Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ideologia liberal, Stati Uniti, Trump

Kavanaugh.Trump ha trionfato, ma la guerra continua.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-10-07.

Aborto 001

«Il Senato Usa conferma Brett Kavanaugh alla Corte Suprema e regala a Donald Trump la vittoria più importante della sua presidenza a un mese dalle cruciali elezioni di medio termine»

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È cambiata un’era.

Per decenni la Corte Suprema è stata a maggioranza democratica, ed adesso sarà a maggioranza repubblicana, per almeno un trentina di anni.

La Corte Suprema ha negli Stati Uniti un immenso potere politico, avendo la potestà di bloccare qualsivoglia iniziativa legislativa presa dal Congresso oppure anche dal Presidente stesso. Per di più, il suo giudizio è inappellabile.

A questo punto diventa ininfluente che i democratici continuino ad avere la maggioranza in Corti di livello inferiore, che pure hanno la potestà di bloccare anche se temporaneamente  le iniziative politiche del Presidente: la loro azione può solo far prendere un po’ di tempo. Poi la Suprema Corte può ribaltare in via definitiva le sentenze emesse da livelli inferiori.

L’ira furibonda dei liberal democratici è comprensibile: sono finiti sia a livello americano sia, di conseguenza, a livello mondiale.

Se anche adesso assassinassero Mr Trump, come è stato tentato in Brasile ai danni di Bolsonaro, non sarebbe mutato l’orientamento della Suprema Corte, i cui Giudici dovranno girare sotto scorta adeguata.

I titoli del The New York Times sono eloquenti.

Kavanaugh Is Sworn In After Close Confirmation Vote in Senate

«WASHINGTON — Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh was confirmed to the Supreme Court on Saturday by one of the slimmest margins in American history, locking in a solid conservative majority on the court and capping a rancorous battle that began as a debate over judicial ideology and concluded with a national reckoning over sexual misconduct.

As a chorus of women in the Senate’s public galleries repeatedly interrupted the proceedings with cries of “Shame!,” somber-looking senators voted 50 to 48 — almost entirely along party lines — to elevate Judge Kavanaugh. He was promptly sworn in by both Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. and the retired Justice Anthony M. Kennedy — the court’s longtime swing vote, whom he will replace — in a private ceremony.

For President Trump and Senate Republican leaders, who have made stocking the federal judiciary with conservative judges a signature issue, the Senate vote was a validation of a hard-edge strategy to stick with Judge Kavanaugh, even after his nomination was gravely imperiled by allegations by Christine Blasey Ford that he had tried to rape her when they were teenagers.

The president was exultant. “He’s going to go down as a totally brilliant Supreme Court justice for many years,” he told reporters, whom he had invited to join him in watching the vote on television aboard Air Force One.

But Mr. Trump also derided the sizable protests against Judge Kavanaugh on the steps of the Supreme Court and the Capitol as “phony stuff,” and said it was a misnomer to imply that women were upset at his confirmation. ….

Republicans are now painting Democrats and their activist allies as angry mobs. Senator John Cornyn, Republican of Texas, delivered a speech on Saturday assailing what he called “mob rule,” while the majority leader, Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, told reporters that “the virtual mob that has assaulted all of us in this process has turned our base on fire.” ….

Judge Kavanaugh’s confirmation fulfills a long-held dream of conservatives, who have waged a decades-long campaign to remake the high court. In replacing Justice Kennedy, a moderate conservative, he will give the court a reliably conservative bloc. At 53, he is young enough to serve for decades, shaping American jurisprudence for a generation, if not more. »

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Confirming Kavanaugh: A Triumph for Conservatives, but a Blow to the Court’s Image

«WASHINGTON — For President Trump and for Senate Republicans, confirming Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh as a Supreme Court justice was a hard-won political victory. But for the conservative legal movement, it is a signal triumph, the culmination of a decades-long project that began in the Reagan era with the heady goal of capturing a solid majority on the nation’s highest court.

With Judge Kavanaugh’s swearing-in, that goal has been accomplished, and the Supreme Court will be more conservative than at any other time in modern history. By some measures, “we might be heading into the most conservative era since at least 1937,” said Lee Epstein, a law professor and political scientist at Washington University in St. Louis.

The new majority is sure to move the law to the right on countless deeply contested issues, including abortion, affirmative action, voting and gun rights. And the victory will very likely be a lasting one. Judge Kavanaugh, now 53, could serve for decades, and the other conservative justices are young by Supreme Court standards. The court’s senior liberals are not. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg is 85, and Justice Stephen G. Breyer is 80. ….»

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How a Supreme Court Shaped by Trump Could Restrict Access to Abortion

«With the confirmation of Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh, the Supreme Court would have a conservative majority that would most likely sustain sharp restrictions on access to abortion in the United States.

