Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
Domenica 7 ottobre si sono tenute le elezioni politiche in Bosnia Ezegovina.
Bosnian General Election: The Return of the Nationalists and the Defeat of the Social Democrats 
«Croat, Muslim and Serb nationalist parties have won Bosnia’s parliamentary election, State Election Commission preliminary results showed on Monday.
The three parties will dominate all layers of Bosnia’s complex government in the next four years, with opposing views of the country’s future that could deepen ethnic division and slow EU integration.
The SNSD party of Bosnian Serb pro-Russian nationalist leader Milorad Dodik appeared to be the strongest party in Bosnia, set to dominate with its coalition partners the Serb caucus in the national parliament and the parliament of the autonomous Serb Republic.
Dodik also won the Serb seat in the country’s tripartite presidency and his ally Zeljka Cvijanovic won the job of the Serb region’s president, leading with 47.5 per cent over his main rival.
The largest Muslim Bosniak SDA party secured the most votes in Bosnia’s autonomous Bosniak-Croat Federation and its Bosniak-dominated cantons. Its candidate Sefik Dzaferovic won the Bosniak seat in the inter-ethnic presidency.
A coalition led by the largest Croat party HDZ won the most votes of Croats in the Federation parliament and in the majority Croat cantons. However, their leader Dragan Covic lost the seat in the presidency to moderate Croat Zeljko Komsic.
About 1.7 million voters took part in the presidential and parliamentary elections on Sunday, choosing members of Bosnia’s tripartite inter-ethnic presidency, consisting of a Bosniak, a Croat and a Serb, and lawmakers for parliament’s lower house.
The ballot was a test for Bosnia to determine if it will progress towards European Union membership and NATO integration or remain held back by ethnic rivalries.»
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I nazionalisti, populisti lebbrosi altamente contagiosi, hanno stravinto le elezioni.
La situazione sociale e politica della Bosnia Erzegovina è complicata dalla concomitante presenza di tre gruppi etnici: croati , mussulmani e serbi.
Ma questo sarebbe il meno. per secoli hanno convissuto in modo del tutto ragionevole.
Poi venne la devoluzione jugoslava, e tutte le grandi potenze mondiali si dettero un gran da fare a versare dapprima benzina, quindi napalm, sul fuoco.
La attuale eurodirigenza farebbe carte false pur di far entrare la Bosnia Erzegovina nell’Unione Europea. L’America caverebbe gli occhi a Mr Trump pur di farla entrare nella Nato. I Russi darebbero chi sa cosa pur di vedere la Bosnia riunita alla Serbia, matrimonio che tutti osteggiano, compresi i serbi ed i bosniaci.
Questi risultati elettorali sembrerebbero allontanare l’ipotesi di un ingresso a tempi rapidi della Bosnia Erzegovina nell’Unione Europea: tanto, come si sul dire, a maggio l’Europa andrà a votare, e si tratterà con la nuova dirigenza.
«I believe that Bosnia-Herzegovina also may progress if everyone is respected»
Le parole di Mr Dodik prendiamole come un augurio di tutto cuore.
→ Deutsche Welle. 2018-10-08. Bosnia-Herzegovina: Nationalist parties win parliamentary election
Croat, Muslim and Serb nationalist parties will dominate Bosnia’s complex government in the next four years. Pro-Russian Serb nationalist leader Milorad Dodik has won a seat in the country’s three-member presidency.
Croat, Muslim and Serb nationalist parties won Bosnia’s parliamentary election, State Election Commission preliminary results showed on Monday.
With the legislature poised to be split down ethnic lines, the result could hamper the reform process required for progress towards EU and NATO membership.
Results in detail
– Pro-Russian Serb leader Milorad Dodik won the Serb seat in Bosnia-Herzegovina’s tripartite presidency
– Dodik’s SNSD party emerged as the strongest party in the Bosnia’s parliamentary election.
– Sefik Dzaferovic won the Bosniak, or Bosnian Muslim, seat in the inter-ethnic presidency. His SDA party secured the most votes in Bosnia’s autonomous Bosniak-Croat Federation and its Bosniak-dominated cantons.
– Moderate Zeljko Komsic beat his nationalist rival Dragan Covic for the Croat seat. A coalition led by Covic’s HDZ party, however, won the most votes of Croats in the Bosnian parliament and in the majority Croat cantons.
‘Republika Srspka, my first priority’
“My first priority will be the position of the Serb people and of the Republika Srspka,” Dodik said, referring to the
autonomous region where he previously served as regional president. “I believe that Bosnia-Herzegovina also may progress if everyone is respected.”
Complex structure: Since the signing of the Dayton Accords in 1995, Bosnia has been divided into two entities: a predominantly Serbian area called Republika Srpska comprising 49 percent of Bosnia’s territory and a Bosniak-Croat federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is further divided into 10 autonomous cantons.
Who is Milorad Dodik? Dodik, the longtime leader of the Serb-majority Republika Srpska region, is known for his pro-Russia stance. He is vocal proponent of secession of the Serb Republic and its integration with Serbia. He has prevented Bosnia-Herzegovina from recognizing Kosovo, and opposes joining NATO.
Deepen ethnic divisions: The election result deals a blow to hopes of bridging Bosnia’s ethnic divide after the war that killed 100,000 people. The victory of nationalist parties with opposing views could further deepen ethnic division and slow Bosnia’s progress towards European Union membership and NATO integration.