Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
In estrema sintesi.
Il 9 settembre si sono tenute le elezioni politiche.
I risultati elettorali hanno evidenziato un blocco di sinistra ed uno di centro-destra, ciascuno con circa il 35% dei voti. A latere, Sweden Democrats, un partito sovranista, populista e nazionalista: insomma, i partiti tradizionali si piccano di non parlare nemmeno con quelli di SD, che intanto stanno crescendo nelle prospezioni elettorali. Dal 17.5% sono arrivati al 19.4%.
Peccato che tra di loro si odino di odio profondo e radicato: a lor confronto gli sciiti ed i sunniti sono amici fraterni.
Come risultato, il paese è senza governo.
Mr Stefan Lofven è stato dal 2014 al 2018 primo ministro di un governo di minoranza ed ora prosegue anche se ogni tanto il parlamento gli vota contro, negandogli la fiducia: questa volta 200 contro e 116 a favore. Mr Stefan Lofven è in un sempiterno regime di prorogatio.
Ogni paese dovrebbe essere compreso ed apprezzato per quello che è.
Sicuramente gli svedesi hanno la gran dote di essere dei viscerali: non li si schianta dalle loro idee nemmeno prendendoli a cannonate.
Ma questa palude politica non aiuta certo a risolvere i problemi del paese.
Swedish social democrat leader Stefan Lofven was rejected from continuing as prime minister in a vote Friday when 200 MPs went against him, versus 116 in his favour. Talks are now likely to continue into the new year in order to form a government that does not depend on the support the anti-migrant Sweden Democrats. Lofven did not attend the vote as he was at an EU summit in Brussels.
→ The Local. 2018-12-14. Timeline: Everything that’s happened in Swedish politics since the elections
September 9th: Swedish parliamentary elections.
The results are too close to call, but indicate that no one party, and neither the centre-left coalition (Social Democrats, Green Party, Left Party) nor the center-right Alliance (Moderate Party, Liberal Party, Centre Party, Christian Democrats) have won the 175 parliamentary seats needed to form a majority government. Meanwhile, support rises for the far-right Sweden Democrats (SD), albeit not as significantly as some polls had suggested it might do.
Moderate leader Ulf Kristersson demands that incumbent Prime Minister Stefan Löfven steps down, but Löfven wants to await the final election results.
September 10th: Liberal Party leader Jan Björklund announces that he will not work with the SD in any way and that any cooperation with them will end the four-party Alliance.
September 11th: The Social Democrats contact all parties except the SD to try to find a solution to the political deadlock.
September 12th: The four-party Alliance invites Social Democrat leader Löfven to propose a centre-right-led government with cross-border cooperation with the Social Democrats. Löfven rejects the proposal.
September 13th: Preliminary election results (yes, four days after the election the results are still only preliminary) show that the centre-left coalition has won 144 parliamentary seats, and the center-right Alliance 143. The SD have 62.
September 16th: An election result recount confirms the preliminary results. Both coalition blocks claim to have “won”, but the result is deadlock.
September 21st: The Alliance proposes Moderate Party member Andreas Norlén as parliamentary speaker to replace the incumbent speaker Urban Ahlin of the Social Democrats, while the Social Democrats proposes its own Åsa Lindestam.
September 24th: With the support from the SD, the Moderate Party’s Norlén is elected to the post as parliamentary speaker.
September 25th: The parliament votes to remove Löfven from the prime minister post. SD joins the Alliance in voting him down.
Löfven hands in his resignation but the speaker asks him to stay on as prime minister in a caretaker government.
October 2nd: The parliamentary speaker names Moderates leader Kristersson as ‘sonderingsperson‘. This means he has the task of holding talks with other party leaders to try to form a government proposal that will be supported by parliament.
October 14th: Kristersson abandons his bid to create an Alliance government after failing to garner enough support.
October 15th: Löfven is given the task of forming a government.
October 29th: Löfven abandons his bid to form a government.
November 5th: Kristersson is given another shot to try to form a government.
The parliamentary speaker announces that he will also be proposed as a candidate to the prime minister post, effectively forcing the parties to make a concrete decision after two months in which no-one has budged on their position.
November 14th: Kristersson is rejected as prime ministerial candidate by a parliamentary vote.
