Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Geopolitica Asiatica

Filippine. Una situazione da seguire con cura per imparare.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-10-01.

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Le Filippine sono uno stato ancora in fascia povertà, ma che sta emergendo con un ritmo di crescita davvero sorprendente.

Se il pil ammontava a 76.262 miliardi Usd nel 2001, a fine 2018 era salito a 330.846 miliardi Usd: era salito 4.34 volte nel breve volgere di diciotto anni.

Similmente è salito il pil procapite, da 970 Usd a 3,102 Usd procapite. Si noti però come il pil ppa procapite sia 8,229 Usd.

Moody’s  assegna alle Filippine un rating di Baa2, S&P di BBB+ e Ficht di BBB.

Per comparazione, questi sono i rating dell’Italia: Baa3, BBB, e BBB, rispettivamente.

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Un aspetto di tale crescita che lascia sconcertati i cultori delle moderne teorie economiche è che un simile risultato è stato ottenuto non solo senza innalzare il debito pubblico, bensì riducendolo dal 61.55% al 39.92%.

Eppure le Filippine si sviluppano al ritmo medio superiore al 6% annuo, e questo risutlato è stato raggiunto senza la necessità che lo stato ‘stimolasse’ il sistema economico.

È bastato soltanto che Mr Duterte avesse riportato un po’ di legalità, ordine e disciplina, e cordiali rapporti con i vicini:

«on the basis of mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit»

In fondo basta ben poco: solo un po’ di buona volontà.

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China, Philippines common interests ‘far greater’ than differences: Li

«Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said Friday that the common interests between China and the Philippines far outweigh the differences in his meeting with visiting Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte.

Li said that China is willing to cooperate with the Philippines on the basis of mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit, and seek better synergy between the Belt and Road Initiative and the Philippines’ “Build, Build, Build” program, so as to promote sustained, stable and healthy development of bilateral relations and cooperation.

Li said that the current situation in the South China Sea is generally stable and the countries in the region are living in peace.

China always acts with the greatest sincerity and is willing to work together with the Philippines and ASEAN countries to achieve the Code of Conduct (COC) in the South China Sea in the period when the Philippines serves as a coordinating country for China-ASEAN relations, said Li.

Li also expected joint efforts to promote offshore oil and gas development, and safeguard peace and stability in the South China Sea and the region.»

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GDP improves in Philippines

«Gross Domestic Product of Philippines grew 6.2% in 2018 compared to last year. This rate is 5 -tenths of one percent less than the figure of 6.7% published in 2017.

The GDP figure in 2018 was $330,846 million, Philippines is number 39 in the ranking of GDP of the 196 countries that we publish. The absolute value of GDP in Philippines rose $17,251 million with respect to 2017.

The GDP per capita of Philippines in 2018 was $3,102, $113 less than in 2017, when it was $2,989. To view the evolution of the GDP per capita, it is interesting to look back a few years and compare these data with those of 2008 when the GDP per capita in Philippines was $1,941.

If we order the countries according to their GDP per capita, Philippines is in 132th position, its population has a low level of affluence compare to the 196 countries whose GDP we publish.

Here we show you the progression of the GDP in Philippines. You can see GDP in other countries in GDP and see all the economic information about Philippines in Philippines’s economy.»

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«The national debt increased in Philippines

In 2017 Philippines public debt was 125,240 million dollars, has increased 6,223 million since 2016.

This amount means that the debt in 2017 reached 39.92% of Philippines GDP, a 0.89 percentage point rise from 2016, when it was 39.03% of GDP.

If we check the tables we can see the evolution of Philippines debt. It has risen since 2007 in global debt terms, when it was 78,244 million dollars although it has fallen as a percentage of GDP, when it amounted to 52.39%.

According to the last data point published, Philippines per capita debt in 2017 was 1,194 dollars per inhabitant. In 2016 it was 1,153 dollars, afterwards rising by 41 dollars, and if we again check 2007 we can see that then the debt per person was 882 dollars .

The position of Philippines, as compared with the rest of the world, has worsened in 2017 in terms of GDP percentage. Currently it is country number 66 in the list of debt to GDP and 63 in debt per capita, out of the 186 we publish.

In this page we show you the progression of the public debt in Philippines. You can see debt in other countries in Public debt and see all the information about Philippines in economy of Philippines.»