Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio, Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Unione Europea e Cina. Incompatibilità caratteriale superabile.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-04-08.

Piero della Francesca. Guido da Montefeltro. 001

«lunga promessa con l’attender corto / ti farà trïunfar ne l’alto seggio». Dante. Inferno. 27.


Pil ppa 2019-2023. Brics 36%, G7 27%. I Brics valgono 3.5 volte l’eurozona.

«Nel 2008 l’eurozona aveva un pil di 14,113 miliardi Usd, ma a fine 2017 aveva registrato un pil di 12,589 miliardi Usd; la Cina, nello stesso arco temporale, era passata da un pil di 4,804 miliardi Usd ad un valore di 12,237 miliardi Usd. Per quanto riguarda il pil espresso in valori assoluti, e non relativi al potere di acquisto, la Cina a fine 2017 eguagliava l’eurozona.

Nelle proiezioni al 2023 la Cina dovrebbe arrivare ad un pil ppa di 37,067 miliardi Usd, mentre l’eurozona rende conto di un pil ppa di 18,413 miliardi Usd: il 10.34% del valore mondiale. Troppo poco per contare realmente, troppo poco per poter dettare condizioni.»

Questi numeri forniti dall’International Monetary Fund dovrebbero esprimere chiaramente i rapporti di forza economica che intercorrono tra Unione Europea e Cina.

È l’Unione Europea che ha bisogno della Cina, non la Cina che abbia bisogno dell’Unione Europea.

Questo potrebbe sicuramente essere un dato di fatto difficilmente digeribile, ma è realtà di cui sarebbe utile prenderne atto.

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Sono in corso colloqui tra Unione Europea e Cina per trovare un accordo commerciale, ed a breve dovrebbe tenersi un summit: il 9 aprile.

Mr Xi ha già fatto un viaggio in Europa, stringendo accordi bilaterali con l’Italia e con la Francia. Un summit con l’attuale dirigenze europea a fine mandato sembrerebbe non essere stato proficuo.

Italia. Percezione degli accordi con la Cina. Nuova Via della Seta.

Cina. EU, Francia e Germania. Punto di vista cinese.

Cina e Francia. Un accordo che di fatto salta l’Europa. L’opinione cinese.

Francia, Europa e Cina. Solo Mr Xi ha le idee chiare.

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Al momento i principali ostacoli sono da parte dell’Unione Europea.

«EU, China stumble over trade, human rights ahead of summit»

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«Tensions over trade, investments and minority rights are preventing China and the EU from agreeing a joint declaration at a summit next week»

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«Alarmed by potential Chinese dominance of strategic European industries, EU leaders last month sought to prepare for the April 9 summit»

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«China had not met EU hopes that it would open its markets, nor seriously committed to reforms of global trade rules.»

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«The intensification of EU diplomacy since March reflects frustration over China’s reluctance to allow foreign companies to set up there without restrictions while taking full advantage of the EU’s openness»

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«The EU-China relationship, which is bound by 1 billion euros ($1.12 billion) in daily trade, has survived previous spats, notably in 2016 and 2017 when differences over the South China Sea and trade meant there were no communiques»

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Cerchiamo di ragionare.

Dei così detti ‘human right’ nessuno sembrerebbe interessarsene, al di là dei roboanti enunciati.  L’Unione Europea è invece preoccupata che la Cina possa prendere una posizione predominante e non apra alle imprese europee così come l’Unione vorrebbe.

La risposta cinese è stata quasi immediata ed in stile prettamente sinico.

Pur di commerciare, i cinesi sarebbero disposti ad impagliare la madre.

«China wants to work with the European Union on issues from climate change to trade»

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«the Chinese Premier denied accusations Beijing was trying to split the bloc by investing in eastern European states.»

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«Concerned by potential Chinese dominance of strategic European industries, the EU is trying to coax Beijing to open up its markets and has tried to get it to commit to removing what Brussels sees as unfair barriers to trade»

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«Li wrote that China was ready to work closely with Europe in upholding the Paris Climate Agreement, supporting sustainable development, retaining the international nuclear deal with Iran and fighting terrorism»

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«an impression in Brussels that Beijing has not kept its promise to stand up for free trade»

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La Cina si è detta prontissima a collaborare per il ‘clima’, per l’Accordo di Parigi, per supportare le energie rinnovabili, persino per sostenere l’accordo nucleare con l’Iran, e così via.

