Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Senza categoria, Unione Europea

Germania. VW e Ford annunciano decine di migliaia di licenziamenti e chiusure.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-03-24.

Fuga Cervelli

L’industria automobilistica in Germania è da quasi un secolo la struttura portante del pil, sia in termini di occupazione sia nei termini dell’export.

Ma i tempi sono cambiati.

Il dieselgate ha inciso profondamente: le troppo striminzite soglie di inquinati emessi dai motori per legge rendono antieconomica la produzione. Poi, il paese si sta impoverendo, ed il mercato interno non presenta prospettive rincuoranti.

La conseguenza di questa rigidità politica ed economica trova ora la sua logica conseguenza .

Mentre l’industria automobilistica investe grandi capitali nella produzione all’estero, fuori dalla Germania,

Brasile. GM pianifica un investimento da 2.7 miliardi Usd.

per il mercato domestico si preannunciano tempi particolarmente duri.

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«German automaker Volkswagen said it would eliminate up to 7,000 jobs by 2023»

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«It estimates that the automation of routine tasks will result in the loss of between 5,000 and 7,000 jobs by 2023 and that around 11,000 workers will be eligible for retirement in the coming years»

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«The job cuts will be part of a savings drive aimed at slashing costs by €5.9 billion per year by 2023 at VW’s own-brand division»

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«Ford on Friday said it planned to cut “more than 5,000” jobs in Germany as part of a major restructuring»

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«This announcement is part of the Ford restructuring announced in January in Europe with the goal of returning to profitable business in Europe as soon as possible»

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«Ford employs some 53,000 people across Europe, around 24,000 of them in  Germany»

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«In the United Kingdom, Ford plans to axe 1,150 jobs, according to Britain’s Unite union»

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«In France, the group plans to close a plant making gear boxes near Bordeaux, costing 800 jobs and drawing the ire of the French government»

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Si iniziano ora a constatare gli effetti delle politiche industriali adottate. E siamo solo agli inizi.

L’Unione Europea e la Germania in particolare stanno avviandosi ad una crisi recessiva di severa entità.

A ciò si aggiunga l’incertezza legata alla Brexit, a quelli che saranno i risultati di questo anno elettorale nell’Unione Europea ed in otto stati dell’Unione, la profonda crisi del sistema bancario e l’incognita legata a come la banca centrale gestirà il programma Ltro. Ma su tutto aleggia il convitato di pietra.

La Germania sta spopolandosi per carenza di nascite tra la popolazione autoctona.

Germania. La demografia che stritola. Mancano tre milioni di lavoratori. – Vbw.

Germania. Eutanasia di un sistema socio-economico. – Reuters.

Germania. Non è povera. È misera. – Financial Times

Germania. Estesi alle autostrade i divieti ai motori diesel.

Germania. Herr Spahn prospetta la tassa sul nubilato.

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Questo è un dato sottovalutato e rimosso dalla mente dei politici e del grande pubblico,  ma vividamente chiaro a quanti debbano o vogliano investire. Mai come di questi tempi i demografi hanno da lavorare.

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Ford to slash over 5,000 jobs in Germany

Ford on Friday said it planned to cut “more than 5,000” jobs in Germany as part of a major restructuring to boost profitability at the US car giant’s European operations.

Ford on Friday said it planned to cut “more than 5,000” jobs in Germany as part of a major restructuring to boost profitability at the US car giant’s European operations.

The group aims to carry out the jobs cull through voluntary redundancies and early retirement, a spokeswoman told AFP.

“This announcement is part of the Ford restructuring announced in January in Europe with the goal of returning to profitable business in Europe as soon as possible,” she said.

“The aim is to cut more than 5,000 jobs in the most socially responsible way possible,” the spokeswoman added, without detailing how the cuts would be  divided among Ford’s operations in Cologne, Aachen and Saarlouis.

The announcement, which was shared with Ford Germany employees earlier on Friday, comes after the carmaker warned in January that “thousands” of jobs  would be cut as part of a revamp of its loss-making European division.

Ford employs some 53,000 people across Europe, around 24,000 of them in  Germany.

The overhaul comes at a time of widespread upheaval for global automakers as the industry pivots to the greener, smarter cars of the future and polluting diesel cars fall out of favour.

The industry is also grappling with the knock-on effects of US-lade trade tensions, Brexit uncertainty, and economic slowdowns in the key European and Chinese markets.

Ford, the second-biggest US automaker, plans to respond to the challenges with a global reorganisation, including a huge cost-cutting drive and partnership deals with rival carmakers.

The group, which booked a 2018 net profit of $3.7 billion, already announced last year that it would halt production of almost all sedans and small cars in the United States to save $11 billion. 

In the United Kingdom, Ford plans to axe 1,150 jobs, according to Britain’s Unite union.

In France, the group plans to close a plant making gear boxes near Bordeaux, costing 800 jobs and drawing the ire of the French government.

In Russia, Ford said it would launch a strategic review of its joint venture Ford Sollers.

Like other carmakers who have teamed up to reduce costs in an increasingly competitive industry, Ford earlier this year announced an alliance with German giant Volkswagen to jointly develop commercial vans and pickups from 2022.

The two companies are also in talks about potentially cooperating on electric and self-driving cars, the latest example of rivals joining forces to save on the massive research and development costs needed for the switch to future technologies.


Volkswagen set to cut up to 7,000 jobs

German automaker Volkswagen said it would eliminate up to 7,000 jobs by 2023 as it seeks to accelerate its transition to electric vehicles, although the cuts should be achieved via retirement offers.

“Volkswagen will be boosting the pace of its transformation… taking important steps this year to strengthen competitiveness on a sustained basis,” the flagship brand of the mammoth VW group said in a statement.

It estimates that the automation of routine tasks will result in the loss of between 5,000 and 7,000 jobs by 2023 and that around 11,000 workers will be eligible for retirement in the coming years.

The job cuts will be part of a savings drive aimed at slashing costs by €5.9 billion per year by 2023 at VW’s own-brand division.

Meanwhile the Wolfsburg-based firm said it would increase investments in “future topics” like battery-powered cars and automated driving over the same period, from the €11 billion announced in November to some 19 billion.

Even as some positions are cut, bosses expect to create 2,000 new jobs in electronics and software development to shape the firm’s reorientation, and said they would uphold a job security guarantee valid until 2025.

Chief operating officer of the VW brand Ralf Brandstaetter said in a statement the changes would “make Volkswagen fit for the electric and digital era”.

The gigantic carmaker’s electric transition is driven by the need to conform to strict emissions limits on greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2), set to bite in the EU from 2020.

At a press conference Tuesday, the 12-brand Volkswagen group said it would increase the number of electric models it offers across its brands like VW, Porsche, Audi or Skoda over the coming decade to 70, 20 more than previously planned.

But the enormous investments needed are already weighing on performance and profit margins.

At the VW brand, executives aim to lift their profit margin to six percent by 2022, compared with 3.8 percent last year.

The job cuts announced Wednesday come on top of an existing restructuring programme slashing 21,000 positions worldwide and targeting €3 billion per year of savings by 2020.

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