Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
Tutto trae origine dal US state department’s order of precedence, pubblicato il 3 novembre 2017, ed ora andato in vigore.
«The Order of Precedence of The United States of America.
Revised on November 3, 2017.
The United States Order of Precedence is an advisory document maintained by the Ceremonials Division of the Office of the Chief of Protocol. For purposes of protocol, the U.S. Order of Precedence establishes the order and ranking of the United States leadership for official events at home and abroad. Although this document establishes a general order for the country’s highest-level positions, it does not include every positional title across the federal government. Offices of Protocol for the Executive Departments and independent agencies should be consulted for internal rankings regarding positions not listed. ….
In 1908, the Roosevelt Administration created the first U.S. Order of Precedence as a means of settling a history of embarrassment, confusion and miscommunication amongst officials invited to events at the White House. As the structure of the federal government has evolved over time this list has adapted and grown. The President of the United States may make adjustments to The Cabinet, giving certain White House positions the status of Cabinet-rank, positions which then follow the heads of the Executive Departments.
One of the primary uses of the order of precedence is in diplomacy. International rules on precedence were first established at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. By determining that envoys of equal title would be ranked according to the date and hour that they presented their credentials to the government that accredited them for service, the Congress of Vienna solidified a fair and justifiable system for diplomatic relations. These same rules are still used to determine the order of precedence of the Diplomatic Corps in Washington, D.C. Additionally, when on official business in the United States, foreign government officials are afforded the same protocol ranking as their corresponding position in the United States government.
A few basic principles regarding precedence should be noted. First, the host or hostess of a meeting or event always takes the primary position of precedence, regardless of their title or traditional ranking. Second, a person’s relative precedence may increase or decrease depending on the policy or context behind the particular meeting or event, or based on the wishes of the host on any occasion.»
* * * * * * *
«The EU says the US government has changed the bloc’s diplomatic status in Washington, in practice downgrading it.»
«The Trump administration did not notify the EU about the change»
«Previously it has been US practice to treat the EU delegation and ambassador “as a country would be”»
«The US ranks the diplomatic status of international organisations lower»
«the list itself, which describes the EU as an international organisation»
«the head of an international organisation “should be considered equivalent to a chief of state or head of government, but should be listed in precedence order, after all official representatives of the sovereign nations present”»
«US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had questioned the EU’s role, in a major policy speech»
«Brexit – if nothing else – was a political wake-up call. Is the EU ensuring that the interests of countries and their citizens are placed before those of bureaucrats here in Brussels?”»
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo ha messo il dito nella piaga.
Come può un rappresentante dell’Unione Europea affermare che rappresenta tutti gli stati dell’Unione quando il Regno Unito ha dovuto staccarsene?
È sequenziale come le procedure protocollari seguano i provvedimenti politici, non viceversa.
Si prenda nota quindi che da ora i rappresentanti dell’Unione Europea non rappresentano più diplomaticamente l’Unione.
Gran brutto colpo per i gerarchi dell’Europa, che Mr Pompeo definisce “bureaucrats in Brussels”
→ Bbc. 2019-01-08. US downgrades EU diplomatic status in Washington
The EU says the US government has changed the bloc’s diplomatic status in Washington, in practice downgrading it.
The Trump administration did not notify the EU about the change. The EU has asked the US to explain the move, EU spokeswoman Maja Kocijancic says.
Previously it has been US practice to treat the EU delegation and ambassador “as a country would be”, an EU source told the BBC.
The US ranks the diplomatic status of international organisations lower.
The EU source, who declined to be named, said the US had changed the way the diplomatic list was implemented, but not the list itself, which describes the EU as an international organisation.
The US state department’s order of precedence says the head of an international organisation “should be considered equivalent to a chief of state or head of government, but should be listed in precedence order, after all official representatives of the sovereign nations present”.
Change of protocol
The change comes amid heightened trade tensions, with the EU anxious to dissuade President Donald Trump from slapping a 20% tariff on all imported EU cars. Last year the US and EU imposed tit-for-tat tariffs on a range of goods.
Ms Kocijancic said: “We understand that there was a recent change in the way the diplomatic precedence list is implemented by the United States’ Protocol.
“We are discussing with the relevant services in the [US] administration possible implications for the EU delegation in Washington. We were not notified of any change. We expect the diplomatic practice established some years ago to be observed.”
She stressed that the EU and US “remain natural partners, natural friends”.
US diplomatic snub
The status change was first reported by German broadcaster Deutsche Welle. An EU official told it that the EU’s Washington ambassador, David O’Sullivan, had not been invited to certain events last year.
At the state funeral for the late President George HW Bush, on 5 December, the EU’s ambassador was not called up in the usual chronological order, from the longest-serving to the newest ambassador, “but he was called up as the last person”, the EU official said.
The previous day, in Brussels, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had questioned the EU’s role, in a major policy speech.
“Brexit – if nothing else – was a political wake-up call. Is the EU ensuring that the interests of countries and their citizens are placed before those of bureaucrats here in Brussels?” he asked.
He took issue with the liberal consensus view of multilateral organisations, such as the EU, as guardians of peace and security. He did however praise the EU’s contribution to European prosperity.
Donald Trump strongly supports UK withdrawal from the EU and has hosted leaders of the Brexit campaign, including Nigel Farage.