Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Consiglio Europeo del 28 – 29 giugno. Il programma.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-06-23.

 unione europea 001

Il 28 ed il 29 giugno si terrà finalmente un Consiglio Europeo.

Molte le situazioni nuove rispetto alla precedente riunione.

Al posto di Mr Rajoy siederà per la Spagna Mr Sánchez, per l’Italia Mr Conte sostituirà Mr Gentiloni. Forse, ma la cosa è ancora dubbia, per la Slovenia Mr Janša potrebbe aver già formato il governo ed essere presente. Sembrerebbero essere voti non propriamente favorevoli a Frau Merkel.

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Punto primo e principale all’ordine del giorno è l’immigrazione illegale.

L’ordine del giorno è alquanto vago, e rimanda ad un documento che sembrerebbe essere stato pre confezionato. Nulla da ridire: queste riunioni devono essere preparate con cura. Ci si domanda però chi mai potrebbe votare un simile documento.

«The growing instability in the EU’s southern neighbourhood has increased the number of people trying to reach the European Union. The EU and its member states are intensifying efforts to establish an effective, humanitarian and safe European migration policy.»

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«Based on these priorities, the Council of the EU establishes certain lines of action and provides the mandates for negotiations with third countries»

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«The presidency of the Council has also activated the integrated political crisis response (IPCR) arrangements»

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«strengthening the EU’s external borders»

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«reforming the common European asylum system»

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«providing legal migration pathways»

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«Effective management of the EU’s external borders is essential if free movement within the EU is to function well»

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«One of the key priorities of the EU’s migration policy is the prevention of illegal migration as well as the return of irregular migrants to their countries of origin»

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«The migration crisis highlighted the need to reform the common European asylum system (CEAS). Under the existing framework, asylum seekers are not treated uniformly and recognition rates vary, which may encourage secondary movements and asylum shopping. The Council is examining seven legislative proposals made by the European Commission to reform the CEAS. »

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La proposta tedesca di Frau Merkel prevedrebbe la ripartizione coatta in tutti gli stati afferenti l’Unione degli immigrati illegali indipendentemente dal primo paese di accoglienza. Poco o nulla si sa sulla bozza al momento circolante sul blocco degli arrivi in Italia via mare. In poche parole, l’Italia dovrebbe accogliere tutti e quindi tenerseli. Nulla di nuovo sotto il sole.

Segnalismo un’idea davvero geniale.

Denominare i migranti a qualsiasi titolo arrivati con un nome differente da “illegali“. Scomparirebbero immediatamente tutte le illegalità. Una genialata.

Si preannuncia un Consiglio davvero interessante.

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European Council. Council of the European Union. European Council, 28-29/06/2018

Agenda highlights

The June European Council will focus on migration, security and defence, as well as economic and financial affairs. EU leaders will also address Brexit (in an EU 27 format) and eurozone (Euro Summit format).

– Migration.

Leaders are expected to discuss the internal and external dimensions of migration policy, including the reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS).

Finding solutions to migratory pressures (background information)

– Economy and finance.

EU leaders are expected to adopt conclusions on several issues recently debated under the Leaders’ Agenda, such as taxation, innovation and digital. The European Council will also endorse the country specific recommendations under the 2018 European Semester and discuss the future handling of the multi-annual financial framework (MFF), including a timeline. It is expected that leaders will also discuss trade.

Leaders’ Agenda (background information)

2018 European Semester (background information)

Multiannual financial framework (background information)

– Security and defence.

In terms of security and defence, leaders are expected to discuss EU-NATO cooperation ahead of the NATO summit in July and provide orientations for further work, in particular on permanent structured cooperation (PESCO). The European Council should also address military mobility, the European Defence Fund, the European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP) and Civilian Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).

EU cooperation on security and defence (background information)

In light of events, the European Council may address specific foreign policy issues.

– Brexit.

The European Council (Art. 50), in an EU 27 format, will review the state of play of Brexit negotiations and adopt conclusions on progress made.

European Counci (Art. 50), 29/06/2018

– Euro summit.

Finally, the Euro summit will in an inclusive format (EU27) discuss the reform of the economic and monetary union.

