Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
La prima domanda che verrebbe da farsi dopo aver letto il documento rilasciato dall’attuale europarlamento uscente è chi mai si credano di essere questi europarlamentari da arrogarsi il diritto di salire in cattedra e voler fare la morale alla Cina. Quella Cina dalla quale vanno a pietire con il cappellino in mano qualche contratto.
Cosa mai sarebbe successo se la Cina avesse rilasciato un documento ufficiale in cui si fosse inneggiato alla separazione catalana, avesse supportato i Gilets Jaunes, ed avesse asserito che Mr Orban aveva tutti i santi diritti di opporsi alla Unione Europea?
Qui, a nostro sommesso parere, non è tanto problema di corretti rapporti diplomatici, quanto piuttosto di sano buon senso e di corretta percezione di cosa si sia nella realtà dei fatti. Oppure, a dirla tutta, di sanità mentale.
Troviamo la stizzita reazione cinese financo troppo moderata.
Consoliamoci che il 26 maggio questo europarlamento esce di carica.
Peggio di così sarà sempre difficilmente possibile.
Europarlamento e Consiglio Europeo hanno pubblicato in modo congiunto il seguente documento:
Eeas. 2019-05-14. Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: Annual Report 2018 – Joint Report to the European Parliament and the Council
Since Hong Kong’s handover to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1997, the European Union (EU) and its Member States have closely followed political and economic developments in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) under the ‘one country, two systems’ principle. In line with the commitment given to the European Parliament in 1997, an annual report is issued on developments in Hong Kong. This is the 21st report, covering developments in 2018. The EU adheres to its ‘one China’ policy and supports the ‘one country, two systems’ principle and its implementation.
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«2018 was yet another challenging year for Hong Kong. Political developments prompted the Spokesperson of the High Representative Vice-President (HRVP) to issue statements on three separate occasions: regarding restrictions of the right to stand for election, the banning of a political party, and a politically motivated refusal to renew the work visa of a foreign journalist.
Most aspects of the ‘one country, two systems’ principle continue to work well. However, concerns about the erosion of this principle, which is the cornerstone of Hong Kong’s economic success, have increased over the past year. There is a clear negative trend with respect to the erosion of civil and political rights. This trend gives rise to legitimate concerns about whether Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy and its attractiveness as an international business centre will continue to be upheld in the long term. The business community has been following these developments and in 2018 several chambers of commerce made public statements to express their concerns.
Freedom of speech and freedom of information are generally respected in Hong Kong. However, the freedom of expression is facing unprecedented challenges, particularly with regard to sensitive political topics.
The unusually high number of questions and recommendations addressed to Hong Kong during the United Nations’ universal periodic review (UPR) of China carried out in November 2018 also reflects the international community’s concerns regarding the deterioration of civil and political rights in Hong Kong in recent years. Improving the protection of other human rights, such as the rights of migrant workers, children, and LGBTI people, was also the subject of recommendations for further action under the UPR. …..
The space for political opposition in Hong Kong is narrowing. Several opposition candidates, including Agnes Chow and former lawmaker Lau Siu-Lai, were barred from running in the Legislative Council (LegCo) by-election because of their political affiliation or views. These decisions were taken by the returning officer appointed by the Electoral Affairs Commission, and were subsequently defended by the government. The legal community in Hong Kong challenged their legality and constitutionality. In December, current LegCo member Eddie Chu was barred from running in a rural representative election due to his political stance. …..
In the last couple of years, Hong Kong has seen the emergence of a localist movement calling for self-determination or even independence. Although pro-independence voices have very limited support in society and no international backing, they raise questions about the border between legitimate freedom of expression and seditious incitement. These are yet to be legally clarified. In the last year, the Hong Kong SAR government, encouraged by the central government, adopted a new zero-tolerance policy towards any mention of ‘self-determination or ‘independence’, on grounds of national security and contravention of the Basic Law. ….
On 5 October, the government refused to renew the work visa for Victor Mallet, Financial Times Asia Editor and Vice-President of the Foreign Correspondent Club. Mallet had chaired a talk by pro-independence activist Chan Ho-tin of the above-mentioned HKNP in August when the party was not yet banned. In the absence of a credible alternative explanation, the decision appears politically motivated. Such pressure on journalists is unprecedented in Hong Kong and causes serious concerns about the exercise of freedom of the press. There are growing concerns that journalists are practising self-censorship. Hong Kong prides itself on being an open international city where freedom of expression is not put in doubt and freedom of the press and information is fully respected. Restriction of the work of journalists, including that of foreign journalists, would gravely damage Hong Kong’s reputation and its credentials as a financial and business hub. ….
For LGBTI rights, Hong Kong does not have a comprehensive anti-discrimination law that would cover discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity. However, three landmark cases in favour of LGBTI equality in 2018 may well lay the ground for such legislation. On 4 July, the Court of Final Appeal ruled that immigration authorities must grant spousal visas to same-sex partners. Two other cases are still pending»
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La risposta cinese è stata immediata e financo inviperita.
China.Org. 2019-05-14. China opposes EU reports on Hong Kong, Macao
«China on Thursday urged the European Union to stop interfering in Hong Kong and Macao affairs.
Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang expressed China’s strong dissatisfaction and resolute opposition after the European Commission on Wednesday issued annual reports for 2018 on the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) and the Macao SAR.
The EU reports use human rights and freedom as a cover to wilfully comment on Hong Kong and Macao affairs, and make accusations against the implementation of “one country, two systems” in disregard of facts, grossly interfering in China’s internal affairs as well as Hong Kong and Macao SAR affairs, Geng told a press briefing.
Since their return to the motherland, Hong Kong and Macao have remained prosperous and stable, and the principle of “one country, two systems” has been successfully implemented, Geng said, adding that residents in Hong Kong and Macao are enjoying unprecedented democratic rights and freedom of speech, press and assembly, which are undeniable facts.»
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