Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio, Unione Europea

Cina, Groenlandia e ‘Polar Silk Road’.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.



«La Groenlandia (in groenlandese: Kalaallit Nunaat, Terra degli uomini; in danese Grønland, Terra verde) è un’isola appartenente, geograficamente parlando, al continente americano, collocata nell’estremo nord dell’oceano Atlantico tra il Canada a sud-ovest, l’Islanda a sud-est, l’Artide e il Mar Glaciale Artico a nord. Dal punto di vista politico, costituisce una nazione in seno al Regno di Danimarca. ….

Dopo la guerra [mondiale] il controllo dell’isola ritornò alla Danimarca e, nel 1953, lo status coloniale venne trasformato in quello di un Amt (contea) d’oltremare. Nel 1985 l’isola ha abbandonato la CEE, a cui era unita dal 1973 in quanto parte della Danimarca. ….

Il 26 novembre 2008, è passato in Danimarca il referendum sulla auto determinazione, con una percentuale del 75,5% di favorevoli.

Con questa riforma si sono rivisti gli statuti dell’autonomia, secondo i quali, a partire dal 21 giugno 2009, alla Groenlandia è riconosciuto l’auto-governo e la gestione autonoma delle proprie risorse naturali ….

Di fatto dal 21 giugno 2009 la Groenlandia è uno Stato federato, quasi indipendente, fatta eccezione per la politica estera. » [Fonte]

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Attualmente, la Groenlandia ha rapporti sia con Danimarca sia con l’Unione Europea.

«Since breaking from the EU, Greenland has relied heavily on cash from Denmark, currently a grant of 3.6 billion crowns ($700 million) a year. ….

The European Union provides about 31 million euros ($44.71 million) a year to Greenland, mainly to promote education, and 16 million euros a year to help develop fisheries.»

La Danimarca eroga alla Groenlandia 700 milioni Usd l’anno e l’Unione Europea 16 milioni euro, principalmente in corresponsione a diritti estrattivi e di pesca.

Sono somme da elemosine sui sagrati di chiese sconsacrate.

Quindi non ci si dovrebbe stupire più di tanto di quanto sta evolvendo.

Le mani dei cinesi sulla Groenlandia, sotto il ghiaccio una miniera di ricchezza

«Pechino pronta a corposi investimenti sull’isola: gli sforzi per aprirsi un passaggio più breve per i commerci con la costa Est degli Usa.

Da 200 anni il continente ghiacciato fa parte del regno danese, ma ormai c’è soltanto un partito inuit che non è a favore dell’indipendenza.»


China unveils plans for a ‘Polar Silk Road’ across the Arctic

«China on Friday outlined its ambitions to extend President Xi Jinping’s signature Belt and Road Initiative to the Arctic by developing shipping lanes opened up by global warming.

Releasing its first official Arctic policy white paper, China said it would encourage enterprises to build infrastructure and conduct commercial trial voyages, paving the way for Arctic shipping routes.

“China hopes to work with all parties to build a ‘Polar Silk Road’ through developing the Arctic shipping routes,” said the paper, which is issued by the State Council Information Office.

Among its increasing interests in the region is its major stake in Russia’s Yamal liquefied natural gas project which is expected to supply China with four million tonnes of LNG a year, according to the state-run China Daily»

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La Groenlandia è ricca di giacimenti minerari ed i suoi mari sono pescosi.

Nel 1985 aveva abbandonato l’allora Cee essendo questa ultima esosa: la trattava da paria.

Danimarca ed Unione Europea versano alla Groenlandia cifre da fame in cambio di permessi e concessioni, senza prendersi l’incomodo di aiutarla a dotarsi di infrastrutture.

Lo spazio lasciato libero da un’Unione Europea intenta a scrutare i sexual harassment, quegli ungheresi riottosi a rinunciare alle proprie tradizioni nazionali ed ai polacchi tetragoni a negare ogni abiura, bene, questa dirigenza dell’Unione Europea ha spinto la Groenlandia in braccio alla Cina.

