Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Unione Europea

Regno Unito. Brexit. Parlamento sospeso e 21 parlamentari radiati.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-04.

2019-09-04__Regno Unito 001

Gli storici del futuro faranno una grande fatica nel cercare di capire cosa sia successo nel Regno Unito nel corso degli ultimi anni, specie poi in relazione alla Brexit. I media stanno scrivendo tutto ed il contrario di tutto. Gran parte delle così dette ‘informazioni‘ altro non sono che pettegolezzi incontrollati ed incontrollabili.

Cercando di sintetizzare, il Regno Unito è diviso in due quote equipollenti: quanti abbiano interesse ad abbandonare l’Unione Europea e quanti invece abbiano interesse a rimanervi. Poi, il fronte pro Brexit è ulteriormente diviso tra quanti vorrebbero l’uscita immediata, no-deal, a fine ottobre e quanti invece la vorrebbero raddolcita da una qualche contrattazione.

Il tutto infine senza tener conto delle posizioni dell’Unione Europea, la cui dirigenza ad oggi in carica scade proprio a fine ottobre, nonché del quadro internazionale. Mr Trump sembrerebbe essere di accordo, almeno fino a nuovo twitter, con Johnson. Infine, non si sottovaluti il momento di tensione mondiale determinato dalla svalutazione del Renminbi.

Comunque evolvano le cose, se metà degli inglesi potrebbe esserne contenta, l’altra metà ne risulterà essere danneggiata.

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Johnson sconfitto, i Comuni avviano l’iter per la legge anti ‘no deal’

Con 328 voti favorevoli e 301 contrari la Camera dei Comuni ha approvato la mozione che avvia l’iter del progetto di legge che punta ad impedire la no deal Brexit il prossimo 31 ottobre, obbligando il governo a chiedere all’Unione europea un rinvio fino al 31 gennaio del 2020. Per il premier conservatore Boris Johnson si tratta di una pesante sconfitta. I Comuni hanno di fatto tolto dalle mani del governo l’agenda legislativa, affidandola al controllo dell’aula.

Decisivi per la sconfitta del governo i voti dei ‘ribelli’ tories, contrari alla strategia negoziale del premier, deciso a rischiare l’uscita dalla Ue senza un accordo, per ottenere concessioni da Bruxelles riguardo alla clausola del ‘backstop’ per il confine irlandese. I ‘ribelli’ rischiano ora l’espulsione dal gruppo parlamentare conservatore e la mancata candidatura alle prossime elezioni.

Se la Camera dei Comuni approverà la legge anti no deal, si andrà alle elezioni anticipate. Lo ha annunciato Boris Johnson, dopo che il voto. La mozione per chiedere lo scioglimento anticipato del Parlamento verrà presentata stasera, ha aggiunto il premier. E come annunciato in precedenza, il leader laburista Jeremy Corbyn dice ‘no’ alla richiesta di elezioni anticipate. Prima di andare al voto, ha detto Corbyn sarà necessario approvare la legge anti ‘no deal’. In base alla legge britannica, per sciogliere anticipatamente il Parlamento è necessaria una maggioranza dei due terzi, impossibile da raggiungere senza i voti laburisti.

Da domani, i Comuni inizieranno a discutere il progetto di legge presentato dalla laburista Hillary Benn, per impedire il no deal, che potrebbe essere approvato entro lunedì, prima dello stop forzato al Parlamento, imposto da Johnson.


In questo momento particolarmente delicato, il Governo Johnson è quanto mai debole.

«I 21 ribelli conservatori che in serata hanno votato contro la linea del governo di Boris Johnson nella mozione sulla calendarizzazione domani della proposta di legge trasversale, sostenuta assieme alle opposizioni, favorevole a un nuovo rinvio della Brexit, saranno privati della cosiddetta whip (letteralmente frusta): ossia espulsi ipso facto dal gruppo parlamentare Tory»

«La linea dura, che sfarina ulteriormente l’ex maggioranza, è destinata ad abbattersi anche su alcuni pezzi da 90 del partito»

«Conservative rebels said they felt “liberated” walking through the lobbies facing imminent deselection as they backed moves to stop no-deal Brexit, with several emphasising that the government’s threats had been the catalyst for their decisions.»

«Among the 21 rebels who lost the Conservative whip were eight former cabinet ministers, some of whom occupied the country’s highest offices just weeks ago, as well as multiple Conservative veterans including the grandson of Sir Winston Churchill.»

«The defiance of the rebel group has led some in government to question whether the nuclear strategy of threatening deselection and cancelling an earlier meeting with key former ministers had been the right move.»

«The chief whip is speaking to those Tory MPs who did not vote with the government this evening. They will have the Tory whip removed»

«Some Conservatives have privately voiced serious concern about the future of the party and unease at removing the whip from such long-serving MPs.»

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Il partito conservatore ha 310/ 650 seggi alla Camera dei Comuni e 236 / 775 seggi alla Camera dei Lord. È ancora molto robusto nelle amministrazioni locali, disponendo di 9,116 / 21,871 eletti.

