Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ideologia liberal, Unione Europea

Unione Europea. Si avvicina lo scontro finale. Visegrad.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-21.

Visegrad 001

Dalle ultime elezioni europee sia il ppe sia il pse sono usciti con una perdita complessiva di quasi cento seggi, e con essi hanno perso la maggioranza. Non sono riusciti ad imporre i propri candidati alla Presidenza della Commissione Europea e Mrs Ursula von der Leyen è uscita con una esigua maggioranza di voti, procuratale da Frau Merkel che aveva telefonato a polacchi ed ungheresi chiedendo loro di votare quella candidata.

Grande è stato lo smacco dei liberal socialisti, la bocca dei quali è stata raddolcita un pochino concedendo loro un posticino per Herr Timmermans.

Ma i liberal non sanno darsi pace, e stanno attaccando a testa bassa. Incuranti della situazione economica in progressivo disfacimento, puntano sui temi loro cari.

Non possono tollerare il fatto che il Consiglio europeo e la Commissione si siano riappropriati delle competenze decisionali di loro spettanza, né al fatto di essere stati ridotti dalle elezioni a minoranza.

È infine una lotta tra chi concepisce l’Unione Europea come uno stato centralizzato a guida liberal, e quanti lo concepiscono con un confederazione economica di stati sovrani ed indipendenti.

«We have been defending Europe, the European identity, the Christian culture, the European way of life for centuries, we should be supported, not attacked, …. protecting the European way of life» [Weltanschauung ungherese]

Compreso questo, tutta la questione su Polonia ed Ungheria risulta essere chiara.


EU divided on how to protect rule of law

«Poland and Hungary have argued that rule of law is purely a domestic matter and the EU should respect legal traditions, but Dutch foreign minister warned backsliding was a worry for all.

While several ministers highlighted the need for a well-functioning rule of law as the basis of the EU, ministers from Hungary and Poland emphasised the particular national characteristics of different legal traditions.

“The EU is not just a collective of states which want to enhance its economic well-being through mutual trade, but we are also a union of values, like democracy, fundamental rights, and rule of law,” Dutch foreign minister Stef Blok warned.»

* * * * * * *

«EU affairs ministers on Monday (16 September) held their first hearing on Hungary over concerns that the Budapest government curbed judicial and press freedoms, clamped down on civil society, and weakened the rule of law and checks on the government»

«Hungary’s justice minister Judit Varga dismissed the procedure as a “political witch-hunt”»

«Monday’s hearing was the first of its kind concerning Hungary under the Article 7 sanctions procedure»

«A year ago the European Parliament triggered the process, following mounting concerns over the country’s democratic backsliding»

«Varga told reporters the procedure was part of the “revenge campaign of the pro-migration elite” because Hungary has said no to migration»

«”We have been defending Europe, the European identity, the Christian culture, the European way of life for centuries, we should be supported, not attacked,” she told reporters, in a clear echo of the commission’s rebranding of its migration portfolio as “protecting the European way of life.”»

«Their questions focused partly on academic and media freedom. …. Prime minister Viktor Orban’s government and its allies took control of the public media and most of the country’s private news media, and drove out the Central European University, founded by US billionaire philanthropist George Soros, from Budapest.»

«It is unclear where the procedure will lead. Article 7 can end with the suspension of voting rights, but that requires unanimity among EU countries, and Poland – which is also under the same disciplinary process – had already said it would veto any such move»

* * *

«The controversial title for a future commission vice-president’s role, of “protecting the European way of life”, is creating deep divisions in the European parliament as MEPs prepare to debate the new executive of president-elect Ursula von der Leyen»

«Socialists, liberals and greens have raised questions about the definition of the European “way of life”. …. They are concerned that when linked to migration, as in the job description for Greek commission-designate Margaritis Schinas, it panders to the far-right»

«Manfred Weber, the group leader of the centre-right European People’s Party (EPP), von der Leyen’s party, on Tuesday (17 September) defended the job title. “We should not allow that right [wing] extremist, like Marine Le Pen, hijack the European way of life debate, it is our debate, it is a Christian democratic debate, a debate with socialists, liberals, it is a traditional debate of the political centre,” …. a lot of Europeans who felt “helpless in a world where we have so much uncertainty”, and that they were “looking for orientations and also for a positive identity”.»

