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G7 di Biarritz. Trump, Putin, ed alleati.

Giuseppe Sandro mela.

2019-07-28

Merkel Trump G7

Dal 24 al 26 agosto dovrebbe tenersi a Biarritz l’annuale G7 2019.

Se è importante la lista dei presenti, sarebbe però altrettanto interessante quella degli assenti.

Putin da Macron il 19 agosto

«Il presidente francese Emmanuel Macron riceverà Vladimir Putin al Fort de Brégançon, nel sud della Francia, il 19 agosto prossimo. Lo riferisce Russia Today.

L’incontro si terrà pochi giorni prima dell’avvio del G7 di Biarritz.»

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Il sito ufficiale dell’Eliseo vi dedica ampio risalto, mettendo in luce la ferma volontà innovatrice di Mr Macron.


A renewed format for the G7.

Combating inequality within our societies and worldwide is a matter of justice, just as it is an urgent task we must address if we are to win back the trust of our citizens in our international governance system.

To fight this battle, the G7, an informal forum for the major economic powers that share democratic values and the ambition to address great global issues, provides a good setting to generate momentum and put forward tangible solutions.

But as the President of the French Republic stressed in his speech before the United Nations General Assembly on 25 September 2018, “the time when a club of rich countries could alone define the world’s balances is long gone.”

That is why he wanted the French G7 Presidency in 2019 to be an opportunity to adjust the format of the group, involving: 1/ major democracies with major regional influence; 2/ African partners to build a renewed partnership; and 3/ key representatives of civil society, with the aim of forming coalitions around projects and producing solutions to combat all forms of inequality more effectively, legitimately and tangibly.

The following partners will be involved in the Leaders’ Summit in Biarritz, as well as in preparatory events:

  1. 4 major partners committed to the protection and promotion of democratic freedoms

At a time of digital transformation and climate change, France was keen to involve key partners in addressing these issues at the G7, partners committed, like us, to democratic values and fundamental freedoms:

– Australia;

– Chile;

– India;

– South Africa.

With these four major democracies, we will work to strengthen the protection of fundamental freedoms at a time when digital technology and artificial intelligence are developing. We will propose tangible measures to protect the planet, focusing on protection of biodiversity, the climate and the oceans. Chile, which will be hosting COP25 in December 2019, will be a key ally in this context.

  1. Six African partners to build a partnership of equals with this continent of the future

To address global inequality, the French G7 Presidency wants to forge an equal partnership with Africa.

“It is not only on this continent that we will collectively win or lose our huge battle against inequality. It is with this continent.”

(The French President at the United Nations General Assembly – New York, 25 September 2018).

In addition to South Africa, four countries playing a leading role on the continent and which are players in multilateral cooperation, committed to preserving biodiversity and ambitious implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change, are also invited to the Biarritz Summit and to several preparatory meetings:

– Burkina Faso, which is chairing the G5 Sahel in 2019;

– Egypt, which is currently chairing the African Union;

– Senegal, which chairs the Heads of State or Government Orientation Committee of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD, the African Union development agency);

– Rwanda, which chaired the African Union in 2018.

Moussa Faki, in his capacity as Chair of the African Union Commission, will also be invited to the Summit.

Together, we want to find effective tools to ensure sustainable economic development in Africa, fostering the creation of jobs for young people and women’s entrepreneurship. Access to education and health, which are essential conditions to combat inequality of opportunity, digital inclusion, and access to finance for economic actors are central to our discussions with our African partners, focusing in particular on the Sahel region, where these multiple challenges are acute.

  1. Key representatives of civil society committed to the French G7 Presidency

By closely involving the G7 Gender Equality Advisory Council  in preparatory work. The Advisory Council brings together exceptional figures committed to the fight against violence and discrimination, promoting girls’ access to education, economic empowerment of women and women’s entrepreneurship;

By drawing on the recommendations of the G7 engagement groups: young people (Youth 7), showing on a daily basis that they can be powerful forces for change; women (Women 7), nongovernmental organizations (Civil7); trade unions (Labour 7); employers (Business 7); think Tanks (Think tanks 7); academies of science (Science 7); lawyers (Lawyers 7); and universities (U7).

By taking into account solutions proposed by local stakeholders, in Biarritz, the Basque country, PyrénéesAtlantiques and Nouvelle-Aquitaine, and implementing them in the Summit venue to help combat inequality and protect biodiversity and the oceans. Three debates will be organized in the Basque country ahead of the Summit.