Occorrerebbe prendere atto che quanto stia accadendo nel Regno Unito sia sicuramente di interesse inglese, ma che le ripercussioni della Brexit con o senza deal saranno di vasta portata sull’Unione Europea e sull’Italia.

In tutta Europa, tranne Polonia ed Ungheria, i governi sono traballanti e, spesso, sono minoritari, con per esempio in Spagna. La parcellizzazione dell’elettorato è solo l’epifenomeno della presenza di interessi politici ed economici contrastanti e, spesso, altamente conflittuali.


Nota Importante.

Regno Unito, Inghilterra e Gran Bretagna sono tre entità differenti: non sono sinonimi.

Il REGNO UNITO è formato da 4 stati: Inghilterra (con capitale Londra), Scozia (con capitale Edimburgo), Galles (con capitale Cardiff) ed Irlanda del Nord (con capitale Belfast).  Il nome Regno Unito non è altro che l’acronimo di: “Il Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna e Irlanda del Nord”. Per chiarirsi le idee basta sapere che questi 4 paesi, condividono non solo lo stesso capo di stato, ovvero la Regina, ma anche il primo ministro e la stessa moneta, ovvero la sterlina. Mentre la Scozia, il Galles e l’Irlanda del Nord sono sotto lo stesso Parlamento e Primo Ministro del Regno Unito, insieme all’Inghilterra. Ma a differenza di quest’ultima hanno anche amministrazioni proprie, con un loro parlamento.

L’INGHILTERRA, altro non è che uno dei 4 stati del Regno Unito, che ha come capitale Londra che è anche capitale del Regno Unito. Il nome inglese è England.

La GRAN BRETAGNA è semplicemente il nome dell’isola, con una valenza esclusivamente geografica.

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Guardian. 2019-09-04. Who are the 21 Tory rebels who have lost the whip?

Eight former cabinet ministers among 21 rebels who lose Conservative whip and face deselection.

Conservative rebels said they felt “liberated” walking through the lobbies facing imminent deselection as they backed moves to stop no-deal Brexit, with several emphasising that the government’s threats had been the catalyst for their decisions.

Among the 21 rebels who lost the Conservative whip were eight former cabinet ministers, some of whom occupied the country’s highest offices just weeks ago, as well as multiple Conservative veterans including the grandson of Sir Winston Churchill.

The defiance of the rebel group has led some in government to question whether the nuclear strategy of threatening deselection and cancelling an earlier meeting with key former ministers had been the right move.

In the immediate aftermath of the rebellion, the business secretary, Andrea Leadsom, said there was a possibility of a reprieve if MPs reconsidered and voted against the bill expected to be tabled on Wednesday.

That peace offering was contradicted within an hour by a Downing Street spokesman. “The chief whip is speaking to those Tory MPs who did not vote with the government this evening. They will have the Tory whip removed.”

Ed Vaizey, the former culture minister who had kept his intentions secret until the vote, said he felt liberated by his decision to rebel. “When you hear those speeches in the House of Commons by Antoinette Sandbach and Ken Clarke, you just know you are on the right side,” he said.

No 10 attempted a round of last-minute diplomacy ahead of the crunch vote, including convening a meeting with senior rebels such as Philip Hammond and David Gauke in Downing Street.

Several waverers were approached personally by the prime minister – with one MP saying they had received two phone calls from Johnson just minutes before the vote. Some senior Conservatives appeared stunned at the extent of the rebellion, with cabinet ministers approaching MPs en route from the voting lobbies to ask if they had rebelled.

Some Conservatives have privately voiced serious concern about the future of the party and unease at removing the whip from such long-serving MPs.

On Tuesday a number of the party’s leading centrist voices, including Justine Greening, Nicholas Soames and Alistair Burt, announced they would stand down at the next election, and the former justice minister Phillip Lee defected to the Lib Dems, with most saying they saw no future in the party and condemning its direction under Johnson.

Rory Stewart, the former international development secretary, also joked as he won GQ’s politician of the year that it came on the night he had ceased to be a politician.

“If anything, those threats have made it more difficult for MPs to back down, because if you decide to back the government in that circumstance, you are effectively saying you value your career over your principles,” one MP said.

Sam Gyimah, the former universities minister, wrote in the Guardian: “For MPs like myself, Downing Street has framed the choice as: speak your mind or keep your job.”

MPs who rebelled included former cabinet ministers Philip Hammond, Greg Clark, David Gauke, Caroline Nokes, Stewart and Greening.

Many more were former ministers including Steve Brine, Stephen Hammond, Anne Milton, Margot James, Guto Bebb, Dominic Grieve, Sam Gyimah, Richard Harrington, Oliver Letwin, as well as backbencher Antoinette Sandbach and Tory veterans Ken Clarke and Soames, the grandson of Winston Churchill.