Mai, sempre dicono i cinesi, era stata loro lontanissima idea, utilizzare il Belt and Ros o la nuova via della seta per egemonizzare l’Europa orientale e mediterranea: ci mancherebbe altro!

Tanto, nella riunione del 9 aprile, i cinesi sanno benissimo come questa Commissione Europea sia a fine mandato.

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China wants to work with EU on trade, premier writes before summit

China wants to work with the European Union on issues from climate change to trade, Premier Li Keqiang wrote in a German newspaper before a summit next week aimed at cementing ties.

Diplomats in Brussels have said that tensions over trade, investments and minority rights mean China and the EU may fail to agree a joint declaration at the April 9 summit. That could dent European efforts to gain greater access to Chinese markets.

In a column for Monday’s edition of Handelsblatt, extracts of which were released on Sunday, the Chinese Premier denied accusations Beijing was trying to split the bloc by investing in eastern European states.

“We emphatically support the European integration process in the hope of a united and prosperous Europe,” wrote Li. He said Beijing’s close cooperation with eastern European states was “advantageous for a balanced development within the EU”.

Concerned by potential Chinese dominance of strategic European industries, the EU is trying to coax Beijing to open up its markets and has tried to get it to commit to removing what Brussels sees as unfair barriers to trade.

Li wrote that China was ready to work closely with Europe in upholding the Paris Climate Agreement, supporting sustainable development, retaining the international nuclear deal with Iran and fighting terrorism.

He also said it wanted to exchange views on reforming the World Trade Organization.

The EU is China’s largest trading partner. An increase in Chinese takeovers in critical sectors in Europe and an impression in Brussels that Beijing has not kept its promise to stand up for free trade has complicated talks before the summit.

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EU, China stumble over trade, human rights ahead of summit

Tensions over trade, investments and minority rights are preventing China and the EU from agreeing a joint declaration at a summit next week, multiple sources in Brussels said on Friday, sapping a European push for greater access to Chinese markets.

Alarmed by potential Chinese dominance of strategic European industries, EU leaders last month sought to prepare for the April 9 summit – flagged as an opportunity to cement bilateral ties – by agreeing what they said was a more assertive stance toward Beijing.

By diplomatic convention, joint statements are issued at the conclusion of high-profile bilateral summits to formalize policy.

Donald Tusk, the head of the European Council, has recommended rejecting the statement as it stands, according to an EU source. China had not met EU hopes that it would open its markets, nor seriously committed to reforms of global trade rules.

According to an early draft put forward by the European Union and seen by Reuters, Beijing would be bound into completing talks on an investment agreement and committing to remove what the EU says are unfair barriers to trade.

The EU also wants to show the United States that the trade war route is not the only way to coax Beijing to open up.

But Chinese officials have removed or changed many of those references, the EU diplomats said, raising the embarrassing probability of no communique at all after Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and European Council President Donald Tusk have met.

Envoys for EU nations including Britain, Germany and France said they could not back the communique on the basis of China’s changes, an EU official said.

Other EU references to reassure Europeans that China is committed to confronting attacks by computer hackers and improving religious freedoms for the Muslim Uighur minority are also proving very difficult, the diplomats said.

“We wanted to be clear on how we want to work with China, not issue a meaningless document,” a senior EU diplomat said.

Another said there would be no statement without a change in stance from Beijing.

The Chinese foreign ministry was not immediately available for comment. Vice Foreign Minister Wang Chao told reporters this week that both sides were working to reach a consensus.

Negotiations with the Chinese would continue until Tuesday.

RE-EVALUATION

The intensification of EU diplomacy since March reflects frustration over China’s reluctance to allow foreign companies to set up there without restrictions while taking full advantage of the EU’s openness, EU diplomats say.

A surge of Chinese takeovers in critical sectors in Europe and an impression in Brussels that Beijing has not kept its promise to stand up for free trade and globalization have given the April meeting new urgency.

The EU-China relationship, which is bound by 1 billion euros ($1.12 billion) in daily trade, has survived previous spats, notably in 2016 and 2017 when differences over the South China Sea and trade meant there were no communiques.

However, after a collective re-evaluation of Chinese policy by EU leaders on March 21, the six-page April 9 statement was meant to coax Beijing into making good on promises to deepen trade ties.

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