Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Spagna. Sanchez bocciato la seconda volta. Fine del sogno liberal socialista.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-07-25.

Goya Francisco. Los fusilamientos del tres de mayo. Museo del Prado, Madrid. 1814

«Il leader socialista Pedro Sanchez non ha ottenuto la maggioranza necessaria per ottenere l’incarico a formare un nuovo governo in Spagna nel secondo voto al Congresso»

«Sanchez ha ottenuto solo 124 voti a favore, i contrari sono stati 156»

«Acting Socialist prime minister loses parliamentary vote, raising chances of fourth election in Spain in as many years»

«After weeks of acrimonious negotiations, Sanchez failed to win the support of the far-left Unidas Podemos, raising the possibility of a fresh election – the country’s fourth in as many years»

«Sanchez was forced to call early elections in February when his draft budget was rejected. While the Socialists won the most seats in the April vote, they fell short of a majority»

«On Wednesday, the Socialists offered Podemos the vice presidency and three ministries. However, Podemos demanded the Labour Ministry to invest in a new government – which was excluded from the Socialists’ proposal»

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Quando nelle elezioni di febbraio Sanchez ottenne la maggioranza relativa, l’universo parcellare europeo di sinistra inneggiò al trionfo.

Se sicuramente la maggioranza relativa è cosa buona, essa pur tuttavia non consente la formazione di un governo.

Due considerazioni.

La prima verte i Podemos, da molti non ancora ben compresi. Avere in programma azioni politiche oppure economiche che in passato erano tipiche della sinistra non significa minimamente ‘essere di sinistra‘, nel senso di essere ideologizzati. La condivisione dell’ideologia liberal socialista è appannaggio dello Psoe, non dei Podemos.

La seconda verte la legge elettorale. Il suffragio universale con metodo proporzionale ed il sistema parlamentare hanno fatto il loro tempo, ed in Europa lo si vede più che bene. La parcellizzazione delle formazioni politiche e la loro litigiosità impedisce la formazione di governi legalmente istituiti e stabili.

Se è vero che non esiste legge elettorale perfetta, il sistema presidenziale e la legge elettorale francese consentono almeno di poter eleggere uno straccetto di governo. E ben difficilmente si potrebbe accusare la Francia di non essere una nazione democratica.


Ansa. 2019-07-25. Spagna: nuova bocciatura per Sanchez

Il leader socialista Pedro Sanchez non ha ottenuto la maggioranza necessaria per ottenere l’incarico a formare un nuovo governo in Spagna nel secondo voto al Congresso.

Sanchez ha ottenuto solo 124 voti a favore, i contrari sono stati 156. Gli astenuti 66, tra i quali i parlamentari di Podemos, come annunciato poco prima del voto.

Hanno votato “sì” tutti i deputati del Psoe più il rappresentante del Prc, José María Mazón.

Hanno votato “no” tra gli altri i rappresentanti dei popolari, di Ciudadanos e di Vox.

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Aljazeera. 2019-07-25. Spain’s Pedro Sanchez loses vote to be confirmed as PM

Acting Socialist prime minister loses parliamentary vote, raising chances of fourth election in Spain in as many years..

Spain‘s acting Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has lost a parliamentary vote of confidence after talks with a far-left party to form a coalition government collapsed.

Apart from the 123 legislators of his Socialist party, just one other deputy from a regional grouping voted for Sanchez, leaving him far short of the simple majority he needed.

Some 170 members voted against, while 52 abstained.

After weeks of acrimonious negotiations, Sanchez failed to win the support of the far-left Unidas Podemos, raising the possibility of a fresh election – the country’s fourth in as many years.

Spain’s two-party system has become deeply fragmented in recent years, resulting in minority governments unable to pass major reforms without support from other parties.

Sanchez was forced to call early elections in February when his draft budget was rejected. While the Socialists won the most seats in the April vote, they fell short of a majority.

The party now has until late September to attempt further confirmation votes in Parliament. However, the it said this month it would give up trying to install Sanchez if he failed to secure confirmation in July. 

“I am very sorry to note that parliament remains blocked,” the socialist prime minister told Parliament on Wednesday. “A deal wasn’t possible.” 

“I want to be Spain’s prime minister, but not at any price,” he added.

Tense negotiations

The confidence vote follows months of tense negotiations between the Socialists and Podemos. 

The talks became deadlocked over the question of what role Podemos would play in a coalition government, which would be the first since Spain’s return to democracy in the late 1970s.

On Wednesday, the Socialists offered Podemos the vice presidency and three ministries. However, Podemos demanded the Labour Ministry to invest in a new government – which was excluded from the Socialists’ proposal.

Podemos and the Socialists have accused each other of blocking negotiations as distrust between both sides rides high. 

Sanchez strongly criticised the way Podemos and its leader Pablo Iglesias had conducted the talks, but did not say what his next step would be. 

If he does not seek other confirmation votes or is unsuccessful in them, a new election will be held on November 10.

An ongoing separatist movement in the northeastern region of Catalonia, high unemployment, low wages and job insecurity will be among the main challenges facing Spain’s next government.

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