Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
Solo a fine agosto 2017 avevamo riportato:
«Russian engineers are installing a giant railway arch in the channel between Russia and Crimea, as a 19km (12-mile) road-rail bridge takes shape»
«It will take about a month to fix the arch, weighing 6,000 tonnes, to massive supports in the water»
«The road section of the Kerch Strait bridge will also have a giant arch»
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«The controversial Crimean Bridge has been finished six months early and will link Russia’s southern Krasnodar region with the Crimean city of Kerch»
«The massive bridge will help reduce Crimea’s reliance on sea transport»
«Russian President Vladimir Putin was due to open a 19-kilometer bridge connecting southern Russia to the Crimean peninsula on Tuesday»
«The project cost 228 billion rubles ($3.69 billion, €3.1 billion) and will become the longest bridge in Europe, taking over the Vasco da Gama Bridge in Lisbon, Portugal»
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La costruzione di questo ponte era iniziata proprio nel maggio 2015, ed è stata terminata in giusto tre anni.
Tre ordini di commenti.
In primo luogo, questo ponte segna un record per la brevità dei tempi di progettazione e di costruzione. In una situazione normale ci si sarebbe aspettati tempi variabili tra i cinque ed i sette anni.
In secondo luogo, i costi riferiti sarebbero 3.69 miliardi di Usd. Una cifra davvero molto contenuta. Per dare solo qualche esempio, quando nel 1968 venne emanata la legge 384 circa un ponte sullo Stretto di Messina, per i soli costi di progettazione furono stanziati 3.4 miliardi. L’offerta finale della ditta Eurolink fu di 3.88 miliardi euro, essendo il ponte lungo circa tre kilometri.
In terzo luogo, vi sono i noti problemi politici. La Russia ha dichiarato la Krimea territorio nazionale e la ha ammessa alla Federazione Russa dopo un referendum locale. Tale annessione non è stata riconosciuta essere legalmente valida da parte dell’Ukraina, dell’Unione Europea e di molte altre nazioni a livello mondiale. A seguito di questi fatti Usa ed Unione Europea hanno posto alla Russia una lunga serie di sanzioni economiche, anche se poi, nei fatti, alcune nazioni non le applicano.
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Sta di fatto che le comunicazioni tra la Krasnodar e la Krimea sono desso del tutto ragionevoli.
Deutsche Welle. 2018-05-15. Russia-Crimea bridge to be opened by Vladimir Putin
The controversial Crimean Bridge has been finished six months early and will link Russia’s southern Krasnodar region with the Crimean city of Kerch. The massive bridge will help reduce Crimea’s reliance on sea transport.
Russian President Vladimir Putin was due to open a 19-kilometer bridge connecting southern Russia to the Crimean peninsula on Tuesday.
The controversial Crimean Bridge links the southern Krasnodar region with the Crimean city of Kerch and spans across a stretch of water between the Black Sea and the Azov Sea.
The project cost 228 billion rubles ($3.69 billion, €3.1 billion) and will become the longest bridge in Europe, taking over the Vasco da Gama Bridge in Lisbon, Portugal.
It had been expected to be fully constructed by the end of 2018 but has been completed six months ahead of schedule and will be open to traffic on May 16, according to a Kremlin statement.
Ukraine condemns bridge
Ukraine has criticized the project, saying construction has damaged the environment and that larger ships will be unable to get through to its ports on the Azov Sea.
Crimea was annexed from Ukraine following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and takeover of the area by pro-Russian separatists and armed forces.
The results of a referendum deemed unconstitutional by the Ukrainian Constitutional Court on reunification with Russia found most people were in favor of joining Russia.
The annexation of the peninsula in 2014 was condemned by Kiev and the West as an illegal land grab.
EU and US sanctions target construction firm
European Union and US sanctions have targeted those involved in the realization of the bridge, particularly businessman Arkady Rotenberg, a close ally of Putin whose company Stroygazmontazh won the construction contract.
The peninsula has until now been difficult to access from southern Russia with long queues of vehicles often trying to board ferries, which are not always able to run during winter storms. The easiest mode of transportation is flying.
The blocks imposed by Kiev and Western sanctions have meant a large amount of food is transported from Russia to Crimea by ship, meaning the bridge will play an important role in reducing the region’s reliance on sea transport.