Both the Liberal Party and the Centre Party vote against him, despite being members of the Alliance alongside Kristersson’s Moderates. They say this is because the government would have also needed support from the SD to succeed, and they have pledged to prevent the SD from gaining influence in Sweden’s next government.
November 15th: Centre Party leader Annie Lööf is given the task to act as sonderingsperson to try to break the political deadlock.
November 22nd: Lööf abandons her attempts to find a cross-block compromise. She says she looked into three alternatives: the Alliance working with the Social Democrats, the Alliance working with the Green Party, and a minority centrist government made up of the Centre Party and Liberals. None of the these had enough support, and Lööf also says she doesn’t see any possibility of leading a minority government herself.
“It is now up to the speaker to decide on the next step,” she says.
November 27th: Lööf says the Centre Party is open to the idea of Löfven returning to the PM post, but only if he will commit to a series of demands that would move his party to the right.
November 28th: The Liberals make a similar announcement, but party leader Björklund does not have the full support of his troops. Löfven responds to the overtures from the Centre Party and Liberals by saying he is ready to enter into a process of “give and take”.
A vote on installing Löfven as PM is scheduled for December 5th.
December 3rd: The vote on Löfven is delayed with the speaker giving him more time to try to form a government. No set date is given for the rescheduled vote.
December 10th: The Centre Party said that after working “day and night” to reach a compromise with the Social Democrats, it had decided to vote no to a government led by Löfven.
December 12th: Löfven is formally nominated as PM, and will try to form a government between the Social Democrats and Green Party. The vote is scheduled for December 14th.
December 13th: Parliament rejects the budget put forward by the caretaker government, and the budget proposal from the Moderates and Christian Democrats wins a majority of votes.
Although it’s possible to make some changes to the budget in spring, certain decisions such as changes to income tax are fixed for a year, so the result is a blow to the centre-left.
December 14th: Stefan Löfven is rejected by parliament in the vote on his candidacy as PM, and the speaker .
→ The Local. 2018-12-14. Centre-left leader Stefan Löfven to face parliamentary vote as PM
UPDATED: The leader of Sweden’s centre-left Social Democrats, Stefan Löfven, will face a parliamentary vote on his candidacy as prime minister this week.
Parliamentary speaker Andreas Norlén formally proposed Löfven as PM on Wednesday morning, with the vote taking place on Friday.
Löfven hopes to form a government with the Green Party, with whom his party has governed since 2014.
“I have, in discussions with the speaker, confirmed that I am ready to be nominated as prime minister of a government with the Social Democrats and Green Party, We are ready to work with all the parties in parliament who stand up for democratic values and breaking bloc politics,” he said in a written comment to the TT newswire.
“It is important that the process moves forward so that Sweden can get a government in place as quickly as possible.”
However, the Centre Party and Liberals have said they won’t support Löfven, making it less likely that such a government would pass a parliamentary vote. Convincing these parties, which are part of the centre-right Alliance, to vote in favour of Löfven or abstain from the vote had been the Social Democrats’ biggest hope of achieving enough support to be accepted by parliament.
Technically, a proposed government does not need a single vote in its favour; Sweden’s system of negative parliamentarianism means it will be accepted as long as a majority does not vote against the proposal.
Löfven has the support of his own party and allies the Left Party and Green Party, but will fall short of a majority if the Centre and Liberals both vote against him, along with the centre-right Moderates and Christian Democrats and the far-right Sweden Democrats.
So why is Norlén calling for the vote to go ahead?
“There’s a logic to it: for the speaker it’s about driving the process forward,” political scientist Tommy Möller told the TT newswire. “He has, after all, given Löfven a mandate to try to find a government formation and it hasn’t worked. The logic is that the closer we get to a fourth and completely decisive vote, the sharper the situation becomes.”
There is no time limit as to how long Sweden has to form a government, and it has now been more than two months since the population went to the polls. But the speaker has a maximum of four chances to ask a candidate to try to form a government that will be accepted by parliament.
The vote on Löfven will be the second of these four official tries, after centre-right leader Ulf Kristersson became Sweden’s first ever prime minister candidate to be rejected by parliament. If he is voted down, the speaker will immediately restart talks with the party leaders in order to work out the next step.
If all four attempts are unsuccessful, a snap election must be called. This is not something that any of the major political parties have advocated for.
“I believe that it would be more than damaging for the public’s trust in the whole political system if we were forced into a second election,” said speaker Norlén on Wednesday.