Pubblicato in: Cina

Hong Kong. Arrestati Mr Joshua Wong ed altri due attivisti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-01.

2019-08-30__ Hong Kong 001

Ansa. 2019-08-30. Hong Kong: arrestato attivista Wong

Joshua Wong, tra gli attivisti pro-democrazia più noti di Hong Kong, è stato arrestato questa mattina intorno alle 7:30 mentre era diretto verso la metropolitana. E’ quanto denuncia in una nota Demosisto, il partito di cui è stato co-fondatore. Wong è stato stato tra i leader del ‘movimento degli ombrelli’, la grande mobilitazione di massa pro-democrazia che per 79 giorni nel 2014 bloccò il centro dell’ex colonia.

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Bbc. 2019-08-30. Hong Kong activists arrested: Joshua Wong and others detained in crackdown

Three prominent pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong have been arrested in less than 24 hours, in an apparent police crackdown.

Joshua Wong and Agnes Chow of political party Demosisto were detained on Friday over a 21 June rally where protesters blockaded police HQ for 15 hours.

Independence campaigner Andy Chan was arrested at the airport on Thursday while trying to fly to Japan.

They are among 900 people arrested since protests began in June.

What led to a single gunshot being fired?

Joshua Wong, the poster boy for Hong Kong protests

Why were they arrested?

The Demosisto party said Mr Wong, 23, was “suddenly pushed into a private car on the street” while walking to a train station at around 07:30 local time (23:30 GMT Thursday).

Both he and Ms Chow have been taken to police headquarters in Wan Chai.

Both activists were detained on suspicion of “inciting others to participate in an unauthorised assembly” and “knowingly taking part in an unauthorised assembly”.

They are accused of joining illegal protests and encouraging others to do so.

Mr Wong faces a further charge of “organising an unauthorised assembly”.

Andy Chan, founder of the Hong Kong National Party which campaigns for the territory’s independence, said he was detained on Thursday night while trying to board a flight from Hong Kong airport.

He was arrested on suspicion of rioting and assaulting a police officer, according to local outlet HKFP.

Who is Joshua Wong?

Joshua Wong is a well-known pro-democracy activist who played a leading role in the 2014 rallies known as Hong Kong’s “Umbrella protests” – so-called because protesters used umbrellas to shield themselves from police pepper spray.

Is this proof Hong Kong’s ‘Umbrella Protests’ failed?

Thousands joined marches demanding the right for Hong Kong to choose its own leader – and student leader Mr Wong became the movement’s poster boy.

His latest arrest comes just weeks after he was released from prison on 17 June.

The recent protests have been characterised as leaderless – and activist Nathan Law, who co-founded Mr Wong’s party Demosisto, said nobody was inciting protesters.

“There is no leader or platform in this movement,” he said in a statement. “If someone is inciting citizens to go to the streets, it must be the harsh political violence of [Hong Kong’s leader] Carrie Lam.

“Demosisto has never been ‘leaders’ of the movement. Every Hong Kong citizen who has come out has done so according to his own conscience. No matter how the Chinese Communist Party attempts to smear this, nothing can change that fact.

“We appeal to the public not to be afraid of political violence and white terror and continue to fight for their rights. Hong Kong people, go!”

Are further protests planned?

A protest organised by the Civil Human Rights Front – which has assembled several mass rallies – had been planned for this Saturday but has now been cancelled.

Police had declined permission for the rally, citing public safety concerns. It would have marked the 13th consecutive weekend of protests had it gone ahead.

Bonnie Leung, vice-convener of the CHRF, said the decision followed Mr Wong and Ms Chow’s arrests.

“I think the police are using all kinds of excuses to arrest all kinds of people, including us,” she told the Guardian.

“They arrested Joshua Wong and Agnes Chow this morning so there is a real danger we could face the same consequences as well.”

The convenor of the CHRF, Jimmy Sham, said he had been attacked on Thursday by two masked men who were wielding a baseball bat.

He said he had not been hurt in the encounter, though a friend who shielded him from the attack suffered injuries.

Why are people in Hong Kong protesting?

The protests began as rallies against a controversial extradition bill – now suspended – which would have allowed criminal suspects to be sent to mainland China for trial.

They have since expanded in scope, becoming a broader pro-democracy movement.

Beijing has repeatedly condemned the protesters and described their actions as “close to terrorism”.

The protests have frequently escalated into violence between police and activists, with injuries on both sides.

Activists are increasingly concerned that China could use military force to intervene.

On Thursday, Beijing moved a new batch of troops into Hong Kong. Chinese state media described it as a routine annual rotation.

But on Friday, an editorial in the China Daily newspaper emphasised that the presence of Chinese troops is not symbolic, and they will have “no reason to sit on their hands” if the situation deteriorates.

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«Joshua Wong and Agnes Chow of political party Demosisto were detained on Friday over a 21 June rally where protesters blockaded police HQ for 15 hours.

Independence campaigner Andy Chan was arrested at the airport on Thursday while trying to fly to Japan.

