Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Cina non divide l’Unione Europea: è già divisa. Ceec.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-04-15.

Ceec. 16 + 1. 0021

Delle cose importanti nessuno ama parlarne.

Se è vero che Mr Li sia venuto in Europa a parlare con i Governi Italiano e Francese, per poi avere una riunione con la dirigenza uscente dell’Unione Europea, sarebbe altrettanto vero ricordarsi che terminate queste incombenze si è diretto alla riunione della Ceec, il Gruppo 16 +1. Ceec significa Central and Eastern European Countries.


Via Seta: premier cinese Li in Croazia per vertice ’16+1′

«BELGRADO, 11 APR – Il premier cinese Li Keqiang, alla guida di una numerosa delegazione governativa, è giunto oggi a Dubrovnik, sulla costa dalmata croata, per un vertice di due giorni con i Paesi dell’Europa centrorientale e dei Balcani, il cosiddetto formato ’16+1′ il cui obiettivo è il rafforzamento della collaborazione dei Paesi della regione con Pechino e lo sviluppo di progetti comuni, in particolare in campo infrastrutturale ed energetico. L’iniziativa è considerata parte integrante del progetto cinese noto come ‘Via della Seta’ mirante a una sempre maggiore penetrazione dell’economia e delle aziende cinesi sui mercati del mondo. Ieri Li Keqiang è stato in visita ufficiale a Zagabria dove ha avuto colloqui con la dirigenza croata, a margine dei quali sono stati firmati diversi accordi bilaterali.

Lo scorso anno la società statale cinese China Road and Bridge Corporation (Crbc) si è aggiudicata il contratto per la costruzione del ponte di Peljesac, nel sud della Dalmazia, il più grande progetto infrastrutturale in Croazia il cui valore ammonta a 280 milioni di euro. Per oggi, riferiscono i media, è in programma una visita del premier cinese ai cantieri di questa opera, al cui finanziamento partecipa in larga parte la Ue. Il ponte di Peljesac sarà lungo 2,4 km e avrà un’altezza di 55 metri, con quattro corsie. I tempi di costruzione sono previsti in tre anni. Quello di oggi e domani a Dubrovnik è l’ottavo vertice fra Cina e Paesi Ceec (Central and Eastern European Countries), 11 dei quali sono membri della Ue. Del formato ’16+1′ fanno parte Albania, Bosnia-Erzegovina, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Croazia, Montenegro, Macedonia del Nord, Polonia, Ungheria, Repubblica ceca, Slovacchia, Slovenia, Lituania, Lettonia, Estonia»

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Della Ceec, il 16+1, ne abbiamo già diffusamente parlato.

Cina. Ceec, un nome da imparare. Dazi ridotti dal 17.3% al 7.7%.

Asia alla conquista dell’Europa dell’Est.

Cina. Ceec 16 + 1. L’Occidente inizia a preoccuparsi.

«The 16+1 was established in 2012 as a multilateral platform facilitating cooperation between China and 16 Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC).»

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«In recent years, the platform’s summits have attracted a lot of attention, especially in Western Europe»

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«The intensifying level of engagement between the 16 countries in the CEE region and China has considerably alarmed Brussels and Berlin»

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«Many Western European observers and policymakers have raised concerns about the potential risks of growing Chinese presence in Eastern Europe, claiming that Beijing’s major interest in engaging with the region is a part of its long-term strategy to undermine EU unity»

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Basta dare un’occhiata sia pur distratta alla carta geografica, aggiungerci l’Italia, e gli schieramente saltano immediatamente agli occhi.

La Cina in Europa c’è già, e l’Europa si è già divisa.

Eastern European countries form a crucial part of its Belt and Road Initiative

«Li made clear that projects such as the Chinese-built Peljesac Bridge in Croatia could “inspire future cooperation,” especially for central and eastern European countries hoping to lure investment home»

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Gli investimenti cinesi nei paesi dell’est europeo hanno ampiamente superato quelli fatti dall’Unione Europea, che li ha sempre trattati da parenti pover, scagliandosi infine contro di essi perché sono fieri del loro retaggio religioso, storico, culturale e sociale. Si pensi solo alle diatribe ideologiche contro la Polonia e l’Ungheria.