«Socialist group leader Iratxe Garcia said her group is against the name, especially with the title being linked to migration»

«”If I listen to [Hungary’s PM] Viktor Orban, [the European way of life] is a marriage between a man and a woman, and they have many children, the woman stays home to take care of the children, they go to mass on Sunday,” he quipped. Orban is a suspended member of EPP»

«The former German defence minister had been criticised by MEPs for not debating them about the new commission in the plenary session»

* * * * * * *

In questa Unione Europea si stanno scontrando i tre centri di potere: il Consiglio Europeo, la Commissione e l’europarlamento. avendo questo ultimo perso il primo round.

I liberal socialisti vorrebbero imporre a tutti la condivisione della loro ideologia, che essi ritengono essere verità assoluta e fondamento dell’Unione Europea.

Ma le elezioni europee prima, le variazioni di composizione del Consiglio Europeo dopo, non aggradano con tale visione.

Così, invece di dibattere sull’incipiente regressione economica e su come cercare di contrastarla, gli europarlamentari liberal hanno optato per una battaglia su quelli che essi ritengono essere loro principi etici.

Ma al momento vi sarebbero molti dubbi che possano spuntarla.

* * * * * * *


EU Observer. 2019-09-18. Defending the ‘European way of life’ name splits MEPs

The controversial title for a future commission vice-president’s role, of “protecting the European way of life”, is creating deep divisions in the European parliament as MEPs prepare to debate the new executive of president-elect Ursula von der Leyen.

Socialists, liberals and greens have raised questions about the definition of the European “way of life”.

They are concerned that when linked to migration, as in the job description for Greek commission-designate Margaritis Schinas, it panders to the far-right.

On Monday, French far-right opposition leader Marine Le Pen hailed the title as an “ideological victory”.

Manfred Weber, the group leader of the centre-right European People’s Party (EPP), von der Leyen’s party, on Tuesday (17 September) defended the job title.

“We should not allow that right [wing] extremist, like Marine Le Pen, hijack the European way of life debate, it is our debate, it is a Christian democratic debate, a debate with socialists, liberals, it is a traditional debate of the political centre,” he said in Strasbourg.

Weber said the title is a good one, and EPP will defend it.

“Is there someone in the room who wants to live the Chinese way of life, the African way of life or the American way of life? I want to live the European way of life, with solidarity, with democracy, with protecting human rights, especially when it is about migrants, it is absolutely clear, […] tolerance,” he told reporters.

Weber, who ran for von der Leyen’s job before the European elections in May, had also used the term “defending the European way of life” in his campaign.

He said that he had met a lot of Europeans who felt “helpless in a world where we have so much uncertainty”, and that they were “looking for orientations and also for a positive identity”.

Weber said he cannot see the problem with the title.

“This means to rescue people in the Mediterranean, it is not to close harbours,” the Bavarian politician added on his definition of the European way of life.

Von der Leyen also defended her choice of words over the weekend, quoting the fundamental values of the EU, without mentioning migration.

‘Needs to change’

But the issue has emerged as a key obstacle for other parties to approve von der Leyen’s commission in October.

Socialist group leader Iratxe Garcia said her group is against the name, especially with the title being linked to migration.

“The European way of life shouldn’t threaten a migration policy, which is underpinned by the principles of solidarity, this is the point she ought to have made,” the Spanish MEP said.

She said that the title needs to change.

Green co-chair Philippe Lamberts suggested that the title reflected von der Leyen’s efforts to cater to the right.

“She decided to give promises to the right, even to the far-right, that is my interpretation of the various portfolios, including Schinas’ portfolio,” he told reporters in Strasbourg.

Lamberts said that in her July speech to the parliament, von der Leyen reached out to the Socialists and the Greens, but then her new commission and the promises made by it now lean towards the right.

“Migration is presented as a problem of security and our way of life. Migrants are seen as attackers and terrorists who do not sign up to our values,” Lamberts said of the title.

“If I listen to [Hungary’s PM] Viktor Orban, [the European way of life] is a marriage between a man and a woman, and they have many children, the woman stays home to take care of the children, they go to mass on Sunday,” he quipped. Orban is a suspended member of EPP.

“They tried to imprison kids as long as they are migrants, they put up barbed wire, is this the European way of life? I happen to be European and this is not my way of life,” the Belgian politician added.

Lamberts said sticking to the title doesn’t help the new commission chief’s credentials with the Greens.

Von der Leyen on Thursday will attend a meeting of the European Parliament group leaders and other top parliament officials, which will take place behind closed doors.

The former German defence minister had been criticised by MEPs for not debating them about the new commission in the plenary session.