But it is not clear that the court would take the drastic step of overruling Roe v. Wade, the landmark 1973 decision that guarantees a constitutional right to abortion. The court may instead opt for a more incremental strategy, upholding increasingly severe restrictions in much of the country but stopping short of saying that the Constitution has nothing to say about a right to abortion.

Assuming that there are five justices ready to limit abortion rights, how could that happen? Here are some of the possible scenarios, each of which entails a different degree of legal upheaval.»

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La Suprema Corte ha decenni di tempo per demolire sistematicamente tutta la costruzione giuridica fatta dai liberal democratici. L’era della spensierata ‘interpretazione’ delle leggi è finita.

Ma si faccia grande attenzione.

Come di abitudine, i democratici fanno un gran parlare dei problemi legati ad aborto, divorzi, separazioni, controllo delle nascite, quasi che questi siano i veri problemi americani.

Con il tempo l’aborto tornerà ad essere considerato essere quello che è, ossia un assassinio premeditato. Quindi sentenze pregresse quali “1965 case Griswold v. Connecticut”, “Roe v. Wade”, “1992 case Planned Parenthood v. Casey” dovranno essere riviste, e lo saranno.

Ma non sono questi i veri nodi politici.

La Suprema Corte ha pendenti cause sulla definizione delle circoscrizioni elettorali, su chi debba e possa essere considerato ‘elettore‘, sui bilanci degli stati, sul contenzioso circa molti trattati commerciali internazionali, solo per citare alcuni problemi.

Sarà difficile che la Suprema Corte nell’emettere sentenze su questi argomenti favorisca i liberal democratici.


Ansa. 2018-10-07. Ok a Kavanaugh, Corte Usa vira a destra. Proteste e arresti davanti al Capitol Hill

Il Senato Usa conferma Brett Kavanaugh alla Corte Suprema e regala a Donald Trump la vittoria più importante della sua presidenza a un mese dalle cruciali elezioni di medio termine.

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Il tycoon loda il Senato ed esulta: “e’ un grande giorno per l’America”.

I democratici sconfitti però non mollano la presa e assicurano che continueranno a dare battaglia: se al voto di novembre prenderanno il controllo della Camera, come appare possibile, l’apertura di un’indagine seria su Kavanaugh è data per scontata.E non è esclusa neanche una procedura per impeachment.

Con una maggioranza risicata, 50 voti a favore e 48 contrari, il Senato dice sì al giudice scelto da Trump, che si appresta a sostituire Anthony Kennedy alla Corte Suprema. A presiedere lo storico voto il vice presidente Mike Pence, costretto a sospendere le operazioni di voto in seguito alle proteste dei manifestanti in aula, allontanati rapidamente dalle forze dell’ordine. Mentre fuori dal Senato decine di dimostranti venivano arrestati.

Brett Kavanaugh diventa il nono saggio della Corte Suprema americana, rendendola la più conservatrice da decenni. Il suo ingresso rafforza infatti l’ala dei giudici ‘di destra’, mettendo a rischio alcune sentenze storiche, dall’aborto alle nozze gay, passando per il diritto alla sanità sancito dall’Obamacare.

Donald Trump loda e si congratula con il Senato americano per aver confermato il giudice Brett Kavanaugh alla Corte Suprema. Il presidente americano twitta il suo plauso ai senatori dall’Air Force One, da dove ha seguito le operazioni di voto. Trump e’ diretto in Kansas, dove nelle prossime ore terra’ un comizio.

Ora il rischio maggiore è che, dopo settimane di scontri furiosi tra democratici e repubblicani, l’alta corte – le cui decisioni possono cambiare il Paese quanto o forse più di quelle di un presidente – venga ora percepita come un’estensione della politica, perdendo così la sua autorevolezza. Elena Kagan e Sonia Sotomayor, i due giudici nominati da Barack Obama, lo hanno detto chiaramente: “La Corte Suprema rischia di perdere la sua legittimità se non viene considerata imparziale. Dobbiamo essere sopra le parti”.