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Indopremier. 2019-07-28. France aims for US digital tax deal by late August: minister

France wants to reach a deal with the US on taxing tech giants by a G7 meeting in late August, Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire said Saturday.

He was responding to US President Donald Trump, who on Friday vowed “substantial” retaliation against France for a law passed this month on taxing digital companies even if their headquarters are elsewhere.

The law would affect US-based global giants like Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon, among others.

Trump denounced French President Emmanuel Macron’s “foolishness”, though they discussed the issue by phone on Friday, according to the White House.

Macron confirmed that he had a “long” conversation with Trump, stressing the pair would “continue to work together in view of the G7”.

“We will discuss international taxation, trade and collective security”, he said Saturday.

His office earlier said Macron had told Trump that the tax on the tech giants was not just in France’s interest but was something they both had a stake in.

Neither side revealed if they had also discussed Trump’s threat to tax French wines in retaliation.

Le Maire took the same line at a news conference Saturday: “We wish to work closely with our American friends on a universal tax on digital activities.

“We hope between now and the end of August — the G7 heads of state meeting in Biarritz — to reach an agreement.”
Leaders of the Group of Seven highly industrialised countries are to meet in the southwestern French city on August 24-26.

– Plugging a taxation gap –

Le Maire emphasised that “there is no desire to specifically target American companies,” since the three-percent tax would be levied on revenues generated from services to French consumers by all of the world’s largest tech firms, including Chinese and European ones.

But Deputy White House spokesman Judd Deere noted earlier that France’s digital services tax was already the subject of an investigation at the US Trade Representative’s office, potentially opening the door to economic sanctions.

“The Trump administration has consistently stated that it will not sit idly by and tolerate discrimination against US-based firms,” Deere said in a statement.

The French law aims to plug a taxation gap that has seen some internet heavyweights paying next to nothing in European countries where they make huge profits, because their legal base is in smaller EU states.

France has said it would withdraw the tax if an international agreement was reached, and Paris hopes to include all OECD countries by the end of 2020.

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is a Paris-based forum that advises the world’s advanced economies.

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«Combating inequality within our societies and worldwide is a matter of justice, just as it is an urgent task we must address if we are to win back the trust of our citizens in our international governance system»

«To fight this battle, the G7, an informal forum for the major economic powers that share democratic values and the ambition to address great global issues, provides a good setting to generate momentum and put forward tangible solutions»

«the time when a club of rich countries could alone define the world’s balances is long gone»

«At a time of digital transformation and climate change, France was keen to involve key partners in addressing these issues at the G7, partners committed, like us, to democratic values and fundamental freedoms: Australia, Chile, India, South Africa.»

«We will propose tangible measures to protect the planet, focusing on protection of biodiversity, the climate and the oceans»

«Together, we want to find effective tools to ensure sustainable economic development in Africa, fostering the creation of jobs for young people and women’s entrepreneurship»

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Il documento ufficiale di Mr Macron esprime chiaramente che

«the time when a club of rich countries could alone define the world’s balances is long gone»

e da anche una nuova, personalissima, definizione del G7

«an informal forum for the major economic powers that share democratic values and the ambition to address great global issues».

La contraddizione è chiaramente evidente.

Nella prima frase Mr Macron prende atto che gli attuali G7  non possono più permettersi di governare l’economica mondiale. Le proiezioni dell’IMF sono drastiche: mentre il G7 rende conto del 27.06% dell’economia mondiale, i Brics detengono il 35.9%. Un G7 senza i Brics non può ambire a modulare i “world’s balances

Nella seconda cerca invece la giustificazione della esclusione: “major economic powers that share democratic values“. In altri termini, i paesi del G7 sarebbero democratici mentre gli altri sarebbero totalitari. Il discrimine diventa quindi il concetto stesso di cosa sia o non sia ‘democratico‘. Se i valori della democrazia fosse quelli dell’ideologia liberal, sono molti, la maggior parte del mondo, a non volerli condividere, a non volerne sapere.

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Si noti come dalla Nota dell’Eliseo siano praticamente scomparsi, tranne vaghi accenni, il gender, l’lgbt, il ‘clima’ e la sostituzione del carbone. Nemmeno un piccolo accenno alle energie alternative.

I problemi sono infatti all’interno dei G7, e quelli di Mr Macron hanno un ben preciso nome e cognome: Mr Trump.

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Si comprendono bene i tentativi fatti da Mr Macron di allargare sia pure in modo informale il G7 a molti paesi africani, ma non si venga a dire che i paesi selezionati condividano i “democratic values” di Mr Macron.

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