Mr Xi non ci ha pensato su due volte, e con abile mossa ha inglobato la Groenlandia nel Progetto ‘Polar Silk Road’.

I pescherecci dell’Unione saranno trasformati in enormi stampanti 3D che sforneranno pesce di polipropilene isotattico: non è commestibile ma anche l’occhio reclama la sua parte. Per non parlare poi di tutte le risorse minerarie: come se l’Unione Europea ne avesse troppe.

USNI News. 2018-04-27. Panel: China Investing in Infrastructure Near the Arctic

«China sees the expanding global markets for natural gas and minerals as solid reasons to invest heavily in exploration, development and infrastructure from Canada to Greenland to Russia, a panel of Arctic experts said Friday.

Mark Rosen, co-author of a recent CNA report on the challenges this investment poses for international security, advised observers to “follow the money” in evaluating at China’s ambitions in the North. .

China’s investment in Greenland’s economy is 12 percent of its gross domestic product and about six percent of Iceland’s, he said. “Money is power,” and China is dispensing funds for influence around the globe. In recent years, China has invested $90 billion in a host of projects above 60 degrees north with likely more to follow, if oil prices rise.

Hong Nong, executive director and senior fellow at the Institute for China-America Studies, said China’s new white paper on the Arctic is seen by many observers as Beijing’s quest for “a polar or ice silk road,” similar to “One Belt/One Road” strategy of expansion westward into Europe, Africa and Latin America. ….

Not only is China investing there in mining for rare minerals; but Greenland is an autonomous, constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark, a NATO ally with an American air base at Thule. “It may be the first nation born from climate change” as more of its glacier ice melts and its population grows beyond the 60,000 residents there now»


Cbc. 2018-04-25. Greenland ruling party has most votes in election tracked by Canadian mining firms, China

The coalition that is formed could affect the rate of mining investment and autonomy from Denmark.


Greenland Prime Minister Kim Kielsen’s Siumut party won the most votes in a parliamentary election, results showed on Wednesday, though it lost ground to centrist rivals.

Dog sleds had to ferry voting papers to polling stations across the sparely populated country for Tuesday’s vote. Surveys suggested that the 40,769 eligible voters were most interested in improving poor infrastructure and boosting an economy that depends on fishing and annual grants from Denmark.

The social-democratic Siumut party won 27 per cent of votes, down from 34 per cent four years ago. That sets the stage for coalition talks with either the left-wing Inuit Ataqatigiit (IA) party or Demokraterne, which emerged as the third biggest party with 20 per cent, taking votes from both Siumut and IA.

Greenland, a part of the Kingdom of Denmark but with self-rule since 2009, relies on fishing and annual grants from Denmark.

Investors from China to Canada were said to be watching Greenland’s election for signs of the political will to get a flagging mining programme on the island back on track.

Greenland is hoping rising commodity prices can help attract foreign investment and get its fragile economy up to speed to realize the goal of independence.

Hype about a possible mining boom in Greenland after it achieved self-rule from Denmark in 2009 faded in a morass of red tape and a commodity price slump around five years ago. It left the economy reliant on fishing and grants from Denmark.

But with the country’s sole producing mine starting up last year — a ruby pink sapphire mine operated by Norway’s LNS Group — and Canada’s Hudson Resource’s anorthosite project due to begin operations this year, locals are again hoping more investments will follow.

Improved access to and from the Arctic island as the ice melts, and a more favourable investment climate, would go some way to alleviate the barriers to business of perpetual winter darkness and temperatures reaching as low as minus 50 Celsius.

Chinese interest in Greenland comes after Beijing laid out its ambitions to form a “Polar Silk Road” by developing shipping lanes opened up by global warming and encouraging enterprises to build infrastructure in the Arctic. 

“A new government led by Kielsen and Siumut but without IA will create more openness towards attracting investments, including from China,” said Rasmus Leander Nielsen, assistant professor at the University of Greenland in Nuuk.

“IA is more skeptical. They want mining activity, but have more emphasis on the environment,” Nielsen said. 


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