei popolari, quindi Mr Timmermans, lo Spitzenkandidat del partito socialista. Alla fine, disperati, il Consiglio Europeo dette la nomination a Mrs Ursula von der Leyen.

L’europarlamento si divise così in sue sottofazioni: i favorevoli ed i contrari. La von der Leyen fu approvata dall’europarlamento con una maggioranza abborracciata ed uno scarto di qualche voto. Furono determinanti i voti dei polacchi, degli ungheresi e degli eurodeputati del movimento cinque stelle. Quelli del partito democratico votarono invece contro.

Per regolamento, se Mrs von der Leyen può scegliere e nei fatti nominare i presidenti delle Commissioni, questi dovrebbero però avere il placet, non vincolante ma politicamente rilevante, dell’europarlamento, il quale bocciò i candidati francese, polacco ed ungherese. A seguito di ciò, si procrastinò di un mese l’entrata in carica della von der Leyen.

Una cosa sono i casus belli ed un’altra la lotta per la vita o la morte politica del Consiglio Europeo e dell’Europarlamento.

* * * * * * *

«EU leaders to warn von der Leyen over ‘giving in’ to MEPs»

«EU leaders are expected to tell European commission president-elect Ursula von der Leyen to “rebalance” her priorities in line with that of member states – and not “give in” to the European parliament»

«Von der Leyen will meet all EU leaders for the first time since her nomination at the EU summit on Thursday (17 October). The launch of her commission has been delayed by a month, until 1 December, after three commissioners failed to get the European parliament’s approval at their hearings this month»

«EU diplomats agreed the message will be relayed to her cordially. Nevertheless, it serves as a reminder to the new commission chief that she was nominated by the EU leaders, not by parliament»

«There may be a message to her that what happened in the European parliament from July on, especially during the [commissioner-designate] hearings, [that] giving in to the parliament doesn’t help the institutional relations»

«referring to von der Leyen’s efforts during the summer to secure a parliamentary majority for her own nomination vote»

«Compromise in the parliament is important, but it is also important for her to have consensus with the council [of member states]»

«It is clear that there are growing pains when it comes to needing a coalition of three political groupings, which is clearly not familiar to the European Parliament»

«Political leaders in the parliament, which pushed the lead candidate concept, where the winning group of the European elections should be given the commission presidency post, were upset by the EU leaders’ move»

«In July, von der Leyen secured the support of the parliament by just nine votes after a speech that reached out to the centre-left, liberals and Greens»

«Von der Leyen is also expected to set out to EU leaders how she sees the confirmation process, timetable, the composition of her team, as commissioner candidates from Hungary, and Romania had also been rejected earlier»

* * * * * * *

Questa lotta di orgoglio e pregiudizio si sta attuando proprio nel momento in cui, anche se per motivi differenti, Frau Merkel e Mr Macron hanno perso larga quota di potere e di moral suasion: il vecchio asse francogermanico è solo un pallido fantasma di ciò che era in passato.

A livello mondiale i liberal socialisti stanno subendo smacco dopo smacco, e la forza di Alleanza Progressista sembrerebbe essere svanita per sempre.

A ciò si aggiunga una recessione economica dell’eurozona, recessione che si sta incanalando verso una depressione schietta: i problemi economici stanno diventando sempre più rilevanti. La produzione industriale europea sta squagliandosi come neve messa nella fornace.

Difficile prevedere il futuro, ma nessuno si stupirebbe se Mrs Ursula von der Leyan alla fine dimostrasse di avere grinta politica. In fondo, deve tutto a chi la ha nominata.

*


EU Observer. 2019-10-20. EU leaders to warn von der Leyen over ‘giving in’ to MEPs

EU leaders are expected to tell European commission president-elect Ursula von der Leyen to “rebalance” her priorities in line with that of member states – and not “give in” to the European parliament, several EU diplomats said on Wednesday (16 October).

Von der Leyen will meet all EU leaders for the first time since her nomination at the EU summit on Thursday (17 October).

The launch of her commission has been delayed by a month, until 1 December, after three commissioners failed to get the European parliament’s approval at their hearings this month.

EU diplomats agreed the message will be relayed to her cordially. Nevertheless, it serves as a reminder to the new commission chief that she was nominated by the EU leaders, not by parliament.

“There may be a message to her that what happened in the European parliament from July on, especially during the [commissioner-designate] hearings, [that] giving in to the parliament doesn’t help the institutional relations,” one senior diplomat said, referring to von der Leyen’s efforts during the summer to secure a parliamentary majority for her own nomination vote.

“What she was doing in parliament, pleasing them, is very important for a successful end of the [confirmation] process, but there is also the council part. [We want to] make sure she understands the inter-institutional balance,” the diplomat added.

“Compromise in the parliament is important, but it is also important for her to have consensus with the council [of member states],” the diplomat said.

“Leaders will send signals on what are the priorities of the member states, to rebalance a bit the input she received from the parliament,” another senior diplomat confirmed.

Some diplomats have said leaders are looking to more strongly link their so-called “strategy agenda” adopted in June, and the priorities of the new commission – with one official pointing to more emphasis on industrial strategies as an example of this.

Growing pains

Leaders want to have a discussion on “how to proceed”, and other diplomats stressed they first what to hear von der Leyen’s assessment.

“Things have clearly started on a footing which is not constructive, they would like to hear from her, how she perceives this situation,” a third diplomat said.

“It is clear that there are growing pains when it comes to needing a coalition of three political groupings, which is clearly not familiar to the European Parliament,” the diplomat added.

The former German defence minister was picked by the EU leaders in early July to run the new commission after they dismissedthe lead candidates of the centre-right European People’s Party (EPP) – also the party of von der Leyen – and the Socialists.

Political leaders in the parliament, which pushed the lead candidate concept, where the winning group of the European elections should be given the commission presidency post, were upset by the EU leaders’ move.

In July, von der Leyen secured the support of the parliament by just nine votes after a speech that reached out to the centre-left, liberals and Greens.

The 60-year-old new commission chief, who was born in Brussels but has little experience in the fierce institutional battles in the EU capital, is stuck between a rock and a hard place.

While she needs the support of the parliament to approve her new commission, and legislation further down the line, she was nominated by EU leaders for the job.

Nevertheless, her exchange with EU leaders is not expected to be “a grilling” or a “hot debate” – although last week French president Emmanuel Macron lashed out at von der Leyen after the parliament rejected the French commissioner candidate, Sylvie Goulard.

“I believe president Macron calmed down a bit,” quipped one diplomat.

Von der Leyen is also expected to set out to EU leaders how she sees the confirmation process, timetable, the composition of her team, as commissioner candidates from Hungary, and Romania had also been rejected earlier.