* * *


EU Observer. 2019-09-17. Hungary claims EU ‘witch-hunt’ over rule of law hearing

EU affairs ministers on Monday (16 September) held their first hearing on Hungary over concerns that the Budapest government curbed judicial and press freedoms, clamped down on civil society, and weakened the rule of law and checks on the government.

Hungary’s justice minister Judit Varga dismissed the procedure as a “political witch-hunt”.

Finnish EU affairs state minister Tytti Tuppurainen retorted by saying that it is “of course, not a witch-hunt, it is not against anyone”, but a procedure based in the EU treaties. “This is not a trial,” she added, speaking to reporters Monday evening.

Monday’s hearing was the first of its kind concerning Hungary under the Article 7 sanctions procedure.

A year ago the European Parliament triggered the process, following mounting concerns over the country’s democratic backsliding.

Varga told reporters the procedure was part of the “revenge campaign of the pro-migration elite” because Hungary has said no to migration. She also questioned the parliamentary vote’s legality when adopting the report.

Varga said that “the pro-migration liberal elite continued to repeat the same baseless, untruthful, unfounded accusations that are echoed in the liberal, mostly western European media”.

“We have been defending Europe, the European identity, the Christian culture, the European way of life for centuries, we should be supported, not attacked,” she told reporters, in a clear echo of the commission’s rebranding of its migration portfolio as “protecting the European way of life.”

Q and A

At the hearing, French EU affairs state secretary Amélie de Montchalin spoke on behalf of Germany too when she told Varga that the general picture in the parliamentary report “about the respect for fundamental values in Hungary is worrying”.

She urged Hungary to address and resolve the concerns.

Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and Portugal took the floor and asked questions of the Hungarian team led by Varga.

Their questions focused partly on academic and media freedom.

Prime minister Viktor Orban’s government and its allies took control of the public media and most of the country’s private news media, and drove out the Central European University, founded by US billionaire philanthropist George Soros, from Budapest.

The government recently pushed through legislation stripping the 200-year-old Hungarian Academy of Sciences of its network of research bodies, further tightening government control over academia.

Denmark, France and Portugal asked the Hungarian ministers about recent developments in the country’s judiciary, where judges overseeing the head of the court administration, Tunde Hando, urged parliament to remove her for abusing her power when selecting judges.

Hando is the wife of a Fidesz MEP and was appointed in 2012 after Orban’s government overhauled the judiciary.

The parliament, dominated by Orban’s MPs with a two-thirds majority, refused to oust her in June. Hando called the supervisory body biased, and rejected the allegations.

Commission vice-president Frans Timmermans warned that a decision by the Orban government to postpone the introduction of so-called administrative courts is not a positive step – but only delays the deterioration of the independence of the judiciary in Hungary.

The new court system is designed to whitewash corruption cases, critics say.

Sweden and the Netherlands asked about corruption, while Luxembourg inquired if treatment of asylum-seekers is now in line with international standards in Hungary.

Varga argued to her colleagues that the European Parliament report does not contribute to EU unity. She accused the parliament of being politically-motivated and claimed that Hungary deserves respect, according to an official.

In a 158-page note prepared for the meeting, Hungary’s government argued both that the parliament’s conclusions are unjustified, and that some of the issues fall outside the legitimate scope of the procedure.

At the hearing, Varga hinted at migration saying Hungary should not be targeted because it has a different position on policies, the official added.

Unknown future

It is unclear where the procedure will lead. Article 7 can end with the suspension of voting rights, but that requires unanimity among EU countries, and Poland – which is also under the same disciplinary process – had already said it would veto any such move.

Varga argued that the case should be closed, and only with a strong majority backing should the Finnish presidency’s case proceed.

France proposed to have more hearings on specific issue until the concerns are resolved. Timmermans said international organisations should be invited to underpin the report’s concerns.

“It will be up to the next weeks and months to us to decide how we will move forward,” Finland’s Tuppurainen said after the hearing.

The European parliament was not invited to the meeting, their position was represented by the Finnish EU presidency.

The parliament’s civil liberties committee chair, Juan Fernando Lopez Aguilar, and the new MEP dealing with the Hungary file, Gwendoline Delbos-Corfield, wrote a letter to parliament president David Sassoli to lobby member states to include the parliament in the following hearings.

After Varga wrote on Twitter on Monday that Hungary was being “put on pillory for rejecting mass immigration”, it earned a quick rebuttal from Dutch MEP Sophie in ‘t Veld.

She responded: “You are not put ‘on pillory’ for rejecting mass immigration, but for violating human rights, destroying the rule of law and non-compliance with EU law. Don’t play the martyr.”