Euro Summit, 29/06/2018

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European Council. Council of the European Union. Finding solutions to migratory pressures

The growing instability in the EU’s southern neighbourhood has increased the number of people trying to reach the European Union. The EU and its member states are intensifying efforts to establish an effective, humanitarian and safe European migration policy.

Frontex: migratory route maps

Frontex: risk analysis for 2017

The European Council plays an important role in this effort, setting the strategic priorities. Based on these priorities, the Council of the EU establishes certain lines of action and provides the mandates for negotiations with third countries. It also adopts legislation and defines specific programmes.

Over the past months, the Council and European Council have worked to build up a strong response in several areas. The timeline on migratory pressures provides an overview of the key developments in the work of the Council and the European Council to build an EU response to migratory pressure.

Timeline: response to migratory pressures

The presidency of the Council has also activated the integrated political crisis response (IPCR) arrangements. These provide tools to step up support to the Council response in the event of a crisis, both at political level and at working level, with the Commission, the EEAS, and relevant agencies.

The EU migratory policy comprises the following strands:

– working with countries of origin and transit

– strengthening the EU’s external borders

– managing migration flows and curbing migrant smuggling activities

– reforming the common European asylum system

– providing legal migration pathways

– fostering the integration of third-country nationals

Working with countries of origin and transit

The global approach to migration and mobility (GAMM) is the overarching framework for the EU’s relations with third countries. Under the GAMM, several dialogues on migration have been launched and developed, and cooperation frameworks have been established with relevant third countries. In 2015, EU leaders agreed on an action plan in Valetta to respond to the influx of migrants into the EU, primarily from African countries. In 2016, the European Council approved the establishment of a new migration partnership framework to deepen cooperation with key countries of origin. The same year, the EU-Turkey statement was adopted to tackle the irregular migration flow through Turkey to the EU. In addition, the EU is taking action to meet the urgent humanitarian needs of Syrian refugees in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon.

Working with countries of origin and transit (background information)

Strengthening the EU’s external borders

Effective management of the EU’s external borders is essential if free movement within the EU is to function well. The European Border and Coast Guard Agency was launched in October 2016, following the European Council’s call in September 2015 to strengthen controls at external borders. The adoption of reinforced checks  at external borders is being negotiated, as well as the strengthening of controls through the use of new technologies.

Strengthening the EU’s external borders (background information)

Managing migration flows and curbing migrant smugglers

One of the key priorities of the EU’s migration policy is the prevention of illegal migration as well as the return of irregular migrants to their countries of origin. The return directive sets clear, transparent and fair rules for returning irregular third-country nationals. The EU readmission agreements are crucial to the implementation of the EU’s return policy. The EU also has established a series of naval operations to secure EU borders, save migrant lives at sea, and fight human trafficking networks and smugglers.

Managing migration flows and curbing migrant smugglers (background information)

Reforming the common European asylum system

The migration crisis highlighted the need to reform the common European asylum system (CEAS). Under the existing framework, asylum seekers are not treated uniformly and recognition rates vary, which may encourage secondary movements and asylum shopping. The Council is examining seven legislative proposals made by the European Commission to reform the CEAS. 

Reforming the common European asylum system (background information)

Providing legal migration pathways

The EU is committed to providing safe and legal avenues to Europe for those in need of international protection. In July 2015, Member States agreed to resettle 22,504 people. The EU-Turkey statement of March 2016 provides that for every Syrian being returned to Turkey from the Greek islands, another Syrian will be resettled from Turkey to the EU. The Commission on 13 July 2016 proposed a permanent EU resettlement framework to establish common standards and procedures. In addition, the Council is examining a proposal to improve the blue card directive to attract highly-skilled talent that the EU economy needs.

Providing legal migration pathways (background information)

Fostering the integration of third-country nationals

Relocation and resettlement measures adopted in response to the refugee and migrant crisis have emphasised the need to support member states which have less experience with integration. Indeed, third-country nationals across the EU often face barriers with regard to employment, education, and social inclusion. In its conclusions in December 2016, the Council invited member states to exchange best practice on the integration of third-country nationals, to improve monitoring and assessment of integration, and to address the recognition of qualifications and skills of third-country nationals.

Fostering the integration of third-country nationals (background information)

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