They are among 900 people arrested since protests began in June»

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Chiariamo immediatamente come Hong Kong si distingua dal resto della Cina, tranne numerose altre eccezioni, sia per il godere di uno Status suo proprio, sia per avere un governo locale elettivo. Governo locale non significa sovrano.

«The Legislative Council has 70 members, each serving a four-year term. 35 are directly elected from geographical constituencies and 35 represent functional constituencies (FC). Thirty FC councilors are selected from limited electorates representing sectors of the economy or special-interest groups, and the remaining five members are nominated from sitting District Council members and selected in region-wide double direct elections. All popularly elected members are chosen with proportional representation. The 30 limited electorate functional constituencies fill their seats using first-past-the-post, or instant-runoff, voting.»

Hong Long ha quindi un suo sistema elettorale, di derivazione sassone, adattato alle costumanze locali. Pur con le sue peculiari caratteristiche, Hong Kong non ha nulla da invidiare alle così dette ‘democrazie’ occidentali. Hong Kong fa però parte integrante della Cina: ha una gestione ampiamente autonoma, ma ciò non significa essere indipendente dalla madrepatria.

Caratteristica peculiare di Hong Kong è che a fronte di un aspettativa di vita di 84.23  anni, il tasso di fertilità femminile vale 1.20: in una ventina di anni la popolazione giovanile è destinata a dimezzarsi, con tutte le conseguenze del caso.

Here’s why Hong Kong’s low fertility rate poses a threat to its very future

«Reproduction levels are below the level at which a population can replace itself, while fewer young people will eventually hurt city’s economic development. ….

The fertility rate in Hong Kong is one of the lowest in the world ….

The Labour and Welfare Bureau said it was aware that a population structure of more elderly people and declining younger people “may impact on Hong Kong’s socio-economic development” ….

 a shrinking workforce could mean fewer taxpayers and less support for public finances»

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Questi problemi sono ben noti alla dirigenza centrale cinese: dal loro punto di vista sarebbe sufficiente attendere per vedere il problema di Hong Kong ridimensionarsi a tempi brevi. Presto o tardi, sarà infatti colonizzata da cinesi continentali.

I vari movimenti che si auto denominano ‘pro-democrazia’ nei fatti mirerebbero ad ottenere dalla Cina una vera e propria indipendenza: a fare cioè un secessione. Cosa questa intollerabile dal punto di vista cinese.

Ma ancor meno tollerabile dal punto di vista cinese sono i contatti di questi movimenti con potenze estere, che li finanziano abbondantemente.

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Domandiamoci allora chi sia Mr Joshua Wong.

«Joshua Wong Chi-fung is a Hong Kong student activist and politician who serves as secretary-general of pro-democracy party Demosistō. Wong was previously convenor and founder of the Hong Kong student activist group Scholarism. Wong first rose to international prominence during the 2014 Hong Kong protests, and his pivotal role in the Umbrella Movement resulted in his inclusion in TIME magazine’s Most Influential Teens of 2014 and nomination for its 2014 Person of the Year; he was further called one of the “world’s greatest leaders” by Fortune magazine in 2015, and nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2017.

In August 2017, Wong and two other pro-democracy activists were convicted and jailed for their roles in the occupation of Civic Square at the incipient stage of the 2014 Occupy Central protests; in January 2018, Wong was convicted and jailed again for failing to comply with a court order for clearance of the Mong Kok protest site during the Mong Kong protests in 2014.  ….

Joshua Wong was born in Hong Kong on 13 October 1996, and was diagnosed with dyslexia in early childhood. The son of middle-class couple Grace and Roger Wong, Wong was raised as a Protestant Christian in the Lutheran tradition. His social awareness stems from his father, a retired IT professional, who often took him as a child to visit the underprivileged.

Wong studied at the United Christian College (Kowloon East), a private Christian middle school in Kowloon, and developed organisational and speaking skills through involvement in church groups ….

On 1 February 2018, a bipartisan group of US lawmakers, led by Congressional-Executive Commission on China (CECC) Chair US Senator Marco Rubio and co-chair US Representative Chris Smith announced they had nominated Wong, Nathan Law, Alex Chow and the entire Umbrella Movement for the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize, for “their peaceful efforts to bring political reform and protect the autonomy and freedoms guaranteed Hong Kong in the Sino-British Joint Declaration”»

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Mr Joshua Wong Chi-fung è figlio di Grace and Roger Wong. Come attestano i nomi di origine occidentale, pur essendo di nazionalità cinese la matrice culturale non è sinica.

Infatti Mr Joshua Wong è di religione luterana ed ha studiato in scuole protestanti.

L’entità dei suoi rapporti esteri è attestata dall’essere stato nominato “TIME magazine’s Most Influential Teens of 2014” e dalla nomination a Premio Nobel per la Pace. I cinesi avrebbero gradito molto che il senatore Marco Rubio si fosse fatto gli affari suoi.

Ad oggi Mr Joshua Wong è stato nuovamente arrestato. La sua posizione è aggravata dal fatto di essere un recidivo.

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