Pubblicato in: Economia e Produzione Industriale, Problemia Energetici

Papua New Guinea. Torna in funzione l’impianto Lng dopo il terremoto.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-04-15.

Papua New Guinea 001

«Papua New Guinea (PNG), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.

At the national level, after being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea established its sovereignty in 1975. This followed nearly 60 years of Australian administration, which started during World War I. It became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1975 with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in its own right.

Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. It is also one of the most rural, as only 18 percent of its people live in urban centres. There are 852 known languages in the country, of which 12 now have no known living speakers. Most of the population of more than 7 million people live in customary communities, which are as diverse as the languages» [Fonte]

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La Nuova Guinea è un paese di poco più di otto milioni di abitanti con un pil ppa procapite di 3,635 Usd. Dire che è un paese misero sarebbe fargli un complimento.

«Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, including mineral and renewable resources, such as forests, marine (including a large portion of the world’s major tuna stocks), and in some parts agriculture. The rugged terrain — including high mountain ranges and valleys, swamps and islands — and high cost of developing infrastructure, combined with other factors (including serious law and order problems in some centres and the system of customary land title) makes it difficult for outside developers. Local developers are handicapped by years of deficient investment in education, health, ICT and access to finance. Agriculture, for subsistence and cash crops, provides a livelihood for 85% of the population and continues to provide some 30% of GDP. Mineral deposits, including gold, oil, and copper, account for 72% of export earnings.»

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Questo paese necessiterebbe di un concreto intervento internazionale per dotarlo almeno delle infrastrutture di base: acquedotti, rete nera, centrali elettriche e relativa rete di distribuzione, rete viaria e ferroviaria.

Se senza queste infrastrutture sembrerebbe quasi impossibile che l’economia della Nuova Guinea possa crescere, altrettanto sarebbe lecito dire per l’istruzione.  Se l’analfabetismo è contenuto, in relazione al tipo di paese, si registra un severa mancanza di figure professionali a tutti i livelli.

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Adesso finalmente una buona notizia.

«ExxonMobil Corp expects to restart production from its Papua New Guinea liquefied natural gas (LNG) project at the start of May after it was shut following an earthquake in February»

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«The $19 billion LNG facility, opened in 2014 in a remote location in one of Asia’s poorest and most politically troubled countries, has been closed since the powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake»

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«The project is considered one of the world’s best-performing LNG operations, despite the challenge of drilling for gas and building a plant and pipeline in the remote Papua New Guinea jungle.»

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«The LNG export terminal may not be able to produce at full capacity at first and will likely ramp up gradually»

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«ExxonMobil has said there has not been any indication that the 700 km (435 mile) pipeline that delivers gas to its coastal LNG plant had been damaged by the quake, which flattened villages, killed dozens of people and spoilt water sources»

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Il 26 febbraio 2018 la Papua Nuova Guinea subì un terremoto di magnitudo 7.5: un evento destruente.

Papua New Guinea earthquake: Tens of thousands need urgent aid

«147,000 people were in severe need of food, water and sanitation.»

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Diamo volentieri atto alla ExxonMobil che in poco più di un mese è riuscita a far riprendere la produzione.

È stato non solo un impiego finanziario non indifferente, ma tecnico e, soprattutto, umano.

La miseria e la povertà si combattono generando posti di lavoro.


Reuters. 2018-04-11. Exxon expects Papua New Guinea LNG project to restart in May

ExxonMobil Corp expects to restart production from its Papua New Guinea liquefied natural gas (LNG) project at the start of May after it was shut following an earthquake in February, ExxonMobil LNG Vice President Emma Cochrane said on Wednesday.

The $19 billion LNG facility, opened in 2014 in a remote location in one of Asia’s poorest and most politically troubled countries, has been closed since the powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake.

The project is considered one of the world’s best-performing LNG operations, despite the challenge of drilling for gas and building a plant and pipeline in the remote Papua New Guinea jungle. Australia’s Oil Search and Santos are Exxon’s main partners in the project.

The LNG export terminal may not be able to produce at full capacity at first and will likely ramp up gradually, Cochrane said on the sidelines of the International Energy Forum.

“We are hopeful that we will be able to start in the beginning of May. We are actually ahead of schedule,” Cochrane told Reuters.

ExxonMobil has said there has not been any indication that the 700 km (435 mile) pipeline that delivers gas to its coastal LNG plant had been damaged by the quake, which flattened villages, killed dozens of people and spoilt water sources.

Cochrane also said the company has recertified the reserves in its P’nyang field in Papua New Guinea, and the reserves are higher than it previously thought.

“That gives us the potential to expand the facilities in the P’nyang field for the PNG LNG foundation project,” she said.

Exxon is likely to take a final investment decision this year on expanding its Golden Pass LNG terminal in Texas – a joint venture between Qatar Petroleum, ExxonMobil and ConocoPhillips , Cochrane said.

The company intends to expand its facility in Qatar, but “they have still not made a decision on partnering,” Cochrane said.

“We very much hope that Exxon Mobil will be a part of that story. But Qatar Petroleum is still considered their partnership choices.”

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