Adesso anche l’ultima mazzata nei denti.

Greece eyes 16+1 group of China and eastern European states [Financial Times]

«Greece wants to join a club of eastern European countries looking to deepen ties with China, in a move that highlights Beijing’s growing clout in the bloc despite wariness in Brussels.

Alexis Tsipras, Greece’s prime minister, this month informed the members of the “16+1” group of China and central and eastern European states — 11 of them EU members — of his country’s willingness to join them, according to a letter seen by the Financial Times.

A formal announcement is expected to be made at the group’s annual gathering this week in Croatia, according to a diplomat who will attend the meeting. “The participation of Greece . . . is consistent with the willingness of my country to enhance its role in the region and promote peace and co-development, also on the basis of its strategic co-operation with China,” Mr Tsipras wrote in a letter to Zoran Zaev, prime minister of North Macedonia. ….

The move comes as the European Commission branded Beijing a “systemic rival” and was alarmed by Italy’s decision to become the first G7 country to endorse the Belt and Road Initiative, China’s global infrastructure investment drive. Greece is already part of BRI and has welcomed Chinese investment after being severely hit by the eurozone debt crisis. The Port of Piraeus in Athens is an important container trans-shipment point for Cosco, China’s state shipping company. ….

Since the 16+1 was formed in 2012, Beijing has announced more than $15.4bn worth of investments in the 16 countries, with more than 70 per cent going to the five non-EU members in the group»

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Bruxelles non dovrebbe preoccuparsi che arrivino i cinesi: ci sono già.


Deutsche Welle. 2019-04-12. China promises not to divide EU at eastern Europe summit

China’s premier has vowed to respect European Union trade rules, amid fears about preferential treatment for some entities. Brussels is worried Beijing — present at a summit of eastern states — could divide the bloc.

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Chinese Premier Li Keqiang on Friday said that China would “cooperate and respect European standards” at the opening of the eighth annual summit on cooperation between Beijing and eastern European countries in Croatia.

Before a breakthrough earlier this week, leading EU member states — including Germany and France — had expressed concerns that Beijing may attempt to divide the bloc with its separate summit focusing on relations with Europe’s eastern states.

Brussels is particularly worried about European access to Chinese markets. Currently, Chinese companies have greater access to EU markets than their European equivalents. But China has signaled its intention to change that.

“We welcome openness and we want to treat all companies that operate in China equally and to increase imports from the (European) countries,” Li said, using an interpreter. “China is open to the world.”

Europe on China’s ‘Silk Road’

For China, eastern European countries form a crucial part of its Belt and Road Initiative, which is commonly referred to as the new “Silk Road.”

The project imagines overland and maritime routes linking China to markets across the globe, including Europe, Africa and other parts of Asia. But the initiative has come under scrutiny, in part due to some projects failing to take off or having been scrapped permanently.

But Li made clear that projects such as the Chinese-built Peljesac Bridge in Croatia could “inspire future cooperation,” especially for central and eastern European countries hoping to lure investment home.

“With Greece joining in with all the central and eastern European countries … we will deepen China’s relationship with the EU,” Li said.

Shady involvement

Meanwhile, the EU has also expressed concerns about Chinese involvement in the projects, especially after Italy signed on in a nonbinding “Silk Road” pact.

Last month, EU Budget Commissioner Günther Oettinger expressed “concern that in Italy and other European countries, infrastructure of strategic importance like power networks, rapid rail lines or harbors are no longer in European but in Chinese hands.”

Other infrastructure projects, including the rollout of 5G networks, have come under wider scrutiny, in part due to heightened fears that Chinese involvement could compromise national security. Telecommunications giant Huawei has been singled out by the US and other countries for purportedly maintaining close ties to Chinese security services.

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