La forza della Corte, hanno spiegato Kagana e Sotomayor, sta infatti nel non essere considerata politicamente divisa, nell’essere (e anche sembrare) “giusta, imparziale e neutrale”. Considerato in modo bipartisan fino a non molto tempo fa uno dei migliori giuristi americani, su Kavanaugh pesano le accuse di molestie e l’etichetta di giudice scelto da Trump per mantenere una delle sue promesse elettorali: nominare alla Corte un conservatore contrario all’aborto. Un tema, quest’ultimo, sul quale lo stesso Kavanaugh non è riuscito a dare garanzie precise: durante le audizioni per la sua conferma, si è limitato a dire che la ‘Roe vs Wade’, la storica sentenza che ha legalizzato l’aborto negli Stati Uniti, è ormai “una norma decisa” e che “il rispetto dei precedenti è importante”. Parole vaghe, che non hanno rassicurato i democratici e le donne. Kavanaugh è più conservatore del giudice che va a sostituire alla Corte Suprema, il defunto e rispettatissimo Anthony Kennedy, considerato per anni l’ago della bilancia fra i saggi: la sua ascesa attribuisce così una maggioranza di 5 a 4 ai giudici di nomina repubblicana. Kavanaugh si va infatti ad aggiungere a Neil Gorsuch (Donald Trump), John Roberts e Samuel Anthony Alito (George W. Bush) e Clarence Thomas (George W. H. Bush). I saggi ‘democratici’ sono invece Ruth Bader Ginsburg e Stephen Breyer (Bill Clinton) e Sonia Sotomayor e Elena Kagan (Barack Obama).


Bbc. 2018-10-07. Brett Kavanaugh confirmation: Victory for Trump in Supreme Court battle

President Donald Trump’s controversial nominee for the Supreme Court, Brett Kavanaugh, has been sworn in following weeks of rancorous debate.

The Senate earlier backed his nomination by 50 votes to 48.

Mr Kavanaugh had been embroiled in a bitter battle to stave off claims of sexual assault, which he denies.

But after an 11th-hour investigation by the FBI into the allegations, enough wavering senators decided to support the nomination.

His confirmation hands Mr Trump a political victory ahead of key mid-term elections in November.

Before the vote, hundreds of people protested against Mr Kavanaugh’s nomination at the US Capitol in Washington.

During the vote, other protesters shouted “shame” from the public gallery and Vice-President Mike Pence had to call for order to be restored.

Why US top court is so much more political than UK’s

What did the FBI inquiry into Kavanaugh result in?

Mr Kavanaugh’s appointment is for life and he will strengthen conservative control of the nine-judge court, which has the final say on US law.

The 53 year old was sworn in on Saturday evening in a private ceremony at the Supreme Court. Chief Justice John Roberts administered the constitutional oath and retired justice Anthony Kennedy – whom Mr Kavanaugh is replacing – administered the judicial oath.

Protesters had gathered outside the court and at one point some ran up the steps and banged on its ornate doors. Other demonstrators climbed on the nearby statue of justice.

What has Mr Trump said?

He sent out a tweet of congratulations:

Later he spoke to reporters aboard Air Force One, saying Mr Kavanaugh had withstood a “horrible attack by the Democrats” and that women were “outraged” at what had happened to the nominee.

Mr Trump also said he was “100% certain” that the woman who had accused Mr Kavanaugh of sexual assault, Christine Blasey Ford, had named the wrong person.

So what were the numbers in the Senate?

The upper house is split 51-49 in favour of the Republicans and the vote was largely along party lines. In the end, there was indeed a two-vote margin, the closest nomination vote since 1881.

The only party dissenters were Republican Senator Lisa Murkowski, who had intended to vote no, and Democrat Joe Manchin, who voted yes.

That should have meant a 51-49 tally, but the absence of Republican Steve Daines, a yes voter who was at his daughter’s wedding, altered the final figures.

What was said in the Senate?

In their final summations, the two Senate party leaders reflected how bitter the divide had become.

Minority Democrat leader Chuck Schumer said Mr Kavanaugh did not belong on the bench as he had “obscured his views to the American people”, “repeatedly misled the Senate” and delivered one of the “bitterest and most partisan testimonies ever presented by a nominee”.

He also said Mr Trump had “stooped to new depths” in mocking the testimony of Christine Blasey Ford.

Mr Schumer said that for all those who opposed the nomination, “there is one answer – vote” in the November mid-term elections.

Majority Republican leader Mitch McConnell said Mr Kavanaugh was a “serious scholar, a brilliant student of the law and a meticulous and dedicated public servant”.

He said events had “strained our basic principles of fairness and justice” and that the vote showed the Senate was “an institution where evidence and facts matter”.

He spoke of “intimidation by the mob” and said the Senate vote should be one “to turn away from darkness”.

Ms Murkowski had earlier said that although Mr Kavanaugh was a “good man”, he was “not the right person for the court at this time” and his “appearance of impropriety has become unavoidable”.

Joe Manchin is facing a difficult re-election campaign in West Virginia, a traditionally Republican state that Mr Trump won by a landslide. He said he “found Judge Kavanaugh to be a qualified jurist”.

There were shouts of “shame” from the public gallery as he voted yes.

Two Republican waverers, Susan Collins and Jeff Flake, finally decided to back the judge.

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