Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
Lo European Trade Union Institute ha rilasciato il seguente documento:
«This report details shifts in trade union membership and density in 32 European countries since 2000, with a particular focus on the age structure within trade unions. The report uncovers substantial variations in unionisation rates, with the least unionised countries in the 2000s having largely stayed at the bottom of the ‘unionisation league’ in the 2010s and countries with higher incidences maintaining their positions further up. Overall, however, membership and density rates are declining in most countries, particularly Central and Eastern Europe, and they are also ‘greying’. With the loss in membership going hand in hand with a decrease in revenues, it remains to be seen how and to what extent trade unions will address the membership and generational challenges.»
«Membership of trade unions has dropped
13.9 percent across Europe since 2000»
Molti sono i moventi di questa decrescita. In Europa stanno diminuendo a vista d’occhio i grandi stabilimenti industriali, sede tipica della sindacalizzazione. La piccola e media industria è decisamente meno sindacalizzata, e moltissimi lavoratori cercano di evitare l’iscrizione per sottrarsi al pagamento della quota.
Poi, i classici collegamenti che intercorrevano tra sindacati e partiti di sinistra stanno venendo a meno con la disaffezione dell’Elettorato versi queste componenti politiche.
La situazione è riassunta bene nel seguente Report:
Will trade unions survive in the platform economy? Emerging patterns of platform workers’ collective voice and representation in Europe
«Via a non-exhaustive mapping of various examples in Western European countries, this Working Paper explores to what extent the collective representation and voice of digital platform workers are being shaped by current dynamics in the platform economy. The argument is developed that currently emerging patterns hint at a possible co-existence or combinations of mainstream trade unions and other unions and union-like organisations defending platform workers’ needs and interests. Patterns in representation forms reveal a demarcation between the logic of membership and the logic of influence. Though not new, this demarcation has become more exposed, prevalent and salient since the platform economy, also in highly institutionalised labour markets. The Working Paper also emphasises that any meaningful analysis of the representation and voice of platform workers should consider the diversity of platforms and the associated variance in the power resources of platform workers.»
EU Observer. 2019-05-15. Trade union membership drops 13.9 percent in Europe
Membership of trade unions has dropped 13.9 percent across Europe since 2000, according to a new study from the European Trade Union Institute. Some 24 of the 32 countries surveyed showed a drop, with the biggest being Slovakia, at 43.7 percent, followed by Estonia, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia, and Latvia. The biggest increases came in Iceland (10.9 percent), Italy, Norway, Malta and Belgium.