Pubblicato in: Cina, India, Russia, Stati Uniti

S-400. Arma militare e diplomatica in Turkia ed in India.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-07-02.

Istanbul 004

«I russi hanno un segreto che nessuno è mai riuscito a violare. Come siano riusciti a concepire, progettare, costruire e rendere operativi un così grande numero di sistemi missilistici allo stato dell’arte ed il tutto in così poco tempo ed infine a costi irrisori»

9M729, Iskander, Kalibr, S-400, S500. Putin è un gran costruttore di missili.

Cina. Dispiegati nel sud-est asiatico gli S-400 russi.

Medio Oriente. La Russia fornirà sistemi S-400 all’Arabia Saudita.

Turkia. Firmato contratto S-400. Si dice siano già operativi.

* * *

Nelle abili mani di Mr Putin il sistema di missili anti oggetti volanti S-400 sta transitando da arma temibile a strumento diplomatico. Come arma, l’S-400 sarebbe in grado di intercettare ed abbattere aerei, droni, e missile anche ipersonici con una portata riferita di circa 400 km. Come strumento diplomatico è un mezzo molto utile per gratificare i paesi amici e per stuzzicare l’amicizia degli incerti. Poi, dotarsi di S-400 conferisce allo stato possessore una supremazia locoregionale nei confronti dei paesi viciniori.

Questi sistemi di arma erano una volta appannaggio dei soli Stati Uniti, che li avevano concessi a terzi con grande morigeratezza. Adesso la concorrenza russa inizia a farsi sentire pesantemente.

Il problema si sposta quindi da quello strettamente militare a quello politico: i potenziali acquirenti vogliono rapporti politici paritetici e tollerano ben pochi condizionamenti. I russi faranno pur sempre un’offerta in briciolo più conveniente di quella americana.

«The U.S. has reportedly offered India the MIM-104F Patriot (PAC-3) surface-to-air missile defense system and the Terminal high Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system in lieu of the S-400»

«A senior U.S. diplomat in a recent congressional testimony expressed deep concerns over India’s decision to procure five squadrons of Russian-made Almaz-Antei S-400 Triumf air defense systems (NATO reporting name: SA-21 Growler) for service in the Indian Air Force (IAF).»

«U.S. Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asia Alice Wells said in an official testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives House Foreign Affairs subcommittee on June 13 that the purchase of the S-400 defense systems could limit burgeoning India-U.S. military relations»

«At a certain point, a strategic choice has to be made about partnerships and a strategic choice about what weapons systems and platforms a country is going to adopt»

«India and Russia signed a $5 billion contract for the procurement of five S-400 squadrons during last year’s annual bilateral summit held in New Delhi in early October. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin presided over the signing ceremony. The first S-400 squadron is expected to be stood up by the fall of 2020»

«The Modi government has persisted in its decision to purchase the Russian-made S-400s despite strong opposition from the United States and the possible imposition of economic sanctions on India under U.S. legislation known as the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA).»

* * * * * * *

I tempi stanno mutando rapidamente.

Se negli anni sessanta gli Stati Uniti erano potenza militare mondiale egemone e si spartivano tranquillamente con la Unione Sovietica le reciproche sfere di influenza, la situazione attuale è mutata.

Non soltanto vi sono ora tre superpotenze atomiche, ma la forza politica, sociale, culturale, economica e militare dell’America sta deperendo: è ancora molto forte, sicuramente sì, ma non più egemone.

Inoltre gli Stati Uniti sono dilaniati da una furibonda guerra civile con la quale i liberal democratici cercano in ogni modo e maniera di distruggere la persona fisica del presidente Trump, reo di non condividere i loro alti ideali.

Questa lotta intestina danneggia in ultima analisi proprio gli Stati Uniti, con grande gioia di Mr Xi e di Mr Putin.


The Diplomat. 2019-06-17. US Warns India Over S-400 Air Defense System Deal With Russia

A senior U.S. diplomat in a recent congressional testimony expressed deep concerns over India’s decision to procure five squadrons of Russian-made Almaz-Antei S-400 Triumf air defense systems (NATO reporting name: SA-21 Growler) for service in the Indian Air Force (IAF).

U.S. Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asia Alice Wells said in an official testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives House Foreign Affairs subcommittee on June 13 that the purchase of the S-400 defense systems could limit burgeoning India-U.S. military relations.

The induction of the new long-range air defense systems “effectively could limit India’s ability to increase our own interoperability,” according to Wells, adding that the United States has “serious concerns” about the long-term strategic implications of the purchase for U.S.-India ties.

 “At a certain point, a strategic choice has to be made about partnerships and a strategic choice about what weapons systems and platforms a country is going to adopt,” Wells said.

India and Russia signed a $5 billion contract for the procurement of five S-400 squadrons during last year’s annual bilateral summit held in New Delhi in early October. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin presided over the signing ceremony. The first S-400 squadron is expected to be stood up by the fall of 2020.

The Modi government has persisted in its decision to purchase the Russian-made S-400s despite strong opposition from the United States and the possible imposition of economic sanctions on India under U.S. legislation known as the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA). The legislation seeks to economically and financially punish countries engaging in “significant transactions”–defined as any deals above $15 million–with the Russian state-owned defense industry.

While the Trump administration has been given authority under the 2019 U.S. National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) to waive sanctions in special cases it is far from clear whether India would be able to obtain exempt status. For one thing, sanction waivers have originally been reserved for cases of Soviet-era hardware costing less that $15 million and not for modern and more expensive platforms like the S-400.

“There is no blanket waiver, or a country waiver, when it comes to S-400, Wells cautioned. “We have serious concerns about a possible S-400 purchase, and we are continuing our conversations on how the United States or other defense providers could assist India.”

Notably, in September 2008, the United States imposed sanctions on the People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) Equipment Development Department (EDD) for China’s induction of S-400 systems and Sukhoi Su-35S (NATO reporting name: Flanker-E) fourth generation, twin-engine, multirole fighter aircraft.

“Under the Trump administration, we’ve been very clear that we’re ready to help meet India’s defense needs and we are seeking a very different kind of defense partnership building on the ‘Major Defense Partner’ designation that India has received from Congress,” Wells noted.

The U.S. has reportedly offered India the MIM-104F Patriot (PAC-3) surface-to-air missile defense system and the Terminal high Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system in lieu of the S-400.

Wells testimony comes ahead of U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s visit to India later this month.

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