Soames was among several Tory veterans who were deeply torn on whether to rebel after a fraught meeting with the prime minister on Tuesday, but he said he would rebel “with a very heavy heart” because he believed there was no chance to get a deal by October. Afterwards he confirmed he would not stand at the next election.

Announcing her decision to quit parliament at the election, Greening said it had become “clear to me that my concerns about the Conservative party becoming the Brexit party have come to pass”.

Rory Stewart, the former international development secretary, also joked as he won GQ’s politician of the year that it came on the night he had ceased to be a politician.

“If anything, those threats have made it more difficult for MPs to back down, because if you decide to back the government in that circumstance, you are effectively saying you value your career over your principles,” one MP said.

Sam Gyimah, the former universities minister, wrote in the Guardian: “For MPs like myself, Downing Street has framed the choice as: speak your mind or keep your job.”

MPs who rebelled included former cabinet ministers Philip Hammond, Greg Clark, David Gauke, Caroline Nokes, Stewart and Greening.

Many more were former ministers including Steve Brine, Stephen Hammond, Anne Milton, Margot James, Guto Bebb, Dominic Grieve, Sam Gyimah, Richard Harrington, Oliver Letwin, as well as backbencher Antoinette Sandbach and Tory veterans Ken Clarke and Soames, the grandson of Winston Churchill.

Soames was among several Tory veterans who were deeply torn on whether to rebel after a fraught meeting with the prime minister on Tuesday, but he said he would rebel “with a very heavy heart” because he believed there was no chance to get a deal by October. Afterwards he confirmed he would not stand at the next election.

Announcing her decision to quit parliament at the election, Greening said it had become “clear to me that my concerns about the Conservative party becoming the Brexit party have come to pass”.

Burt, one of the key sponsors of the rebel bill, said he had a “fundamental and unresolvable disagreement with party leadership on the manner in which we leave the EU”.

Stephen Hammond said he had hoped for reassurance from the government but had decided to reluctantly vote against the government.

“It’s a very emotional time for a lot of us, I’ve been agonising over it, I believe in everything this prime minister is doing pretty much, but I have said time after time that I would support a deal … but no deal is not acceptable,” he said.

Philip Hammond and Johnson went head to head in a furious meeting of the rebels in Downing Street, shortly after the former chancellor told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme he was gearing up for the “fight of a lifetime”, including preparing to take the Conservative party to court if Johnson deselected him as a candidate.

The last-ditch meeting, which included Hammond, Clark, James, Soames, Burt and Milton, was convened by Johnson at No 10 on Tuesday morning in an attempt to convince waverers about the implications of the bill and the negotiation progress.

A source close to the rebel group said the prime minister’s explanation was “unconvincing” about how a deal could be ratified, legally drafted, and legislated in the very short timeframe when parliament is not prorogued.

Downing Street sources said officials had hit back at Hammond, saying he had been advised when he was in cabinet that the process could be done in as little as 17 days.

However, several Tory MPs were also left concerned that there was no new information provided on how an alternative to the backstop had been devised and whether it had been provided to the EU, despite contributions in the meetings by Johnson’s EU negotiator, David Frost, who insisted the government was seeing movement on the Irish side.

The culture secretary, Nicky Morgan, who has been sceptical about no deal, also told MPs they would have time to act before the deadline.

One government official said there had been a “genuine breadth of opinion in the room … some wanted to be convinced that a deal is possible and the prime minister made clear that the deal before the House will wreck that chance.”

However, one rebel source said that assertion was challenged and that “no convincing proof was given that a real negotiation is taking place”.

The source also called it “a deliberate and willing misinterpretation” of the bill to suggest it would hand power to Jeremy Corbyn, saying it gave the government “maximum flexibility to achieve a deal”.

In a direct exchange with the prime minister, Hammond said rebels did not believe there was a serious negotiating strategy or team in place, or that the government would keep its word about the election date, a concern that one official likened to “a conspiracy theory”.

Hammond also challenged Johnson on his claim that the EU can apply conditions to any extension. “Philip made the point that the EU cannot – according to law, and to conversations he had with EU officials when he was in office,” one source said.

In turn, Johnson and Michael Gove argued that the bill as it stood could lead only to indefinite uncertainty, suggesting it would inevitably result in a second referendum or the revoking of article 50, which rebel Tories have claimed they do not want.

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Ansa. 2019-09-04. Brexit: media, espulsi 21 ribelli Tory

LONDRA, 4 SET – I 21 ribelli conservatori che in serata hanno votato contro la linea del governo di Boris Johnson nella mozione sulla calendarizzazione domani della proposta di legge trasversale, sostenuta assieme alle opposizioni, favorevole a un nuovo rinvio della Brexit, saranno privati della cosiddetta whip (letteralmente frusta): ossia espulsi ipso facto dal gruppo parlamentare Tory. Lo anticipano i media. La linea dura, che sfarina ulteriormente l’ex maggioranza, è destinata ad abbattersi anche su alcuni pezzi da 90 del partito.