Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Pensionati. Nell’Unione Europea il 14.2% è a rischio povertà.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-01-20.

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Pensioners in EU Are Increasingly Facing Risk of Poverty

The proportion of European Union pensioners at risk of poverty has increased every year since 2013 and stood at 14.2 percent in 2017, according to Eurostat data. While the rate was between 10 percent and 25 percent in most EU countries, more than a third of pensioners in the Baltics faced poverty risks. The rate was the lowest in France, Slovakia and Denmark.

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L’esame della tabella numerica evidenzia i dati dal 2010 al 2017.

Se per alcuni stati è abbastanza comprensibile che una larga quota di pensionati sia a rischio povertà, per altri la cosa lascia alquanto sorpresi.

Il caso più sorprendente è l’Estonia: nel 2010 i pensionati a rischio povertà erano il 14.9%, mentre a fine 2017 erano saliti al 46.1%. Comportamento analogo era presente negli stati baltici.

Se nel 2010 in Germania era a rischio povertà il 13.4% dei pensionati, nel 2017 questa quota era salita al 17.5%.

Anche la Svezia presentava nel 2017 il 16.2% dei pensionati a rischio povertà.

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Questi dati dovrebbe dare da riflettere.

Sempre che la salute assista, una vecchiaia passata con una pensione sotto la soglia della povertà sembrerebbe essere un evento molto indesiderato.

Si ripropone quindi la necessità di riorganizzare le spese degli stati: queste quote percentuali sono indegne di stati che vogliano definirsi civili.

Un rimedio non eccessivamente costoso potrebbe essere l’innalzamento del livello minimo tassabile per le pensioni.


Eurostat. 1 in 7 pensioners at risk of poverty in the EU

In 2017 the proportion of pensioners at risk of poverty in the European Union (EU) was estimated to be 14.2 %, slightly above the figure of 13.8 % in 2016. The rate has been rising gradually since 2013, when it was 12.6 %.

In most of the 27 EU Member States for which 2017 data are available, the proportion of pensioners at risk of poverty lies between 10 % and 25 %. The four countries with an at-risk-of-poverty rate above 30 % in 2017 were Estonia (46 %), Latvia (44 %), Lithuania (37 %) and Bulgaria (32 %).

In contrast, the lowest rates in 2017 were in France (7 %), Slovakia (8 %), Denmark, Hungary and Luxembourg (all 9 %).

Across the EU as a whole between 2010 and 2017, the proportion of female pensioners at risk of poverty has been around 2-3 percentage points (pp) higher than the rate for male pensioners.

In 2017 there were four Member States where the at-risk-of-poverty rate for female pensioners was more than 10 pp higher than the rate for male pensioners: Estonia (+19 pp), Lithuania (+16 pp), Bulgaria and Latvia (both +15 pp).

Conversely, four countries had at-risk-of-poverty rates which were higher for male pensioners than for female pensioners: Malta (+5 pp), Spain (+2 pp), Italy and Denmark (both +1 pp). ….

Note: 

Individuals are identified as being at risk of poverty if their equivalised disposable income is less than 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income after social transfers have been taken into account.

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